Is Wind Power Really Green

Linda asks…

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using solar power to generate electricity?

and hydroelectric, geothermal and wind turbines..
lol @ went to school

Windmill Farms answers:

Solar power, hydroelectric, geothermal, and wind energy are very clean and and equally important renewable source of energy.

The advantages are the green factor and renewable sources. Also I believe that a shift toward these types of energy sources Solar in particular will lead to power systems becoming more distributed. I won’t go so far as to say that that is an actual advantage but many would . It has a whole set of problems and rewards in of its self.

The disadvantage would be unreliability. This will change much as newer methods are adopted as standard power production methods.

While some would say they are an eye sore I would say no more than any other type energy plant.

At present oil/coal/wood is easy to get at, abundant, and the world is driven by it. There will be a slow shift towards other types of power as they become cheaper and more reliable. You can bet when there are other cheaper forms of energy that are as reliable as current systems they will usurp current power production methods.

Steven asks…

What is the most efficient type of power plant?

And why?
thxx
sorry i meant “POWER STATION”
sorry
thxx

Windmill Farms answers:

Wind power. Though it takes up a lot of land it is the most cost-effective, green, quick to build source of power. And, because it is cheap if more companies/ if you started doing it, it’d be cheaper than normal electricity.

Betty asks…

Can Wind Power be described as a sustainable energy source? Give reasons(using Dover* Windfarms as an example)?

*optional

Windmill Farms answers:

The word ‘sustainable’ may go down to semantics. Energy sustainability and security of supply are twin concepts in energy investment.

If you want to liken sustainability to availability, from the supply point of view, wind power may be green friendly, but do not have an extensive radius coverage to very distant end-users. Hence, in relation to the sunk cost investment wind farms will gulp in comparison with its energy supply capacity, its not an economic attraction, and so, not a sustainable source of energy on economic grounds. But if you want to narrow sustainability to renewability, a windy region will never run out of wind. So, in that sense, as far as there is wind, there will be power. It’s sustainable!

But down to the wires, putting the Dover Windfarms in perspective, which is situated between East Langdon and Pineham to the north of Dover, these are close to residential regions, and a third factor also comes to focus in ascertaining its sustainability. Wind farms close to residences are usually barricaded for the reason that they could distort views, or even lower the value of property in the area. Hence, they are usually welcomed with public disapproval. In this sense, it may be UNsustainable on social grounds. On political grounds, its a whitewash for scoring political points without political will (revisit the economic grounds)

However, although the Dover Windfarms passed the environmental risk assessment test as fluvial, tidal and groundwater floods with a PPS25 Flood Zone 1 – Low Probability level, as well as a topography with high elevation of 95, above Ordinance Datum, and a minimum elevation of
75m AOD, this particular windfarm may have passed the environmental test to inspire sustainability. But that’s just one wind farm. This assessment is not of general application. Again, that’s not it passing the human or economic test.

Helen asks…

How do humans affect wind – wind turbines ?

So i have a few questions.
1. How do we human affect wind
or wind turbine power?

And
what can we do to make sure its sustainability?

ANSWER ASAP
thank you very much

Windmill Farms answers:

The current generation of students and their politically correct teachers seem to believe that wind power is the solution to all of civilization’s energy needs. Nothing could be further from the truth. In fact, because of the way it works, wind power creates a need for higher carbon emissions than are necessary….

Wind is inefficient and expensive.

Since wind turbines were installed in Denmark the Danish grid used 50% more coal-generated electricity in 2006 than in 2005 to cover wind’s failings.

According to the Copenhagen newspaper Politiken, “The increase in the demand for coal, needed to plug the gap left by underperforming wind farms, meant that Danish carbon emissions rose by 36% in 2006. This has undermined the ‘green’ credentials of Danish wind farms. Meanwhile Danish electricity costs are the highest in Europe. The Danish experience suggests wind energy is expensive, inefficient and not even particularly green.” Danish Member of Parliament Aase Madsen who chairs energy policy admits: “For our industry it has been a terribly expensive disaster”.

Der Spiegel recently reported that despite all the wind turbines in Germany (more than 20,000) “German CO2 emissions haven’t been reduced by even a single gram” and even the Green Party has recognized the problem.

The German electricity supplier E.ON Netz Wind Report (2005) warned: “Wind energy is only able to replace traditional power stations to a limited extent. Their dependence on the prevailing wind conditions means that wind power has a limited load factor even when technically available.

“It is not possible to guarantee its use for the continual cover of electricity consumption. Consequently, traditional power stations with capacities equal to 90% of the installed wind power capacity must be permanently online in order to guarantee power supply at all times”.

The Wall Street Journal explained last September that in order to cover the inconsistencies of the wind power now on the German grid, “Germany’s gas consumption for power generation more than doubled between 1990 and 2007.”

In the U.K., the newly installed wind technology is also backed up by gas. Figures released in November by the OECD indicate that “in the past year alone, prices for electricity and natural gas in the U.K. Have risen twice as fast as the European Union average”. This is good news if you are in the gas distribution business.

In Ontario, Canada, where the government is pursuing the wind power folly, it is estimated it will cost 5 billion dollars for new transmission lines to send wind power to the province’s cities. This will add 30% to every Ontario electricity bill. And that doesn’t cover building and supplying the gas plants to cover wind’s intermittency.

The claim that wind energy provides thousands of jobs is also contradicted by European experience.

In Spain, with 15,000 MW of wind power already operating, each new job in the wind industry has cost taxpayers one million Euros in subsidies and few of these jobs are permanent.

In Spain electricity rates had gone up 30% in two years by 2007, not to mention an increase of 85% in the price of natural gas.

And there has been a huge exit of manufacturing industries that depend on high electricity use. Many of these multinationals have moved out because they found lower electricity rates in other countries. Spain’s unemployment rate is now 14%.

How’s that for a few disadvantages. And, I haven’t even included the arguments of the NIMBY’s who don’t like the sight or sound of wind in their neighbourhoods. Or the new movement that is fighting turbines based on health issues.

John asks…

If Green Energy is so great how could this happen?

http://www.industryweek.com/articles/wind-turbine_maker_that_obama_praised_files_for_bankruptcy_25001.aspx?SectionID=3

Windmill Farms answers:

Where I live there is a wind farm about 10 miles long. Two people work there. Just a couple questions for green energy. How much more expensive is an engine that will burn E85 (85% ethanol, 15% gasoline) ethanol. Well it looks something like an NHRA fuel class engine or something comparable to a NASCAR engine. Check out the price of those engines. This is only necessary because a gallon of ethanol produces 66% of the power gasoline does. How much electricity does a solar farm produce at night? How much electricity does a wind farm produce in calm air? A major factor to consider with green energy is that if it were financially practical capitalists would be all over it. Our president ignores this.

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Wind Energy Stocks

Mary asks…

What is a good stock to buy for this year ?

Please give solid reasons why this would be a good investment.

Windmill Farms answers:

Tower Tech, symbol TWRT.ob, make wind tower support structures. Wind energy is really growing in the US. This company’s CEO has already said their business is expanding rapidly. I own this stock. I think it will do well this year. Here is a link on the company:

http://www.top10traders.com/ViewPost.aspx?postID=82

I also really like Bodisen Biotech, BBC. This is a Chinese company that sells fertilizer. This company has had some lawsuits that really knocked the share price down. I think it is too cheap. I recently bought it. Here is a link:

http://www.top10traders.com/ViewPost.aspx?postID=266

Both of these links are from http://www.top10traders.com – this is a free site that lets you create a portfolio of stocks with $100,000 in “play” money. Each day the site ranks the best performing portfolios, so you can see how your picks perform compared to other investors. You can also read posts on investing from the best traders, as well as share your own investing ideas. There is also a charting feature , so you can see how your portfolio performs compared to the S&P 500.

Here are this month’s best traders:

http://www.top10traders.com/Top10Standings.aspx

Hope this helps.

Charles asks…

which one is the good stock market Green energy ethonal or uranium power or neuclear power?

I need to find out growing market for investment in stock market.

Windmill Farms answers:

Just my opinion, and yes I have/do own some of these:
Ethanol is too up and down for me. Was in Pacific Ethanol.
Uranium is good
Thin film solar like FSLR is good
Wind blades like Vesta wind in Germany is also good.
You might also look into some more traditional companies like GE
Read through Wikipedia for newer technologies coming forward like using algae for scrubbing the exhaust from coal plants. Or the new ocean swell generators being tested in Europe.
These are story stocks. Story stocks skyrocket while the story is hot. Let it get cold and everyone will run for the door. You had better know how to use Stops.

John asks…

can someone reccomend me some stock investing books for begginers?

Windmill Farms answers:

Invest in A-Power Energy Generation System (APWR) stock is a great place to invest because the stock it blow 200 day average so in the short term(1month-1year) it will increase really fast when it in the market earning again.in short_term (1month-1year) you will earn 1-2 time the amount that you put in which in and of you put in a long-term you return it will be 15-20 time which it 5-10 years. The company is the biggest owner of wind turbine in china and the company is expending to other area such as U.S, Europe, and many more countries. The companies is expend their wind turbine to many different area the stock average return a year is about 20% but with right now the we are on the way to getting out of recession the average return is about 50%-120% a year.

Helen asks…

List the uses of energy in the U.S.?

can you be more specific because i need specific energy types. etc doesn’t help :(

Windmill Farms answers:

Hydro
Ocean
Solar
Wind
Biomass (grains, wood stock, grasses, etc)
Geothermal (available in western states)
Nuclear
Coal
Petroleum products
Ethanol (grains)
Bio-diesel (animal and vegetable fats)

Jenny asks…

How can i multiply my $100 into more?

Im 17 and im getting ready to graduate high school and i want to start to be smarter with my money and hopes of making alot in the future i feel that this skills will be beneficial.I have 100 dollars and hopefully soon to be $250 at the least and i would like to know how i can multiply it at a constantly rate, maybe investing it in something that has a reasonable profit.Any suggestions!

Windmill Farms answers:

Invest it in wind energy stocks.

Think about what’s going on in the world right now. The entire middle east is throwing over regimes that have ruled for centuries. This nations oils supply is in a dubious position, and we want to break our dependence on oil anyway, because scientists across the globe are convinced about the phenomenon of global warming. That means that our government will likely funnel billions of dollars into renewable energy in the near future, and wind stocks will skyrocket in value.

I’m telling you, invest in wind energy, and wait a decade. Your $100 will turn into your retirement fund.

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Renewable Energy Group

Mary asks…

an electrical engineering can work on renewable energy?

I want to know if electrical engineering is the right choose to work on renewable energy like bio-diesel.biomass or hybrid technology also I want to know if an electrical engineer could lose his job when he become older for instance computer science company hired younger people is the same with electrical careers? thanks

Windmill Farms answers:

An engineering background would be quite useful for renewable energies, quite useful for most things in general. Most engineering programs have a general engineering requirement where the students spend one to two years studying all the engineering fields before specializing so an electrical engineer would have sufficient chemical and mechanical engineering background to be useful in bio-diesel and biomass as well as be suited for the electronic controls inherent in all modern processes. Naturally, a hybrid would have a large electrical component that the EE would be useful for.

It’s illegal for a company to age discriminate but it is true that as one gets older and better paid, one’s liquidity on the labour market is reduced. However, many companies value experience and for good reason. Without some experience in a group, one’s bound to constantly repeat the same mistakes over and over again.

The risk of loosing one’s job and then finding it difficult to be re-employed is common no matter what the field and often if a company wants to take a risk on a prospective employee that they have not worked with before, they might as well hedge their bet by hiring somebody inexpensive such as a fresh grad.

You can take measures to ensure you remain valuable in the job market, insist that the company pay for at least one professional association membership and at least one industry conference a year. Attend the tutorial sessions and pay the extra $10 for the CEU credits so that you have something to add to your portfolio.

Above all, build up a network of contacts in the industry. It all boils down to relationships and people.

You might want to start with an English course though.

Michael asks…

renewable energy, company’s to invest in?

Windmill Farms answers:

With individual stock investing, green or renewable stocks do not have their own industry group, but are sprinkled in amongst non-green or non-sustainable oriented companies. So you have to go another route in first identifying which companies are green investments and then secondly, determining if they are a “good buy” substantiated by good fundamentals and technicals (a positively trending price).

I found an awesome website called Sustainable Business that has a “Green Stock Watch” list by category. And even more interestingly, a list of what they call the World’s Top Sustainable Business Stocks or the SB20 for the last three years. They also clearly state that the stocks are chosen based on innovations and financials, but that they may not be in a buying position today. I’m so glad they said that.

Which brings me to my second point, because even if the financials are sound you should always check the company stock’s price chart. I would not advise purchasing a stock that is trending downward. Generally, look for a stock that’s price is trending upward, wait for it to pullback and then look for a renewed upward movement with some higher volume.

The good news is that as our culture absorbs socially responsible practices, that generates increased company earnings which in turn, creates healthy stock prices and attractive stock picks. Pretty great stuff.

Betty asks…

tell about renewable and non renewable sources?

uses of both

Windmill Farms answers:

All forms of energy are stored in different ways, in the energy sources that we use every day. These sources are divided into two groups — renewable (an energy source that can be replenished in a short period of time) and nonrenewable (an energy source that we are using up and cannot recreate in a short period of time). Renewable and nonrenewable energy sources can be used to produce secondary energy sources including electricity and hydrogen.

Renewable energy sources include solar energy, which comes from the sun and can be turned into electricity and heat. Wind, geothermal energy from inside the earth, biomass from plants, and hydropower and ocean energy from water are also renewable energy sources.

However, we get most of our energy from nonrenewable energy sources, which include the fossil fuels — oil, natural gas, and coal. They’re called fossil fuels because they were formed over millions and millions of years by the action of heat from the Earth’s core and pressure from rock and soil on the remains (or “fossils”) of dead plants and animals. Another nonrenewable energy source is the element uranium, whose atoms we split (through a process called nuclear fission) to create heat and ultimately electricity. These energy sources are considered nonrenewable because they can not be replenished (made again) in a short period of time. Renewable energy sources can be replenished naturally in a short period of time.

Thomas asks…

what are renewable energy batteries?

I basically want to know the difference between normal batteries and renewable energy batteries.please do help me in finding some more detail regarding renewable energy batteries.

Windmill Farms answers:

Hey Apoorva, you’ve stumbled onto sort of a nonsense term. Allan is quite right, in that batteries are considered primary or secondary, depending on whether they can be recharged and reused again. These terms are used in battery engineering circles, you won’t find someone at the store that understands them. Keni is also correct, a renewable energy battery can only really be called that if it is charged with a renewable energy source. The term, “Renewable Energy Battery,” is a marketing term, it doesn’t mean anything to an engineer. With all the hype today on renewable energy, battery companies have been trying to cash in by throwing terms like this around in their literature and on their websites. Try googling, “Renewable Energy Battery,” you’ll find yourself at battery manufacturer websites like Surette, Trojan, Exide and some others.

The only thing that makes all these batteries common mechanically is that they are true, “Deep Cycle,” batteries. Thirty years ago, batteries that went into cars, trucks, and even buildings were all basically the same, they had thick lead plates immersed in an acid bath. When you took power out, the acid split from the water in the bath and combined with the lead, making a different lead alloy and releasing electrons in the process. When you forced power back into them, the acid was forced out of the lead and back into the liquid. As mileage became important in the 70′s, new lighter weight batteries were needed, and the, “Cranking Battery,” was born. It uses the same chemical properties, but the lead plates are porous, much like a sponge, allowing more surface area between the acid and lead with less weight. This allowed a small battery to put out hundreds of amps for a few seconds, plenty to start the car, then it rode around all day being recharged with nothing better to do. They don’t hold up as well as deep cycle batteries, and can’t withstand deep discharging on a frequent basis, but that doesn’t matter in a car.

Renewable Energy systems don’t need high output capabilities, but they need to withstand thousands of discharge cycles, so they use the old type battery, the thick solid lead plates with plenty of acid bath. They are bigger, more expensive and harder to ship around because of the size and weight, so you pay more for them. The truth is, there are plenty of good batteries out there that can be used for renewable energy storage, my personal favorite is the golf cart battery. It’s designed to be drained once each day, slowly, then recharged each night. Turns out they work great in a solar home, where they charge all day, and drain all night. So many of the battery companies are eager to claim their products are, “Renewable Energy Products,” even if they are really just deep cycle batteries.

Our home has been powered by the wind and sun for almost 10 years now, and the batteries are nothing more than overgrown golf cart batteries. They are called L-16′s, made by Trojan. Their popular T-105 golf cart battery has the exact same structure inside, except the L-16 is 16 inches tall, hence the name. If you trying to learn more about renewable energy, there are some great non profit groups you can get information from, and one magazine as well, Home Power Magazine. It’s the only periodical that gets into the nuts and bolts of growing your own electrons. I will list their address and some other links below. You might also look for Richard Perez’s book at the library, you won’t find a better explanation of batteries in the world. Good luck, and take care…Rudydoo

Mandy asks…

Help with renewable energy resources in France?

I’ve been set a task to find out about renewable energy in France. What do they use most, how long have they been using it for? Stuff like that. Thanks! :-)

Windmill Farms answers:

Use different search engines and different search criteria, each engine has a different algorythm that will produce more of fewer results.

France does use about 75 to 80 percent nuclear power to produce electricity. This has been a statistic that some pro nuclear groups use to try support how safe it is- but no mention of the protests and riots over the waste storage. When was the last time you heard about the fiasco over Germany’s own plans for nuclear waste disposal? And they have a vocal opposition to it as well, and you virtually never hear of it.

I am opposed to nuclear energy myself, Chernobyl saw to that. But short of a failure of equipment on that scale, the US “news media” is heavily filtered and censored, you would never hear of the smaller accidents that happen. And that is what the Pro-nuclear lobby groups are trying to capitalize on. It has been about a generation since that accident, so what else can we expect?

You might get some additional information indirectly, refocus on EU and European Union, those statistics might be more readily found, and would be broken down by member country. Also search the UN website as they sometimes collect that data. Http://www.un.org

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Wind Power Facts

Maria asks…

How is it possible that Japan, being seismic, has 55 nuclear power plants? Is this the last straw?

Why don’t all countries swtich off their nuclear power plants and start using other forms of energy?

This is the limit!

Windmill Farms answers:

And exactly what ‘other forms of energy’ do you recommend? Oil? Coal?

Solar won’t work because of expense and the fact that Japan has too many cloudy days. Wind won’t work because it is too unreliable.

What do you recommend?

James asks…

As companies develop electric powered vehicles what are President Obamas plans to increase the US powergrid?

President Obama plans to get rid of coal plants that produce a lot of power. Solar and wind powerplants are not enough to handle the increase in demand that will needed to sustain and supply the US with enough power.

Windmill Farms answers:

Obama has been a friend to the coal industry – he has no plans to close coal power plants. Just the opposite, in fact. He has announced a large expansion in coal mining operations (see sources below.)
*
Generally, there are two reasons that introducing electric cars won’t appreciably affect the level of power demand in the United States.
*
The first is that electric cars charge overwhelmingly in the evening and at night. Those are off-peak times for power usage, and there’s currently plenty of available capacity (see sources below.)
*
The second reason is that lots of electricity and other energy is used to refine gasoline. About 6 kilowatt-hours of energy for each gallon refined. This is a lot of energy, and in fact, is nearly the same amount that electric cars use for driving. So if gasoline usage decreases at the same time electric car usage increases, there should be very little overall change in electricity demand (while petroleum usage and pollution eventually slows down to nothing.)

Robert asks…

Renewable energy – wind power How much does wind power cost?

I really have no idea how much windmills cost. I was just curious if there is a site somewhere that has costs to be windmills that are maybe like 500kW, 750kW or 1 megawatt producers of electricity? Does anyone know an approximate price or website with pricing for these?

Windmill Farms answers:

I was working in west Texas last year for several months in the middle of thousands of them. I am an engineer so discussed this a lot with engineers building them.

Seems the average cost was about 2 million for 2 megawatts (Very high compared to conventional / nuclear)just for initial capital cost. They work great. Only take 6-8 MPH wind for them to start generating. The power from them is much higher cost primarily due to the high initial cost and the fact that the wind just doesn’t blow all the time so your investment may sit a lot of the time generating nothing. They also require enormous surface area and a large electrical grid compared to conventional.

I like wind power and Solar power, and think we should build more in deserted areas because even though the power is more expensive, it reduces emissions and reduces our dependence on foreign oil. It cannot provide the huge amount of cheap reliable 24/7 alternative energy we need (Only Nuclear can do that), but it will help.

Ken asks…

can i use an automobile alternator as a turbine in which to produce wind powered electricity?

if so how much power could i expect one alternator to produce?

Windmill Farms answers:

You are mixing up what an alternator and turbine are…turbines and generators/alternators are not the same device…THEY ARE SEPARATE DEVICES. Do not let the fact that they are shaft-coupled fool you.

The turbine is nothing more than a device used to convert energy of a fluid flow stream into mechanical shaft work. There are no electrical parts that are key ingredients to making a turbine work. The turbine is just a set of blades on a shaft with a connection to a fluid stream.

The generator (or alternator)…(thermodynamics isn’t really concerned with the difference)…is the component which converts the shaft’s mechanical work into electrical energy.

So, strictly speaking, you CANNOT “use an automobile alternator as a turbine” because it doesn’t have any blades or whatnot to interact with a fluid.

You need a turbine to act as a turbine. Or maybe a pneumatic cylinder turboexpandor, which is one of the strokes of the automobile by the way.

You can MECHANICALLY COUPLE a turbine with an automobile alternator…but you cannot “use an automobile alternator as a turbine”.

“How much power” could you expect the system to produce depends on the details of your ENERGY SUPPLY. What IS your energy supply?

John asks…

How long would it take to put in an alternative energy grid around our country?

How much would it cost and could you power a national monorail system with it? I think we have to do something to help wean people off of oil. Our government and corporations don’t seem to care. Is it possible to fund something like this through other sorces other than government and how would you do it?

Windmill Farms answers:

I don’t think an alternative energy grid around the country is the answer.

That would simply substitute one huge infrastructure, with all the government regulations and bottlenecks for the one that already exists. It would also require the government to invoke eminent domain in a massive way to the harm of many individuals.

Power grids and their associated infrastructures are very expensive to build. This excuses government in granting monopoly status to them (to justify the expenditure of capital) and, once they are built, there is an enormous inertia that blocks innovation and alternatives.

I think building an alternative energy grid would compound the problem, not resolve it.

I also believe that energy grids, such as the electric power grids, are inherently unstable and too easy a target for terrorists or others to attack and cause disruption of services throughout enormous areas and millions of people.

I think it would be far more preferable to develop a system where, to the extent possible, each household and each building is self-sustaining, through a combination of solar and wind power.

That would leave the power grids to provide back-up. In fact, during non-peak hours, these self-sustaining properties could feed power back into the grid, for which the power companies will have to pay them.

I have not done the research, but I believe the technology should be out there to do this.

I also believe that it won’t be too long before builders who want to have an advantage in the market place, start to incorporate passive and active solar and wind power into the homes they are building. Buyers will pay a higher price for a property that does not consume electricity, but produces its own.

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Is Wind Power Green Energy

Richard asks…

GREEN ENERGY IN THE UK.?

I thought if you wanted green energy etc you should vote for the GREEN PARTY…

But the green party is not a popular party, at this moment in time, it’s a minority party..

So why on earth have the colition implented green energy across the UK at the wrong times aswell..

Surely if green energy was SO POPULAR the green party would be in power !!!

It turns out a majority of Brits want nuclear energy..regardless of what happened in japan but they do.

So why have the goverment denied the majority.. and forced this unwanted green energy upon us ?

my bills are SORING and i have tripple A applaiances !!! it makes NO DIFFERANCE.

Windmill Farms answers:

There is more than one policy that people vote for, not just environment and green energy. The Greens might not have any other policies such as for tax, employment, defence, foreign affairs, transport, police, health etc etc or worse still they do (you should read some of the policies the Greens have in other countries, they’re very scary :) As a minority party the Greens know they aren’t going to reach power but in some circumstances can have the deciding vote in parliament if there is no clear winner in an election.

And Japan has been hyped up. Its amazing no one remembers the 20,000 dead from the earthquakle and tsunami but everyone remebers Fukushima Nuclear plant that killed no one.

It is interesting to note that France, being 79% nuclear, has the lowest greenhouse gas emissions per person in Europe (as well as cheapest electricity) and Denmark which is leading the way with wind technology (20% wind) has the highest greenhouse gas emissions per person. Since introducing nuclear power in France the air pollution has been reduced fivefold.

Nuclear power plants helped avoid 90 percent of all carbon emissions averted in the U.S. Energy sector between 1981 and 1994. One coal power station of 1GWe emits about 6 million tons of CO2 per year while nuclear is almost CO2 free (not including indirect CO2 emissions which is comparable to renewables). In the U.S. 104 nuclear reactors annually prevent emissions of 682 million tons of CO2. Worldwide, over 400 power reactors reduce CO2 emissions by 2 billion metric tons a year. Nuclear plants offer a clean alternative to fossil-fuel plants.

Annual waste from one typical reactor could fit in the bed of a standard pickup and the retired fuel from 50 years of U.S. Reactor operation could fit in a single football field; it amounts to 77,000 tons. A large coal-fired plant produces ten times as much solid waste in one day, much of it hazardous to health. We discard 179,000 tons of batteries annually–they contain toxic heavy metals.

Carol asks…

How can I make my own wind turbine?

I am looking to go green. I want to make my own wind turbine. I live in a big city. I own a house and an apartment. I would like to harness the power of the wind and maybe the sun. I have some questions I hope someone could give me answers to.

1. What all would I need to make a wind turbine?

2. Could I make one big enough to go into my back yard or on my roof that would power my 4 bedroom house and maybe charge batteries to power my apartment?

3. What green energy can I install on either residence?

I am tired of paying high electricity bills and with summer coming around I would really like some relief..as I am sure everyone would. Any help or advice would be greatly appreciated. Thanks in advance for all educated responses. Much love and peace.

Windmill Farms answers:

As Kermit said, “It’s not easy being green”. Furthermore, it is rarely cheap and it is often anything but green.

If you are seriously interested in making a green statement and saving money in the long-term, I suggest that you consult professional consulting engineers about the possibility of running your house on “heat pump technology” (described below) and photovoltaic panels.

Once a house or apartment is built, it can be difficult and expensive to make it more energy efficient. About all that you can do is install triple-glazed windows, and insulate the wall cavities and ceiling space with non-toxic but effective insulating materials. You can also replace your old inefficient appliances with more efficient versions. Energy consumption can be reduced by not lighting empty rooms and not heating or cooling empty rooms. In the summer, you can shade the windows so that the sun does not shine on them.

Installing devices like solar hot water systems is an effective ploy but it does take several years to recover the capital cost of installing the system. Furthermore, it is not necessarily very green as a lot of energy is used to manufacture the system.

A very green and effective system is the “heat pump” system. There is a massive amount of heat energy stored in the air of the ceiling space of a house and in the ground around the house as well as in the air around the outside of the house. This heat energy can be used to provide both heating and cooling. Only a small amount of electrical energy is needed to run the fans and pumps. You could use photovoltaic panels or wind turbines to produce this electrical energy but wind turbines are expensive to buy but factory made versions are better and cheaper than are ones that are made at home by unskilled people. Furthermore, many local councils will not permit large wind turbines to be built on residential land because they are an eyesore and are very noisy.

I have known of many people who have converted their houses into energy oases by doing the work themselves but they have been people with a track record of being able to do the work and do it quickly and correctly. Do you have the time, the tools, the knowledge, the skills, the workshop space and the money to quickly convert your house into an energy oasis? If you cannot answer “yes” to all of these questions, you might be best advised to start by doing the simple things like switching-off appliances and lights that are not needed. I saw one house that was converted to an energy efficient one so effectively that energy consumption was reduced by 90% without the occupants have to have cold showers and freeze in the dark after eating raw food — it can be done and thank you for showing an interest in doing it.

William asks…

How can energy be produced?

I know energy cannot be produced just hear me out. :P

All I wish to know is different ways you can provide energy, without using fossil fuels and without creating an emission or something. Preferably avoiding the production of radiation but I guess that problem could be fixed. I’m not sure if any source of energy with the properties I have described exists but I’d like to figure out a way to get past that problem, even though I’m probably not the best person to do it… :P

Windmill Farms answers:

The most “green” energy source: food and muscle power.

Solar energy only makes pollution when the machines are made. Many years before the energy used to make them, is returned as usable power.

Wind energy only makes pollution when the machines are made. A little hard on birds.

Similarly tide energy makes little pollution.

Geothermal pollutes.

Biodiesel only burns what plants have recently collected from the air and ground… So its pollution is presumably net zero.

Hydroelectric ends up being built on fault lines (because that is where rivers run) which causes earthquakes, and they starve the rivers below them (and finally the ocean).

Nuclear makes little pollution, but what it does make we do not process into usable isotopes, so it is intractable.

Joseph asks…

WHY DOES GREEN ENERGY COST SO MUCH GREEN MONEY? IS IT HYPE to sell items?

How do you feel about GOV subsidies for things like farms, businesses and pet projects?

One expensive investment is ALT energy — the money require to set up – plus the higher price of the product EXCEEDS the value ot the product

Is green Energy Co$t effective – after gov subsidies are incl?

NO — often it is not effective.

EXAMPLE::::
AN electric car takes hours to charge (electricity costs money) and you get to drive about 30 miles — then it takes hours to charge it again

TO buy a hybrid car cost around $30,000 to $40,000 and you may save a few miles per gallon

SOLAR COST: Based on the lowest current panel prices of $7 a watt, you would be looking at an initial cost of about $77000.

THIS ALT ENERGY IS NOT CHEAP AT ALL

WIND POWER:
That means a 10 kilowatt machine (the size needed to power an average home) might cost $35,000-$50,000 to set up.

YES IT MAY BE GOV FUNDED OR GOV SUBSIDIZED — just toss that cost on the top BECAUSE
tax payers pay for that out of the taxes
pulled out of their paychecks

THAT MAKES THIS COSTLY FIASCO – even worst!

.

Windmill Farms answers:

Fossil fuel is subsidized, too – far more, it turns out. In fact, fossil fuel gets about six times the subsidies that clean energy gets – see article:
*

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-11-09/fossil-fuels-got-more-aid-than-clean-energy-iea.html

*
Sadly, we live in a world where everything is subsidized – all forms of transportation, airports, railroads, public transportation, petroleum, all live on government subsidies. So no new form of energy or new transportation can compete without getting subsidies, too.
*
The best solution is for all the subsidies to stop. In such a world, gasoline (which gets about $400 billion in annual government subsidies worldwide) would be a few dollars per gallon more expensive.
*
Electric and alternative cars would compete much better on this level playing field.

Laura asks…

Is Green Energy and the War on Global Warming proactive or reactive?

Proactive meaning that expensive energy is our future (wind and solar without dams, nuclear, hydrocarbons) or reactive about cheap energy with irrational fear and emotion over the pollution.

Thankfully he is not reaching for quick fixes like the last Bush did or is he?

Windmill Farms answers:

Wind power has been tried in Europe. The result is unsightly wind farms full of turbines that broke down constantly and never really generated much power.

Like the wind farm in California the only serve to slaughter migratory birds.

Of course it would make a lot of money for GE, you know the company that owns MSNBC…Obama’s own propaganda channel.

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Uses Of Wind Energy In Rural Areas

Chris asks…

How we saving our planet…?????10 p?

-life in 50 year’s time(what will it be like?)
-the end of oil(what will happen?)
-alternative energy sources (will they be enough?)
-pollution(can we stop it?)
-our lifestyle(will people change?) …
I have to write a text of 100 words,can you help me???10 p

Windmill Farms answers:

Unless population growth is not checked problem will be most complicated.There will be scarcity of basic amenities like food,shelter,clothes.,Area and hence natural resources can not be extended.
But source of energy may be solved with discovery of oil sources and utilisation of wind energy,solar energy etc.More nuclear power stations may be installed.To check the growth of populaton there should be free distribution of TVsets in rural areas of populous nations to divert the mind to television.
Pollution and green house effect will remain a major concern unless there is optimal production and use of all articles.If we every individual try to use every items and dispose it off and repurchase at a cheap price there will be huge production of all items and erotion of natural resources and earth crust ultimately.Also sound and enviromental pollution for using huge articles.
But the more use of internet and telephone will reduce the use of paper and vehicles and reduce the polution.

Sandra asks…

Will there be alternative fuels in the future as well as electric cars?

The reason I ask is because I live in a rural area and a fuel source such as biofuel, hydrogen, etc. would do me better than an electric car.

Windmill Farms answers:

There are many options for alternative fuels outside of urban areas, but all fuels must come from an energy source and ultimately that is the sun except for some volcanic based geothermal, tidal and nuclear energy all of which may be more difficult to use in a rural environment.

Hydro, Wind, Solar PV, bio-feedstocks and some geothermal are all derived from the sun. The most direct sources of power from the sun tend to be the most efficient. The most efficient transfer of energy tends to be electricity. But you could also use Wind to compress air. You could use the electricity from solar panels or a parabolic concentrating solar generator to produce hydrogen. You could use that sunlight to grow crops and then produce methane from a bio-digester. You also might grow crops and make either ethanol or bio-diesel.

But any vehicle that stores energy on the vehicle will have a limited range. So perhaps more important than producing your own energy is what will be generally available at some distance so that you could increase your travel range.

Hydrogen is highly polluting in its production from fossil fuels and 96% of hydrogen is produced from fossil fuels because this is the cheapest and most efficient method. But there is a huge push by petrochemical interests for this fuel. It is likely we will be forced into this decision.

Bio fuels are presently popular but anyplace we could make biofuels could be used for food production. This tends to limit this as a future choice. The US military seems to favor biofuels however because they are a true alternative to petrochemicals and therefore potentially a more secure option. This may push some availability.

Like electricity, compressed air is possible but would require far more infrastructure and this tends to degrade this as an option. There are also sever efficiency issues if heat is not re used.

Like it or not Electricity is a strong option. There are approximately 160,000 plug in vehicles in the US. Http://www.pluginamerica.org/ No other alternative comes even close. There is some existing infrastructure which is rapidly being built out. It will build from high density areas into more rural areas and eventually you can expect a complete network.

Mark asks…

Exam tommorow . . .?

what are the causes of polloution and how can it be reduced? That is one of my questions for my mock GCSE exam in humanities but im not sure on it any one know?

Thanks
x

Windmill Farms answers:

There are several different types of pollution:
air, noise and visual pollution.

Air pollution = emissions from vehicles and power stations
Noise pollution = Aircraft flying overhead etc
Visual pollution = Think along the lines of tourism for this one, so Benidorm for example in Spain where theres overdevelopment of hotels and high-density buildings. Visual pollution could also refer to derelict buildings in an area.

It can be reduced by installing catalytic converters in cars, using modern eco-friendly cars, finding alternatives to buring fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas e.g using wind power, tidal power, solar energy from solar panels installed in homes

In order to reduce visual pollution – it requires careful planning and consultation of urban and rural areas, in particular so that small villages do not lose their sense of character.

Encourage park ‘n’ ride schemes in city centres, and car sharing, toll charges e.g in London to deter ppl from using their cars. Encourage the use of public transport.

Mandy asks…

Need some Chemistry ideas?

What are some advances in materials that have led to some of the new alternative energy or green techologies?

Windmill Farms answers:

Your question was not clear.is it advances or advantages?
By the way I have an idea about advantages.

The Advantages of Green Energy seem obvious:
- Green energy is clean and can slow the effects of global warming by reducing CO2 emissions.
- Green energy is renewable unlike the natural gas and coal that are our primary sources now.
- It requires less maintenance that conventional equipment. Although the initial investment may be high, the long term savings would be significant.
- It can provide economic benefits to certain areas. For example, the leasing of land for wind farms could provide economic relief to many rural areas.

There are a few disadvantages that critics can point to.
- we have no control over the weather. The wind must blow and the sun must shine to use wind and solar technologies.
- The type of green energy used is to some degree determined by the geographic location, particularly for energies such as hydrothermal or geothermal.
- Some have even objected on aesthetic grounds, objecting to the site of a wind farm off shore.

James asks…

can anyone help me with my paper tomorrow?

i need information on wind energy and i couldnt find much about it. anyone know anything about it? can you help me?

Windmill Farms answers:

ENERGY FROM WIND

Wind is simple air in motion. It is caused by the uneven heating of the earth’s surface by the sun. Since the earth’s surface is made of very different types of land and water, it absorbs the sun’s heat at different rates.

During the day, the air above the land heats up more quickly than the air over water. The warm air over the land expands and rises, and the heavier, cooler air rushes in to take its place, creating winds. At night, the winds are reversed because the air cools more rapidly over land than over water.

In the same way, the large atmospheric winds that circle the earth are created because the land near the earth’s equator is heated more by the sun than the land near the North and South Poles.

Today, wind energy is mainly used to generate electricity. Wind is called a renewable energy source because the wind will blow as long as the sun shines.

The History of Wind

Since ancient times, people have harnessed the winds energy. Over 5,000 years ago, the ancient Egyptians used wind to sail ships on the Nile River. Later, people built windmills to grind wheat and other grains. The earliest known windmills were in Persia (Iran). These early windmills looked like large paddle wheels. Centuries later, the people of Holland improved the basic design of the windmill. They gave it propeller-type blades, still made with sails. Holland is famous for its windmills.

American colonists used windmills to grind wheat and corn, to pump water, and to cut wood at sawmills. As late as the 1920s, Americans used small windmills to generate electricity in rural areas without electric service. When power lines began to transport electricity to rural areas in the 1930s, local windmills were used less and less, though they can still be seen on some Western ranches.

The oil shortages of the 1970s changed the energy picture for the country and the world. It created an interest in alternative energy sources, paving the way for the re-entry of the windmill to generate electricity. In the early 1980s wind energy really took off in California, partly because of state policies that encouraged renewable energy sources. Support for wind development has since spread to other states, but California still produces more than twice as much wind energy as any other state.

The first offshore wind park in the United States is planned for an area off the coast of Cape Cod, Massachusetts (read an article about the Cape Cod Wind Project).

HOW WIND MACHINES WORK
Like old fashioned windmills, today’s wind machines use blades to collect the wind’s kinetic energy. Windmills work because they slow down the speed of the wind. The wind flows over the airfoil shaped blades causing lift, like the effect on airplane wings, causing them to turn. The blades are connected to a drive shaft that turns an electric generator to produce electricity.

With the new wind machines, there is still the problem of what to do when the wind isn’t blowing. At those times, other types of power plants must be used to make electricity.

TYPES OF WIND MACHINES
There are two types of wind machines used today: horizontal–axis wind machines and vertical-axis wind machines. Most windmills are the horizontal-axis type. One wind machine can produce 1.5 to 4.0 million kilowatthours (kWh) of electricity a year. That is enough electricity for to power 150-400 homes.

Horizontal-axis

Horizontal-axis wind machines have blades like airplane propellers. A typical horizontal wind machine stands as tall as a 20-story building and has three blades that span 200 feet across. The largest wind machines in the world have blades longer than a football field! Wind machines stand tall and wide to capture more wind.

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Wind Energy Facts For Kids

Jenny asks…

Should Australia have a Carbon Tax?

What are your opinions and explain why. This is for help with a debate.
The debate question is “Australia Should have a Carbon Tax”
I need ideas for both sides

Windmill Farms answers:

There is way too much hysteria being created over this and it’s mainly due to the opposition leader Tony Abbott and the tax’s ridiculous coverage in mainstream media like News Corp papers and talkback radio. Be calm, look at the facts.

Climate change is man-made. This is not up for discussion. The only people who have authority on this issue are the researchers who have spent the last few decades studying the planet’s climate. For some strange reason the average person seems to think they’re scientists, saying they don’t think humans cause climate change, or that they don’t think the planet is getting warmer — where are these people’s credentials?

It’s not their fault though. No one has been kind enough to explain how we know for certain that we are the cause of climate change. But let me have a crack: of the causes contributing to the heating of the planet (and make no mistake – it is heating), the only thing to increase in direct relation to the temperature is CO2. It’s not the sun getting hotter or water vapour or anything like that. How do we know? Because we have measured both of the 2 layers that make our atmosphere. These are the troposphere which is closest to the Earth’s surface, and the thinner outer layer called the stratosphere. The troposphere is getting warmer, but the stratosphere which is closer to the sun is actually getting cooler. It’s not a natural cycle.

So we know that we need to do something about it.

It’s common to hear ‘why should Australia be the first country to put a price on carbon’ or ‘what about China and India’. Well, we wouldn’t be the first. South Korea, Costa Rica, many European nations, parts of the US and Canada already price carbon. Sweden has had a tax on carbon since 1990 and their economy continued to grow unhindered since that time.

It is China and India’s right to lift their people out of poverty into a middle class but guess what? India has a price on carbon and it’s on the table in China too.

The tax is not designed to make us use less energy as consumers. The idea is to push the energy industry to change their operations and deliver us the same power and resources but through sustainable means. The government is giving us hand-outs to compensate for increased prices. Those who earn more will go without compensation, but I personally guarantee that no one reading this will go hungry or end up on the streets as a result of the tax. In fact I bet you’ll still be able to afford holidays and other luxuries.

What about jobs? Polluting industries will be compensated to smooth the transition into the tax, while they work out how to adjust. Even with talk of the MRRT and now carbon tax, expenditure in the mining sector went up by 58% between 09/10 to 10/11. If you need another indicator, look at Gina Rinehart’s personal wealth which doubled from 5 billion to 10.3 billion in the last 12 months. Listen to these words carefully: the mining industry is in no danger of slowing down. They know it, they’re just feigning projected job-loss so they can increase their pay packages by the millions.

A lot of kids leave school in year 10, learn a trade, and head over to WA to work the mines or to a power station. This will still happen. But as renewable energy becomes more competitive in the marketplace, tradies and engineers will train with the goal of working for a wind or wave or solar energy company instead as the jobs in these sectors boom. Entrepreneurs will start new companies in green energy which will be a source of thousands of jobs. It will probably take a good generation, but eventually we will see renewable energy as of equal importance to our economy.

Here’s another plus of moving ‘ahead of the pack’. We have developed a butt-load of new technology because of the mining boom. For example, those trapped miners in Chile were rescued with technology developed right here in Australia. We have the chance to develop green technology here and sell it to the rest of the world.

Our planet only needs to heat up by another 2-3 degrees for food supplies to be drastically affected. We need to fix up our own backyard rather than following the US or China or Europe. Other nations will look to Australia’s lead for a change.

Please, don’t think of this as a political issue. This is not socialism. Australia never has and never will be Communist. Former Republican presidents in the US have warned about and made steps to act on global warming. Conservative British PM David Cameron has long been in favour or taxing carbon. Julia Gillard may not be the best PM, but Tony Abbott is duping the electorate into rallying against the tax by single-handedly turning the climate into a political football.

Lisa asks…

How familiar are you with using solar electricity to power a residential house?

I was wondering how much the average person knows about using the suns energy to power the average residential home…

Do you know of any countries that already use the sun to power homes?

please tell me where you are from as well please…

thankyou!

Windmill Farms answers:

Hey 0077, to answer your primary question, I am quite familiar with solar power. We’ve been powering our home from the wind and sun for 11 years now, and for the last 5 or 6 years, we’ve been going into the local schools and doing seminars on the subject. In some cases, the schools have loaded a bus with kids and brought them out to our home to see it first hand. As for your second question, the average homeowner knows about as much about solar power as they do about the furnace in their basement. Unfortunately, this is where the technology has fallen down. Lots of people want to build a new home, and talk to the builder about solar power. Frequently they are told, “Solar doesn’t work,” or, “Solar is prohibitively expensive.” Generally this is all they need to hear, and the panels are taken off the house plan.

Solar is not for everyone, or everyplace. Just because a home has solar panels does not mean they don’t have an electric bill, and that says nothing to the fact that a stand alone solar home that does not have access to utility power has to live with a finite amount of electricity. What do they do on a cloudy week? Most stand alone homes, like ours was, use both wind and solar. The reason for this is that the two compliment each other quite well. In the summer, we have long sunny days, but little wind. In the fall and winter, we have short cloudy days, and high winds. When you have a shortage of one, there is generally a surplus of the other. Trying to decide between the two technologies is like trying to decide between a 3 passenger pickup truck and an 8 passenger van as your sole family car. Each has its advantages, but it probably makes sense for a two car family to have one of each.

There is also the fact that lots of people like to grow their own tomatoes, even if it is cheaper to buy them at the market. They have to learn all about watering, bugs, soil ph and weeding. People who live in a solar powered home have a similar curse, they can tell you just how much sun shined last November, and how much power the stereo uses down to the last watthour. Any self respecting homeowner wouldn’t bother with the solar power, or the tomatoes, they would simply buy vegetables at the store, and electricity from the power company, and then sit home and complain about the price and quality of each. That used to be me, now I’m the other guy.

So no, the average homeowner does not know much about solar power, or furnaces. Most homes have furnaces, not many have solar panels. I wish they had both. In the 11 years we have had both, I can tell you that once solar power is installed, it is generally care free. We are on our third wind turbine here, and even though the last one is working better than the first two, it has had its moments. It has shut down 3 times, and had to be repaired twice. In all that time, my first solar panel has continued to make electricity, and I’ve never turned a screw on it or added a drop of oil. Yet, everyone I talk to about renewable energy wants to learn more about wind turbines it seems. They are neat, they move, they seem to have their own personality. They just require tall towers and routine maintenance. So does a car, and almost everyone has one of those too.

Many countries use solar power, almost all of them in fact, you just never hear about it, or see the panels in service. In the US alone there are over 100,000 homes and businesses using some level of solar power right now to operate at least some of their loads. That number is getting bigger as you read this by the way. I’ll list some sources you can check out below if you want to learn more. Take care 0077, Rudydoo

Robert asks…

What are greyhounds like to keep as pes? Are they good with kids. I know they arent good with cats?

Windmill Farms answers:

I am a greyhound adoption volunteer and foster parent and have been around many different ages and types of greys. My family currently has three of our own dogs and a four year old skin kid. We’ve never had a problem bringing a greyhound into our home, but we always supervise the child around the dogs.

We live in an urban area (we’re in a condo) and have a fairly large network of greyt friends in the area. Some of our friends live happily with cats. Some are happy being ‘only’ dogs. We have a playgroup that meets at a local dog park a couple of times a month, but many/most of the greys in our area get the majority of their excersise through leash walking.

Retired racing greyhounds are very low energy, low maintenance dogs. They have been nicknamed the ’45mph couch potato’ because they sleep 18-20 hours per day. Greys are sprinters – they have short bursts of energy and then they need to recuperate. The are a single coated short-haired breed who shed minimally(usually only seasonally). This means that they need coats in winter if you are in an area that gets cold. This also means that they cannot live outdoors.Greys are very quiet, they rarely bark.

Racing greyhounds are usually retired between 2-5 years of age. Greys are handled every day of their lives, from farm to training facility to racetrack so they are very docile, submissive dogs. A retired racer will always look to humans for leadership. They are taught leash manners and are easy to walk. They are crate trained, which translates very well into housebreaking. Contrary to popular belief the majority of racing greyhounds are treated very well during their careers (I can send you photos of a recent birthday party held in a racing kennel for one of the pups) and the majority (95-97%) retire to either the breeding shed or as pets. There are many adoption groups across the country who are working hard to make that number 100% in the near future.

Bringing a greyhound into your home can present some challenges. A dog coming straight from a track may never have seen mirrors, hardwood floors or stairs before. They have never had people touch them while they are asleep, and they never had any humans or dogs disturb them while they eat. They also may never have met other breeds of dogs. Most dogs adapt very well to living in a home and do it in a very short period of time.

Greyhounds are sighthounds. They can see a rabbit 1/2 mile away – and they were bred to be fast enough to catch that rabbit. For this reason they cannot be off leash unless they are in a fenced enclosure. When something (squirrel, rabbit, cat, plastic bag blowing in the wind) catches their eye they often react instinctually, even with the best of obedience training. Because they move so fast (45mph) very often a loose greyhound is a dead greyhound. They also do not do well on runs or retractable leashes – greys have broken their neck by trying to take off and being stopped. Their rate of acceleration is really awesome.

As to health problems, it is not true that they have hip problems. In fact greyhounds are the only large breed that does not suffer from hip dysplasia. This is because they have been bred exclusively for competition, not for looks. Musculo-skeletar imperfectsion DO NOT get bred on period. They also have a longer lifespan than many other large breeds, averaging 12-14 years. Some dogs retire with injuries and these dogs may be prone to arthritis as they age, but your adoption group would be able to tell you about specific problems that may come with the dog you acquire. It is true that greyhounds (and all sighthounds) are susceptible to complications from anasthesia. This is because there low body fat ratio means that when the anasthesia has been applied it effects them much sooner and they don’t need as much as your average breed.

For more information about the breed, or to find an adoption group in your area check out http://www.greyhoundpets.org . If you want more specific information please feel free to e-mail me.

Betty asks…

Why is society and humanity such a festering, stinking, disgusting piece of utter sh!t?

We live in a world where someone will walk into an elementary school and gun kids down, we live in a world where banks give themselves millions in bonuses while the rest of us get our pensions and retirements taken away. I live in a country where most of the jobs are shipped to China so that some fat, piece of crap CEO can pay the sweat shop slaves lower wages, and sell people low quality crap. We live in a world where everyone is obsessed with Iphones, but did you know the shops in China actually have suicide nets around the building to stop workers from jumping off the building to commit suicide because they live and work in such horrible conditions making your oh so precious Iphone?
Also, the justice system is a joke in my country, we have the biggest population of prisoners compared to any other country, and most of them aren’t even felons, just someone who smoked weed or didn’t pay a parking ticket, yet the prisons are flooded with them, want to know why? because big mega banks invest in prisons and make money off of people going to jail, it’s called “for profit prisons” look it up.

Oh and real love and respect doesn’t exist anymore by the way, it’s all about casual sex, hookups, one night stands….etc, just absolute moral decay, nothing sacred and true anymore. Everything is about lies, deceit, fraud, shallowness and bullshit.
I could go on all day listing all the things that are wrong with this society, and no it’s not because i’m negative or a pessimist, it’s because in a very real sense, the bad outweighs the good in this world. It’s just the cold hard truth, there is more bad stuff happening in this world right now than there is good.
hoovarted: Oh so i’m bad and wrong because I don’t like rich elite banks destroying the middle class? that’s my problem? and am I also bad and wrong because I don’t like a culture that revolves around materialism instead of knowledge? Please, go on, I can tell you want to turn this around on me to make a joke of me but it’s not gonna happen buddy.
Bro: That’s funny, my mental state is the exact opposite to that of someone who smoked weed. They are calm and relaxed, I am pissed and aggressive.
EP: “Ignorance is bliss” – I am not ignorant, I pay attention to and engage in the world around me, only to find, surprise surprise, it kind of sucks. And no, i’m sorry but I refuse to go off in my own little happy world in my head just because its uncomfortable to deal with the truth.
EP: You seem to be focusing more on the fact that i’m unhappy with this stuff, instead of whats actually making me unhappy. Let me put it to you like this, if I was pissed off because my shower stopped working or my TV broke, it would be ridiculous of me to try and spread that unhappiness to other people because my shower and TV really have nothing to do with them and does not effect their lives in any profound way. But if banks are setting up real estate and mortgage frauds for thousands of people across the U.S., that’s not just my problem, thats everybody’s problem. I would be right to spread my distaste and unhappiness about it, so that something can be done to change it, especially if everyone else doesn’t seem to care or notice and is letting themselves get scammed and used. It’s not about my opinion, it’s about basic human rights.
EP: So basically what you’re saying is, if it’s not happening to you, who gives a crap. Even if someones human rights are being violated, if it aint happening to you, who cares right? If your neighbors were being rounded up and being put in concentration camps, its not you so who cares, it’s their misery not yours. Your mom gets cancer? not me so I don’t care. Give me a break. That’s a great excuse if you want to be a lazy, selfish excuse for a human.
Some things you can’t change and there is no use getting worked up about it, but others it is your duty to contribute and change for the benefit of everyone including yourself. Hate to break it to you but life is not just about you and your pleasure.
EP: I am miserable because I WANT the world to be a fair and just place, and the fact that it’s not upsets me. I don’t like misery for the sake of misery.

Windmill Farms answers:

Recognizing that there is something terribly wrong in this world, is the first and big step in making a difference. THERE IS NOTHING WRONG WITH YOU. In fact, I totally understand where you’re coming from, and I respect the fact that you are aware, that WE, as human beings, deserve so much BETTER.

People are programmed to believe that this world we live in is NATURAL, and nothing can ever be done. You can’t really blame them. The world has been this way for such a long time. They don’t even realize that, WE, the people, have the true power to actually change things and make this world a much better place with NO ONE left behind.

Have you ever wondered why the good things in this world are deprived from the middle class to low class people? Take electric cars and hybrid vehicles for example. These vehicles are good for the environment, and the overall health of the people. However, they are practically hardly even affordable to the majority of people. In fact, why not just make all vehicles electric/hybrid, instead of relying on gas? Because by doing so, gas companies lose profit. The same goes for solar energies, wind energies, wave energies etc. In this world, you need scarcity to make money. Therefore, poverty is necessary for the economy, because for a very long time, NOT becoming poor had been the ultimate incentive of human beings. Because of this we become greedy and are forced to do selfish things.

But it doesn’t even have to be that way. If human beings were to live as equals, NOT DRIVEN BY COMPETITION, then our incentive would be working as one, and making this world a better place, not just for OURSELVES, but for each other. We learn to unite as the way it’s should have been and should be.

Anyway, I don’t want to be the one to “preach”. I still believe in humanity. It’s gonna take some time, but it’s because of people like yourself, who is actually brave enough to question the reality of things, that makes me believe that revolution is possible. Do not lose hope. In fact, use this desire for justice to fuel your passion in changing the world.

If you truly are determine to find the answers, then I recommend watching this documentary.
I promise you it will open your eyes, mind, and heart. Http://youtu.be/guXirzknYYE

Good luck on your journey!

P.S If you do decide to watch the video, I would be very much interested in hearing your thoughts on it, so please, do leave me a message when you can :) If not, no worries. I totally respect that.

Daniel asks…

Why is everyone yapping about nuclear energy being dangerous?

Now you can already see these massive protests in Germany. How many have died from nuclear power this year or last year? How about deaths from lung cancer & lung damage caused by burning coal & gasoline? 2 million per year? Shall we count respiratory diseases too? How about methylmercury in fish? I don’t eat tuna anymore. That’s how poisonous it is. It’s not radioactive. It’s neuropoisonous. Mercury levels will increase 2x in the next 50 years and then certain fish will be banned from consumption. Say goodbye to longtail tuna (thunnus tonggol). Godspeed! Zai jian! Zai jian!

When was the last time you were dangerously exposed to radiation? I was born two years after Chernobyl and x-rays are safe, so nevah! Most of us will never be, yet you’re breathing polluted air right now. Hell, you’re even breathing fecal bacterias from the toilet that are floating in the air. Even if you live on the countryside, the wind is blowing pollution from big cities, highways & industrial areas every possible day. When was the last time wind blew some radioactive decay towards you? Hell, you’re probably getting some wind from the landfill of a thousand decomposing banana peels & tampons.

Don’t be an ignorant green hippy. It’s impossible to raise enough money to build enough wind & solar farms that would replace all nuclear & coal power plants, and neither is geothermal power the answer due to CO2, methane & hydrogen sulfide emissions. Then the air would smell like egg farts. Lol. What’s that? Wave power? Well that’s just expensive and not advanced enough. It’s way too easy to dump in loads of money in a project and build something. Nuclear is an established technology that makes good investments! Yeah, Trina Solar (TSL) is a good stock if you went in it in 2009, but until nuclear fusion reactors start producing more energy than they consume, we will have to use something that is very efficient & cheaper cause then the poor will complain over bills. Rich richer, poor poorer isn’t the future. Nuclear is :D

Yeah, nuclear power is dangerous but statistically it’s one of the safest. Wind turbines kill bats & god forbid if the safety system fails and they launch an ice bomb towards you in winter. Open your eyes. Statistics & fact-checking is really amazing. Look. In Britain alcohol kills more people than illegal drugs combined, sports kill more kids than school shootings and tweety the bird is actually a male. Lol. Statistically ecstasy is safer than guinness, so pop a pill on the next holiday :D at least you’ll remember the night and you won’t have a hangover.

Don’t listen to what Greenfreaks or Friends of the Earth have to say about nuclear. You don’t have to agree with someone that scares you with scary facts while they can’t understand science themselves. They even said to the president of Zambia that donated GM corn is poisonous and he refused to import the aid! Maybe people need to see a documentary with a nuclear physicist Jim Al-khalili instead of being frightened & paranoid of uranium. Nuclear is green enough, so let ur leightbalb shain bay da powah of yuraniem :D What’s the power level? Over 9000!

When there’s still coal used, is there any other reason not to use nuclear? Nuclear waste? Well radioactivity will diminish over time. Will methylmercury disappear from the seas and make tuna safe to eat? Now I eat low-mercury fish that I haven’t heard of before. What are japanese going to eat beside rice shaped like hello kitty?

Windmill Farms answers:

It’s like the frog-in-boiling-water analogy.

Coal and other fossil fuels cause damage slowly, so people don’t even notice the change. Chernobyl was a major disaster, so people panicked.
Nuclear disasters make for more exciting movies than slow poisoning does, so it’s easier to stir up uninformed popular opinion.

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Renewable Energy

William asks…

what are renewable energy sources?

what is the exact break down of a renewable energy source? J.A

Windmill Farms answers:

A renewable energy source is one that is not dependent on a finite supply of energy, like our fossil fuels (oil and natural gas). In that sense, they are sustainable and can last indefinitely, and are really the ideal solution to our declining oil reserves.

Some types of renewable energies I’ve heard about are:

Solar – capturing the sun’s energy via photovoltaic panels. These are effective especially on tops of buildings or deserts where there is no life.

Wind – the turbines on windy hills especially. The drawback is that they are dangerous to birds.

Geothermal – Where the deep earth is heating water from magma.

Waves – I think this is theoretical, but somehow the energy from wave motion could be captured.

Tidal – Capturing energy from coastal areas between low and high tides.

Ethanol – Using the sunlight captured by plants such as corn and converting their fruit (corn kernels) into energy products

Hydroelectric – Turbines driven by water falling at dams from a higher level to a lower one.

Some might say nuclear is renewable, but I don’t think so because of all the radioactive wastes and the inherent dangers of operating a nuclear plant which have to come to reality (witness Chernobyl for the top horror story), plus diversions to make nuclear weapons.

Anyway, here are some sources of renewable energy that I just thought of off the top of my head. There are probably others. Hope this helps.

Donna asks…

renewable energy?

ok, so I’m preparing a speech on renewable energy. Primarily solar energy. . . . can anyone give me some facts and figures to incorporate, perhaps some angles I havn’t thought of yet? I plan on appealing to the emotional side of saving the environment and the logical side of saving money on your monthly energy bill (it’s to be a persuasive speech) . . . so perhaps the efficiency rating of solar panels, or that average energy produced by wind? or even better if someone has some figures on the california rebates given for solar panel installation. Thanks for the assistance :-D

Windmill Farms answers:

Solar Cell – Renewable and Cleanest Energy Source:

Solar cell is a semiconductor device that converts the energy of sunlight into electric energy. These are also called ‘photovoltaic cell’. Solar cells do not use chemical reactions to produce electric power, and they have no moving parts.

Photovoltaic solar cells are thin silicon disks that convert sunlight into electricity. These disks act as energy sources for a wide variety of uses, including: calculators and other small devices; telecommunications; rooftop panels on individual houses; and for lighting, pumping, and medical refrigeration for villages in developing countries. In large arrays, which may contain many thousands of individual cells, they can function as central electric power stations analogous to nuclear, coal-, or oil-fired power plants. Arrays of solar cells are also used to power satellites; because they have no moving parts that could require service or fuels that would require replenishment, solar cells are ideal for providing power in space.

A. Most photovoltaic cells consist of a semiconductor pn junction, in which electron-hole pairs produced by absorbed radiation are separated by the internal electric field in the junction to generate a current, a voltage, or both, at the device terminals. Under open-circuit conditions (current I = 0) the terminal voltage increases with increasing light intensity, and under short-circuit conditions (voltage V = 0) the magnitude of the current increases with increasing light intensity. When the current is negative and the voltage is positive, the photovoltaic cell delivers power to the external circuit.

B. Characteristics of a Solar Cell – The usable voltage from solar cells depend on the semiconductor material. In silicon it amounts to approximately 0.5 V. Terminal voltages is only weakly dependent on light radiation, while the current intensity increases with higher luminosity. A 100 cm² silicon cell, for example, reaches a maximum current intensity of approximately 2 A when radiated by 1000 W/m². The output (product of electricity and voltage) of a solar cell is temperature dependent. Higher cell temperatures lead to lower output, and hence to lower efficiency. The level of efficiency indicates how much of the radiated quantity of light is converted into useable electrical energy.

C. Cell Types: One can distinguish three cell types according to the type of crystal: monocrystalline, polycrystalline and amorphous. To produce a monocrystalline silicon cell, absolutely pure semiconducting material is necessary. Monocrystalline rods are extracted from melted silicon and then sawed into thin plates. This production process guarantees a relatively high level of efficiency.

The production of polycrystalline cells is more cost-efficient. In this process, liquid silicon is poured into blocks that are subsequently sawed into plates. During solidification of the material, crystal structures of varying sizes are formed, at whose borders defects emerge. As a result of this crystal defect, the solar cell is less efficient.
If a silicon film is deposited on glass or another substrate material, this is a so-called amorphous or thin layer cell. The layer thickness amounts to less than 1µm (thickness of a human hair: 50-100 µm), so the production costs are lower due to the low material costs. However, the efficiency of amorphous cells is much lower than that of the other two cell types. Because of this, they are primarily used in low power equipment (watches, pocket calculators) or as facade elements.

D. Efficiency: Solar cell efficiencies vary from 6% for amorphous silicon-based solar cells to 42.8% with multiple-junction research lab cells. Solar cell energy conversion efficiencies for commercially available multicrystalline Si solar cells are around 14-16%. The highest efficiency cells have not always been the most economical — for example a 30% efficient multijunction cell based on exotic materials such as gallium arsenide or indium selenide and produced in low volume might well cost one hundred times as much as an 8% efficient amorphous silicon cell in mass production, while only delivering about four times the electrical power.
To make practical use of the solar-generated energy, the electricity is most often fed into the electricity grid using inverters (grid-connected PV systems); in stand alone systems, batteries are used to store the energy that is not needed immediately.

E. Advantages of solar energy: Solar cells are long lasting sources of energy which can be used almost anywhere. They are particularly useful where there is no national grid and also where there are no people such as remote site water pumping or in space. Solar cells provide cost effective solutions to energy problems in places where there is no mains electricity. Solar cells are also totally silent and non-polluting. As they have no moving parts they require little maintenance and have a long lifetime. Compared to other renewable sources they also possess many advantages; wind and water power rely on turbines which are noisy, expensive and liable to breaking down.

Rooftop power is a good way of supplying energy to a growing community. More cells can be added to homes and businesses as the community grows so that energy generation is in line with demand. Many large scale systems currently end up over generating to ensure that everyone has enough. Solar cells can also be installed in a distributed fashion, i.e. They don’t need large scale installations. Solar cells can easily be installed on roofs, which mean no new space is needed and each user can quietly generate their own energy.

F. Disadvantages of solar cells: The main disadvantage of solar energy is the initial cost. Most types of solar cell require large areas of land to achieve average efficiency. Air pollution and weather can also have a large effect on the efficiency of the cells. The silicon used is also very expensive and the problem of nocturnal down times means solar cells can only ever generate during the daytime. Solar energy is currently thought to cost about twice as much as traditional sources (coal, oil etc). Obviously, as fossil fuel reserves become depleted, their cost will rise until a point is reached where solar cells become an economically viable source of energy. When this occurs, massive investment will be able to further increase their efficiency and lower their cost.

For further information please refer
http://www.environmentengineering.blogspot.com

Thomas asks…

Is non conventional energy same as renewable energy?

Windmill Farms answers:

Yes,,,,,
Renewable energy sources also called non-conventional energy, are sources that are continuously
replenished by natural processes. For example, solar energy, wind energy, bio-energy – bio-fuels grown
sustain ably), hydropower etc., are some of the examples of renewable energy sources.
Http://www.em-ea.org/Guide%20Books/book-4/4.12App%20of%20Non%20conventional.pdf

Laura asks…

What’s the controversy with Renewable Energy?

I have to give a presentation on the controversial topic renewable energy and i wanted to know exactly what is controversial about it? I am specifically doing wind energy so anything specifically about that would help also. thanks.

Windmill Farms answers:

Buying a renewable-energy credit allows an individual or business to financially support wind energy even if it is not available locally. The credits technically represent the environmental benefits of using renewable energy instead of traditionally produced power.

To understand how the complicated concept works, it’s helpful to realize that the various attributes associated with producing electricity can be separated into partsIn the case of wind power, there is the actual electricity generated — which is fed into a power grid where it is mixed with electricity that may have been generated by coal, natural

gas or even nuclear reactions — and there are the environmental benefits of the way the electricity is produced.

Unlike burning fossil fuels, wind generation does not produce dangerous particulates, sulfur dioxides, nitrogen oxides or carbon dioxide. Renewable-energy certificates represent the value of not dumping those pollutants into the atmosphere.

Separating the electricity from the environmental benefits allows people who are actually receiving the wind power — but who don’t want to pay the added costs of renewable energy — to pay the same rate they would pay for traditionally generated electricity. It also gives people who do not have direct access to wind-generated power the ability to purchase renewable-energy credits, which helps the wind company to stay competitive even without willing customers in the area of the wind farm.

One renewable-energy credit is created for each kilowatt-hour of energy generated from a wind farm. Those credits are often sold by the wind farm to a third-party broker, who then resells it to customers for a profit.

Businesses or residents who buy the same number of kilowatt-hours’ worth of renewable-energy credits that they use each month often say they are 100 percent wind-powered. The electricity they actually are using, however, probably comes from traditional sources, such as coal or natural gas.

What the critics are saying:

Renewable-energy credits are just a form of checkbook environmentalism, which allow people with money to soothe their consciences without making any real efforts to reduce environmental problems.

Many companies aren’t transparent about where the RECs are coming from and how much of the consumer’s money actually makes it back to the wind farm.

They allow the middle man to make a handsome profit without substantially benefiting the wind farms.

They advertise benefits that aren’t real in the short term — like eliminating carbon dioxide and adding new wind power to the grid.

What supporters are saying:

Renewable-energy credits provide important revenue for wind farms, which must compete with the heavily subsidized oil and gas industry.

They are a first step for the concerned public in the fight against greenhouse gases — they give the individual some power instead of waiting for the local utility to develop renewable energy.

Once you’ve taken all the energy-efficiency measures you can, it makes sense to buy credits to cover the electricity you have to use.

They are bringing the discussion about wind energy into the mainstream dialogue.

Some big names

buying RECs:

The University of Colorado purchased 11.2 million kilowatt-hours’ worth of RECs from Community Energy, which roughly equates to between 9 percent and 12 percent of the school’s energy use.

Vail Resorts, based in Broomfield, bought 152 million kilowatt-hours from Renewable Choice Energy, which officials say offsets 100 percent of the conventionally produced electricity they burn at all five of their mountain resorts in a year.

Whole Foods Market purchased 458 million kilowatt-hours to offset all the energy used in its stores, facilities, bake houses, distribution centers, regional offices and national headquarters in the United States and Canada.

Susan asks…

What is Renewable Energy?

In your opinion what is Renewable Energy, and what can you do in your life to make things easier for you to live by using Renewable Energy?

Windmill Farms answers:

Renewable energy is an energy sorce that can grow back as a faster rate and you use it. Fossil fuels [coal, oil, and natural gas] are not renewable resources. Things like trees, water, and animals are renewable energy sources.
Things that you can use that is powered by renewable engery sorces are things like solar panels and wind mills.

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Wind Power For Homes

Sharon asks…

What size building can one Wind Turbine power?

How large of a building can one average sized wind turbine power? I don’t know what all of the energy vocab means. Is it closer to a small house or apartment or more like a whole school?

Windmill Farms answers:

A single wind turbine (1.5 MW, GE) would provide enough power to power a town (about 400 homes, or 2 large industrial businesses.) A single wind turbine would power about 20 schools.

Jenny asks…

How do I make home made power?

How do I make home made electricity with solar power or a wind generator? I’ve been looking into using wind and solar energy to power my home, reduce electricity consumption and lower my carbon footprint. I’ve looked into solar hot water systems and home wind generators, but what’s the most efficient way to reduce my energy consumption?

Windmill Farms answers:

Wind generators and solar panels can be expensive, and can take years before they pay for themselves. Often it uses so much CO2 to make a solar panel or wind generator that they can actually increase your carbon foot print, not reduce it. I’ve found that the best way to create home made power is from home made equipment, it’s actually surprisingly straight forward and a fraction of the cost. I used this guide: http://tinyurl.com/ljyok7 to create a simple wind generator which has seen my energy costs drastically reduced.

Sandra asks…

Would you buy a package deal to wind power your home ?

I mean,one price and includes instalation of ALL compoents, wireing to code, trenching, location, and erecting the wind mill it self.

Windmill Farms answers:

I’ve been doing a lot of research about residential wind power and I’m not sure what I’d do if I was in the right situation to invest in wind power. The approach you’re asking about is the way I would usually do things, but the costs are so high.

From what I’ve read, the Skystream 3.7 Residential Wind Turbine will cost approximately $5,500.00 USD, but when installation costs are factored in, the initial investment will typically be in the range of $12,000 USD to $15,000 USD. Rebates and incentives will reduce the purchase price in some areas, but that’s a lot of money.

The other option is to build your own turbine to wind power your home. I am not much of a do-it-yourselfer, but the cost savings are just too large to ignore. You can purchase instructions for taking on this type of a project from various sources. The instructions seem to range in price from $10-$50 and they promise the materials will cost less than $200. Even if it takes you a couple of weekends to complete the project and it ends up costing twice as much to build the product, that’s quite a difference in costs!

I don’t know if this has been helpful or not, but I’ll include a link to my Residential Wind Turbine Blog where I’ve been trying to collect data about the various options available.

I’m sure you’ll make the right decision on which way you should go.

Paul asks…

How should I go about building my own home?

I have been purchasing and reading books on natural building techniques over the past month, and it seems to be exactly what I would like to do in my lifetime. What locations in the U.S. would be most ideal for a house with the following utilizations and materials:

-Solar power (panels), heating (good sunshine, heat)
-Earthbag building for house
-Wind power
-Radiant heating in the floor
-Rainwater collection and storage (good rainfall)
-Composting toilet
-Quality soil for gardening and perhaps livestock/animals

Thank you in advance.

Windmill Farms answers:

Unless you’ve got construction experience building a house on your own might not be the best idea. Your best bet is to do some research about location and then find a contractor that is familiar with “green” building techniques and let him do the work. One person building a house is a years long project even if you are familiar with the myriad construction trades involved in doing it.

Richard asks…

How to make wind mill at home?

I understand that to make wind power, I need to make a wind mill. But How do I make a wind mill? Can Someone teach or advice me on it?

Windmill Farms answers:

Hey, making wind mill is not tough if you know the right way.

I have made two myself and you should take a look at

http://www.makewindpowerathome.com

for guides and instructions.

That is what I use to make my own wind mill

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Is Wind Power Actually Green

Sandy asks…

Are you thinking about going green?

Hybrid cars, solar panels, etc.? Why?

Windmill Farms answers:

Choppins

Let me start off by saying we (my family and I) live completely, 100% “off of the grid and are completely self sufficient”

The house is built utilizing natures natural elements, in the shape of an octagon with 8ft wide arch doors on every wall to catch every angle of wind (typical 4 sided homes have half the chance as one with 8 sides. A circle being the most efficient design). Woodburning stoves, solar chimney, solar AC, solar heating, solar water heating (pool and home), solar stove, solar power, wind power, hydrogen powered back up generator, hydrogen back up water heater, hydrogen stove, 2 hydrogen powered trucks, 1 EV (electric vehicle) and satellite internet.

We also built many green small cabins on the ranch that we offer to family, friends and our on-site off-grid workshop guests, including one straw bale, one papercrete, earth bag and adobe, one cob and cordwood, one underground and rammed earth, one log and post and beam and one rock. Each one actually started as a test for what the main house would be and were later finished and turned into guest cabins. I later wrote a guide on how to build with alternative materials using alternative methods for next to nothing.

We raise meat and milk goats, chickens for meat and eggs, ducks for meat and eggs, trap havilina (wild boar pig), rabbit, quail. Brew our own beer from home grown products, preserve our fruits, vegetables, etc. Smoke and jerky the meat, make our own soap, cheese.

There are no utility lines, no water lines, no roads, tv, cell service, etc. On our ranch. EVERYTHING needed is produced here. All electricity comes from 27 solar panels, 2 main wind gens and a back hydrogen generator if needed (typically we can last 9 days with all luxuries of sunless windless weather, hasn’t happened yet). Water is caught and storaged from the rain. Hot water is made with solar batch water heaters with an on-demand hydrogen hot water heater as backup. Even our vehicles use alternative energy (2 hydrogen trucks, 1 EV electric vehicle converted). Because of this we have no bills, no debt and no mortgage.

Anyone interested can check it out at..

Www agua-luna com

Hope this helped, feel free to contact me personally if you have any questions if you’d like assistance in making your first self sufficient steps, I’m willing to walk you step by step threw the process. I’ve written several how-to DIY guides available at www agua-luna com on the subject. I also offer online and on-site workshops, seminars and internships to help others help the environment.

Dan Martin
Living 100% on Alternative & Author of How One Simple Yet Incredibly Powerful Resource Is Transforming The Lives of Regular People From All Over The World… Instantly Elevating Their Income & Lowering Their Debt, While Saving The Environment by Using FREE ENERGY… All With Just One Click of A Mouse…For more info Visit:

www AGUA-LUNA com
Stop Global Warming, Receive a FREE Solar Panels Now!!!

Maria asks…

How are greener products helping?

-Specific examples in detail: An overview of the latest techniques, initiative, or industry standards related to greener products (Products helping the environment).
-What are some careers and jobs related to this field (greener products)?

Windmill Farms answers:

They make a few richer.

Generation costs (excluding transmission and maintenance costs)
Coal $0.02 per KWH
Gas $ 0.03 per KWH
Wind and solar $2.40 per KWH ( actual costs – those that are getting a check each month is because their neighbors are paying for it, they are reimbursed the full $0.10 to 0.12 per KWH, and the government takes tax money from others to pay the cost differences to buy and install the systems.

“Green” products generally are not actually “Green.” Most are a marketing ploy.
Http://money.cnn.com/2008/07/15/smallbusiness/how_green_aqua2go.fsb/index.htm (and if CNN shows flaws, it has to be bad)

http://cei.org/news-releases/new-study-exposes-flaws-green-chemistry-movement

http://www.greenexplored.com/2011/02/green-consumerism.html

This is (in the vernacular) the tip of the iceberg.

The whole AGW/ACC issue is actually not what it appears to be either.
AGW/ACC is more about political power and money. Read the documents – in their own words in its entirety unedited.

Http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2009/awglca7/eng/inf02.pdf

http://www.globalclimatescam.com/documents/un-fccc-copenhagen-2009.pdf

They use phrases like “Shared Vision”
(excerpts from the first ten pages alone of the 181 pages)
Note: The quotes were added to show their agenda purpose and objective in the statements

PP.3 Acknowledging the important role of the Kyoto Protocol in contributing to the ultimate objective of the Convention, and the need to “broaden the legal commitments under the Convention.” Substantial reductions of GHG emissions from Annex I countries should be agreed,
TRANSLATION: It is about the political power.

PP.6 Intending to renew and strengthen “the global partnership through the creation of new levels of cooperation among Parties, according to the principles of the Convention.”
TRANSLATION: One World Government

PP.13 Recognizing that current and potential climate change impacts “require a shift in the global investment patterns and that criteria for financing allocation shall clearly respond to the priorities identified by the international community”, with climate change stabilization being one of these priorities.
TRANSLATION: It is all about their control over the money.

PP.15 “Further acknowledging that developed countries have a historical responsibility for their disproportionate contribution to the causes and consequences of climate change, reflecting their disproportionate historical use of a shared global carbon space since 1850 as well as their proposed continuing disproportionate use of the remaining global carbon space.”
TRANSLATION: Before there can be a victim, there has to be a villain Developed nations are the villain That underdeveloped nations have been fighting among themselves – it is about the money and power – they have to take from those that have been productive, keep a bunch for themselves, and hand some to their friends and those they use in the political game they are playing.

This annex contains text from paragraphs 1–17 (pages 5–21) of the revised negotiating text (FCCC/AWGLCA/2009/INF.1), as reordered and consolidated by Parties and the facilitator of the informal group on “shared vision.” The approach to consolidation emerged from informal exchanges among Parties and was presented to the informal group on shared vision for proposals for preambular paragraphs 1–6 and paragraphs 1–4. After the informal meeting, the same approach was applied by the facilitator to the remaining proposals.
TRANSLATION: This Treaty is all about the current 27 secret totalitarian dictator Commissars to have absolute control over the worlds societies and economies. Nothing more. AGW/ACC is the excuse they are using to achieve their “Shared Vision’ goal.

Betty asks…

Why should we choose nuclear power?

I need to know in a detailed explanation why we should use nuclear power instead of any other alternatives like coal, or wind power. I need as much information as possible on why nuclear power is good, and all the positives of nuclear power, as detailed as possible please!

Windmill Farms answers:

Here are some thoughts but the research is down to you.

Coal is in finite supply. It will run out one day.
Some countries have to import much/most of their coal. That means their energy supply is subject to the whims of other countries or transport unions or serious bad weather. This is known as a lack of energy security.
Coal produces a lot of pollution. It is a very dirty fuel. The main problem pollutant is said to be carbon dioxide which is said to contribute to climate change due to environmental warming. There is some debate about the numbers but the science supports the ideas.
To avoid releasing ‘fossil’ carbon dioxide, coal burning power stations can be converted to burn biomass (mainly wood which may be scrap wood). That would make them pretty ‘green’ but, in reality, the supply of biomass is inadequate for large scale conversion of furnaces.

The wind will never run out and is free of charge and does not need to be imported.
The trouble is that wind is unreliable, blowing one minute and not the next. That is no good if you are trying to use your computer or operate air traffic control systems or even just boiling a kettle of water. You need full power all the time. We all do. Wind can’t do that.
Wind power does not save carbon dioxide or fuel imports. Wind power is unreliable but we can’t live with unreliable electricity supplies so we have to have conventional power stations running in the background, burning fuel unproductively, just so they are ready to switch-in at a moment’s notice every time the wind drops.
The energy output of wind farms is over stated. They state the maximum power it is capable of producing but they never actually produce it. The best in the world manage to produce an average of about 20% of their claimed output. So, when they say a wind farm will provide electricity for 100,000 homes, we know it will really only provide electricity for 20,000 … And then only some of the time.
The wind is free – so why do we pay at least twice as much for electricity from wind farms than we pay for electricity from generators burning expensive fuel? The answer is the outrageous level of subsidy paid to wind farm developers and operators. Wind farms are a mechanism to reap subsidy AT OUR EXPENSE rather than viable, economical energy sources.
During a recent cold spell in the UK, wind farms that claim to be able to provide about 10% of the nation’s electricity actually provided less that 0.5%. When we need them most, they don’t work because either the wind has dropped or because the turbines are iced-up.
Wind power is not a viable core energy source, is not reliable, is too expensive, does not save the pollution claimed and does not provide energy security.

Nuclear power is expensive to produce because of the safety implications in handling nuclear fuel and building safe reactors. The up-front costs are massive, but so is the energy output.
Nuclear power provides reliable base load (predicted smooth supply) of electricity. It is an established, proven technology, and provides a high degree of energy security.
Nuclear power is low-polluting, much less than burning coal, but we need to take into account the high energy consumption in building the reactor and refining the fuel so nuclear is not perfect.
There are weaknesses in that nuclear plants cannot vary their output very quickly in response to sudden spikes of demand so they need to be used alongside ‘quick response’ electricity supplies such as hydro-electric systems.
Other weaknesses are the safety and security risks of removing and disposing of used nuclear fuel. It is an expensive process and some countries have yet to agree how they will provide safe, long-term storage for spent fuel that will remain radioactive for thousands of years. Underground storage in disused mines is one option.
Nuclear power plants take a long time to build and may face objections from nearby communities but they are the best bet for reliable, low polluting, long term, base-load electricity supply and national energy security.

Lizzie asks…

in the legend of zelda the wind waker?

how do you get a picture of the green frog on the cloud or the red frog?

Windmill Farms answers:

None of these answers are right. You have to become Lenzo’s appentice on Windfall island to get the pictures. Talk to Lenzo and show him your Pictograph Box that you got from Tingle’s cell near Toto the dancer (the guy dancing near the gravestone). When you show Lenzo the pictograph box, he’ll ask you to be his apprentice. Accept and do the missions he asks of you. First, you have to find the lovestruck letter sender. Find the guy in red that walks all about town. He has greenish hair and a mustache and constantly talks about the Rito Postmen. Find a high spot in town that puts you in sight of the mailbox and wait. When the guy in red finally reaches the mailbox after twenty minutes of walking, zoom in to get the picture. But be careful, he looks around for about three seconds before actually putting the letter into the mailbox. Take the picture when he actually puts the letter in. You have about three seconds. Show the perfect picture to Lenzo and he’ll move on to the next project. Find the coward. This is easy. Just go to the cafe in the day. You’ll see Garson or whatever his name is there. He’s balding and wears green. Just make a loud sound near him, either by rolling into his table or the wall or by knocking silverware off of the counter. Take out your Pictograph Box and take a photo of his face. Show it to Lenzo and you’ll have your final task. The Anonymous Lovers. You have to take a picture of two people that glance at each other each day for about 2 seconds. The two people are the walking guy that power walks through town constantly, and the lady near the mini-game building that talks about your friend on Outset that carries jars. The guy has orange hair and wears a striped shirt and green. The lady wears orange and has blueish hair. Just stand near the school with your camera out and zoom in. It takes a while for the walking guy to reach the orange lady, bout another 20 minutes. When the two finally get close to each other, they look at each for about 2 seconds. Take the picture there or risk waiting another 20 minutes. When you finally get the picture, show it Lenzo and you’ll be his apprentice. Now go to Forest Haven and use a bottle to capture a firefly. You can tell when you found a firefly because they hang out near the wall and shine a light on the wall. Capture it in a bottle and bring it back to Lenzo. He’ll make your pictobox a deluxe pictobox. You can now take color photos. Now, if you didn’t beat the Tower of the Gods yet, do so. After you do, go back to Lenzo at night. He’ll offer you one of his rare pictographs. They cost 50 rupees each but who cares. He gets a different pictograph each night. Two of those pictographs are Zephos the Green Frog God of Wind, and Cyclos the Red Frog God of Cyclones. There you go, you got yourself the pictures. It’s a long process, but you can do all the apprentice stuff the first time you’re on Windfall, when you get the sail. Hope this helps. Good Luck with everything.

Sandra asks…

What is Canada currently doing to reduce green house gas emissions?

What is their progress and what are they trying to do

Windmill Farms answers:

Wind turbines mostly, some solar panels, but really, as the home of the single biggest polluting project on the face of the planet (tar sands), and the fact that we not only have missed our Kyoto Protocol levels but actually tried to DERAIL the talks in Coppenhagen on climate change action, all I can say is not nearly enough. Fat chance anything will be done with Harper in power too.

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