Wind Power Jobs

Lisa asks…

Anyone ever heard of the cummins power generation training at UTI?

Has anyone ever heard of the cummins power generation training, I am a uti student and it is a 12 week course in az, I think it is designed for diesel gen-sets and transfer switches.
What is the pay range for diesel gen-set techs. How limited is that field, and can I apply and( of course get a job) in wind or other power gen fields with that training.

Windmill Farms answers:

Use contact link attached.
Http://www.cummins.com/cmi/index.jsp?siteId=1&langId=1033&newsInfo=true

Joseph asks…

Should Obama propose a trillion dollar program to promote wind and solar power?

This would:
Solve the unemployment problem, millions of jobs would become available.

Stop US dependence on foreign oil.

Completely pollution free and renewable forever.

Robert Browning Quote:
Ah, but a man’s reach should exceed his grasp. Or what is heaven for?

Windmill Farms answers:

I think there are better ways of doing it besides printing another trillion dollars. Offer additional tax cuts to banks providing seed money to innovators. Changing government contracts to alternative energy sources wherever possible. Offer tax subsidies to new companies for the first two years of operation. For actual cash outlays, I would limit it to things like matching local money for building nuclear power plants. And, most horrible of all, increase gasoline taxes. The proceeds from this could be used to fund the other things, and it would also be a boon to auto manufacturers, as people who own gas guzzlers chose to buy more efficient cars. I know I’ll get thumbs down for this, but it’s disingenuous to believe that we can solve all of the country’s problems without raising taxes.

George asks…

Could the USA undertake a project to move periodic Mississippi flood waters to the often parched West?

By using the money saved from withdrawing our troop from Iraq we should be able to do this. It would create thousands of jobs, and, by using wind and solar power to pump the water up to places like Lake Powell, it would be a “green” project. The water would be delivered via a series of water tunnels and aqueducts. Manmade lakes could also be created to allow water to filter down to depleted aquifers.

Windmill Farms answers:

Do you have any idea how expensive and impractical that would be? Its much cheaper to build reverse osmosis systems to desalinate seawater.

Carol asks…

Why do Democrats want to kill jobs and cripple the economy with their Cap and Trade bill?

There’s 55 pages in the bill devoted to job losses due to Cap and Trade. It’s estimated 3-4 million jobs will be lost due to it.

So why do Democrats want cripple the economy to further their agenda?

And even more so, since Obama claims he’s about saving or creating jobs, will he sign the bill and seal the fate of all those millions of job losses?

Windmill Farms answers:

Some are followers who simply nod their head in agreement without researching for themselves. Others are the ‘greenies’. The true believers who think man is but a stain on mother nature (who they worship). Then you have the elites who understand that this is all about Control..prosperity be damned!

The end result is all the same…Less Freedom, Higher cost of living (especially for the middle class and the poor). More businesses (jobs) will be driven out of America to places more business friendly.

It’s estimated that the ‘green jobs’ created in Europe have COST an average of $700,000 Each!

Edit …

Http://www.nypost.com/seven/06252009/postopinion/opedcolumnists/convenient_green_delusions_175992.htm

THE Spanish professor is puzzled. Why, Gabriel Calzada wonders, is the US president recommending that America emulate the Spanish model for creating “green jobs” in “alternative energy” even though Spain’s unemployment rate is 18.1 percent (more than double the European Union average) partly because of spending on such jobs?

Calzada, 36, an economics professor at Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, has produced a report that, if true, is inconvenient for the administration’s green agenda, and for some budget assumptions that are dependent upon it. He says Spain’s torrential spending on wind farms and other forms of alternative energy has indeed created jobs. But his report concludes that they’re often temporary and have received $752,000 to $800,000 each in subsidies; wind-industry jobs cost even more: $1.4 million each.

And each new job entails the loss of 2.2 other jobs that are lost or not created in other industries.The creation of alternative-energy jobs has subtracted about 110,000 jobs from elsewhere in Spain’s economy.

White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs was asked about the report’s contention that the political diversion of capital into green jobs has cost Spain jobs. The transcript contained this exchange:

Gibbs: “It seems weird that we’re importing wind-turbine parts from Spain . . . To meet renewable-energy demand here if that were even remotely the case.”

Q: “Is that a suggestion that his study is simply flat wrong?”

Gibbs: “I haven’t read the study, but I think, yes.”

Q: “Well, then. (Laughter.)”

Actually, what’s weird is this idea: A sobering report about Spain’s experience must be false because otherwise the behavior of some American importers, seeking to cash in on the US government’s promotion of wind power, might be participating in an economically unproductive project.

Mark asks…

What are some jobs created by using solar energy?

I mean how is solar energy contributing to the job market?
Is it creating more jobs? If so, which ones?
If not, why not?

Windmill Farms answers:

It requires people to manufacture the solar cells (in a semi-conductor plant) as well as people to get up on roofs to install them, PV doesn’t require much maintenance although solar thermal (pretty much restricted to large scale generation) does require quite a bit of maintenance.

The diffuse nature of solar power means that you need a lot of collectors to get a decent amount of power out of it so solar would create quite a lot of jobs for the amount of power generated which is one of the disadvantages of solar power compared to other more concentrated forms of power. Creating jobs isn’t really of much use if the jobs are useless and having more people working in the energy industry than necessary means that there are less people available to work elsewhere (though there are much better arguments against ground based solar power).

If we reduced our energy usage by the levels that many solar and wind proponents want us to then we’d probably find we don’t have enough energy to run any of our factories (although those levels are never going to happen so it isn’t a very realistic worry).

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Does Wind Power Produce Greenhouse Gases

Mark asks…

Commercial and residential electricity generating/ green house gas emissions?

How does Commercial and residential electricity generating create green house gas emissions

Windmill Farms answers:

Electricity can be generated in many different ways. Some methods don’t produce any significant amounts of greenhouse gases such as geothermal, hydro, nuclear, solar, tidal, wind etc. However, most electricity is generated by burning coal, and to a lesser extent by burning oil or gas.

Coal, oil and gas are types of fossil fuels and this means that they are made up of carbon and hydrogen atoms. When they’re burned they react with the oxygen in the atmosphere, the hydrogen atoms bond with oxygen atoms to form water and the carbon atoms bond with oxygen to form carbon dioxide.

Carbon dioxide is one of the greenhouse gases, other common ones include water vapour, methane and nitrous oxide. These gases have a unique physical property which enables them to trap heat within the atmosphere.

By burning fossil fuels to generate electricity we end up releasing large amounts of carbon dioxide, this accumulates in the atmosphere and retains heat. Power generation accounts for about a quarter of all manmade greenhouse gas emissions.

Lisa asks…

Why can’t everything be windmill and solar powered?

Why do we seek out other sources of energy. I mean I understand that we use a lot of energy but it also has a harmful effect on earth with all the greenhouse gasses and pollution. I was looking up some information on the Internet and it said Wind power, as an alternative to fossil fuels, is plentiful, renewable, widely distributed, clean, produces no greenhouse gas emissions during operation and uses little land. As for solar power it’s also another good source of energy. How come we can’t we go strictly wind and solar to help the earth?

Windmill Farms answers:

Because we don’t currently have the proper infrastructure to provide for more than a few percent of our energy needs.

A lot goes into why, including profit motives for oil and coal companies lobbying to continue dirty energy subsidies. Good news is that you can make a difference by seeing if solar power:

http://www.installeco.com/solar-power/

or wind power: http://www.installeco.com/wind-power/

is a viable option for electricity generation in your local area.

George asks…

What are alternative energy resources?

as in like a defenition…I know there are many like solar, nuclear, wind, etc. but i want a defenition

Windmill Farms answers:

Alternative energy resources are resources that are reusable, regenerating and do not leave or emit toxic waste products and produce greenhouse gases. Alternative energy sources include ethanol, wind power and solar power.

Paul asks…

gas or electricity?

Which is most eco -friendly: to boil the kettle on bottled gas or with electricity?

Windmill Farms answers:

It depends on where your electricity comes from and what you mean by eco-friendly. Because electricity is produced form a thermodynamic cycle (except for the very small amount from wind and hydropower) it takes about 3 times as much fuel to make the same heat. That’s right, 2/3 of the energy used in an electric power plant is thrown away as waste heat. That is the nature of converting heat to electricity.

Almost all electricity is produced from either natural gas, coal, or nuclear power.

If your electricity is from natural gas, is it much better to burn the gas at home and use only 1/3 as much fuel. And 1/3 as much greeenhouse gas as well. Natural gas (CH4) does produce less greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide) than bottle gas (C3H8) since there is a higher proportion of carbon. The hydrogens produce water vapor which does not accumulate in the atmosphere. This benefit of natural gas is offset by the inefficiency of producing electricity.

If your power is from a coal fired plant, consider that coal is more abundant than oil and gas. However, for the same amount of energy, it produces even more greenhouse gas since the product of burning coal is all carbon dioxide.

If your power is from nuclear, there are no greenhouse gases associated with producing the power. The 3 to 1 rule still holds as far as energy to make electricity. The ecological effects of nuclear power are entirely different involving safety issues of working with nuclear materials and long term storage of nuclear waste.

Laura asks…

Is wind power another ‘ethanol-style’ knee-jerk reaction?

Should we learn by our neighbor’s mistakes?
Wind power promises a clean and free source of electricity. A little research, however, reveals that wind power does not in fact live up to the claims made by its advocates, that its impact on the environment and people’s lives is far from benign, and that with such a poor record and prospect the money spent on it could be much more effectively directed.
Because of the intermittency and variability of the wind, conventional power plants must be kept running at full capacity to meet the actual demand for electricity. Most cannot simply be turned on and off as the wind dies and rises, and the quick ramping up and down of those that can be would actually increase their output of pollution and carbon dioxide.
Despite their being cited as the shining example of what can be accomplished with wind power, the Danish government has cancelled plans for three offshore wind farms planned for 2008 and has scheduled the withdrawal of subsidies from existing sites. Because Danish companies dominate the wind industry, however, the government is under pressure to continue their support. Spain began withdrawing subsidies in 2002. Germany reduced the tax breaks. The Netherlands decommissioned 90 turbines in 2004. Ireland in December 2003 halted all new wind-power connections to the national grid. In 2005, Spanish utilities began refusing new wind power connections. A German Energy Agency study released in February 2005 after some delay [click here] stated that increasing the amount of wind power would increase consumer costs 3.7 times and that the theoretical reduction of greenhouse gas emissions could be achieved much more cheaply by simply installing filters on existing fossil-fuel plants.”

http://www.aweo.org/ProblemWithWind.html

Dana, no offense… but that link you supplied is pretty darn desperate. I’m disappointed.

Windmill Farms answers:

Its been in use long enough now to get some actual empirical data & its obvious we need to change the output rating.
For example its been widely assumed that a 1 megawatt turbine could be depended upon to average 1/3 (.35 mw) most of the time.
But in California in 2006 during the 5 highest peak hours of demand their wind farms were producing at 12% of capacity.
As these wind farms are in the most ideal locations this practical data demonstrates we need at least 8 1MW turbines to supply a 1 MW demand.
In addition you would still need a conventional 1 MW generator to supply a 1MW demand under adverse conditions..
So unfortunately wind power can only be called a very expensive feel good supplement to conventional power production.
If an effective way is ever found to actually STORE electrical energy for later use, wind power COULD become economically competitive.

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Uses Of Wind Energy In India

Helen asks…

Renewable Energy Projects reporters?

Which is the Professional Magazine/Publications resource reports & focuses on RENEWABLE ENERGY [Wind energy | Solar energy | Biomass | Biofuels] Projects planned or being conceived in INDIA and Asia Pacific Regions by Institutions.

Windmill Farms answers:

Karnataka State Council for Science & Technology are doing research in various field in which one of the research is Energy projects below web page will take you there…

Hope it might be of some use to you.

Mary asks…

nuclear energy is hope of future india.why?give any 2 points to justify your ans?

this is a geogrophy question.please do not use scientific terms…

Windmill Farms answers:

1.
India’s energy demand is expected to go through the roof given the way the economy is growing. To maintain India will have to look beyond coal and hydro power. Nuclear energy is a good option because India has technology and the means for it. Wind or Solar energy research is not as advanced.

2.
A lot of the present power needs to be transmitted over a long distance. Building Nuclear power plants strategically will optimize energy use and cost.

Thomas asks…

What clean energy source can china and India have?

So far they keep adding coal mines, so is there anything that they can produce that’s clean: solar, wind, geothermal?
what could be the alternative of coal for these countries???

Windmill Farms answers:

Nuclear would be good if they are careful. France uses it and their pollution is low because of it. Due to their safety measure there has never been a problem. They also have a method of reprocessing the waste that takes place in Normandy. They have been able to export extra energy to other countries and they have electricity rates.

If that’s not a good option you can always use the other options that you’ve mentioned.

There is also tidal power. It’s like hydro in that it uses the power of water, but its got its own issues. (few places it can be used, stops sewage from flowing out to sea)

Wind farms out in the ocean would be a good idea.

There are also underwater turbines which are like windmills, but underwater.

Solar and wind power will continue to get cheaper. China is building coal plants like crazy; but they are also using solar power somewhat. China is also planning to increase nuclear power capacity by 5 fold over the next 13 years. China also gets 18% of its power from hydro.

A combination of different energy sources is the best choice.

Maria asks…

our college can provide a wind-turbine????

hii frnds
i am mechanical student.. our principle had a plan to provide a wind turbine of low cost and which looks very simple… my doubt is “is it possible for ous to do this”..any college from India ever provide a wind mill?
please send me the requrid links that how can we provide our dream wind-turbine

Windmill Farms answers:

I have never heard of an actually functioning “wind turbine” in the usual since of a high-speed, high energy device. However, propeller -type wind powered machines called wind mills have been around for over a 1000 years and used mostly to power water pumps for wells, irrigation, land reclamation and various other purposes such a flour milling. The tall modern wind-powered electrical generators are often called “wind turbines”, but they are still only fancy wind mills made with metal instead of wood. And of course they work much better.
Two good introductory articles on “Wind Turbines” by Wikipedia are noted below.
There is another article on the selection of commercially built wind turbines for residential use.
Finally is a reference to a wind turbine news periodocal about other people and institutions interested in wind power.

Robert asks…

What concrete steps should India take to become a less oil dependent economy?

India depends on imports for 75% of its oil needs. Analysts feel that the demand for oil will increase further in the future. With the help of facts and figures evaluate the extent of the problem and future threats that India could face due to excessive dependence on imports. What concrete steps should India take to become a less oil dependent economy

Windmill Farms answers:

First, invest in alternative energy such as nuclear, solar, wind, hydroelectric, etc. That will take away a lot of the need to use fossil fuels for electricity generation.

The second is to reduce or remove oil subsidies. By removing oil subsidies, it will raise the price of oil in the country, and will encourage businesses and consumers to adopt more efficient practices and technologies which should reduce oil consumption.

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Wind Energy For Kids

William asks…

How do you use energy at home?

I need some ways you use energy at home and what kind of energy they are. It can be like turing on a light or taking a shower or anything. By types I mean like heat, nuclear, wind, ect. Thanks in advance! =)

Windmill Farms answers:

I get my kids to power their own computer with a stationary bike hooked up to a small generator and big battery. Think it’s crazy? It’s in the toy catalogs now!

Yes, they hate me.

Linda asks…

What is the best wind turbine for my situation?

I use around 25000 kWh of electricity each year, which wind turbine would be best suited to meet all of my energy needs with an average wind speed of 20mph.

Windmill Farms answers:

Hey Kevin, I think people are avoiding answering this because the question is too nebulous, I’ll explain. 25,000 kwh per year, or about 2000 per month is quite a larege number for a residence, are you running a business? Our home uses 300 – 350 per month, a bit below the average for a 2400 square foot single family dwelling. Trying to get answers on this with usage and average wind speed is like me asking you what kind of car should I get, I live about 12 km from work. Any car can get there, but do I need cargo space, winter driving capabilities, do I have kids? And so on. We use a 900 watt Southwest Windpower model H-40, it is probably a bit too small for our home, something on the order of 1500 watts would work better, but we over did the solar array at 1.4kw, and in the end we make about 90% of our electricity, the other part comes from the power company.

Wind turbine output is a function of the cube of the wind speed. If you double the wind speed, you can theoretically get 8 times the power out of the turbine. But then some turbines have ideal design wind speed higher than others, so a lighter wind turbine in heavy winds will actually degrade from its power curve on a good day. Our site has really good wind in the fall and winter, and really good sun in the spring and summer, so solar and wind complement each other here. This is basically true of most places, just getting the turbine might be disappointing in the end. Three bladed units work better in gusty shifting winds, but are less efficient in lighter winds than 2 bladed ones. When you say your average wind speed is 20 mph, is it 20 most the time, or 5 mph for 3 days, then 40 mph on day 4? This makes a big difference in turbine selection.

What I’m really getting at is this isn’t a question for hacks like me online. In the 12 years we have been using solar and wind power, and teaching renewable energy at our local schools, I’ve learned that there are three things in vast supply, sun, wind, and missinformation. There are better ways to get informed on this subject than here, I will list some sources below to start you out. My first suggestion is to get a subscription to Home Power Magazine. They are the only periodical that get into the nuts and bolts of this subject. Then when the first issue arrrives, look in the calendar section for an energy fair near you. We subscribed 13 years ago, and went to the fair in Wisconsin in June that same year. Here we are today. It would be so easy for someone like yourself to buy into a machine that does not work well for your site, but works very well for the installer to make money with, trust me on this.

Check out the sources below, try to make one of the energy fairs, and then you’ll be in a position to ask some really good questions. Good luck Kevin, and take care, Rudydoo

Chris asks…

why wont Federal government pass extra funding for Wind Energy for Schools, to lesson Electric bills ?

currently the public school systems are going down the tubes, an the expenses are rising faster from the Energy companys for gas and Electricity. Every state has the same problem state wide for funding the school on yearly budgets. We have the answers to help the situation, here in our country. Do we have to outsource this answer also. The state budgets are being passed with higher numbers each year, so why not find a American way to stop the rising expenses and maybe even lower then and also help the electric company’s make more elelctricity. Putting up Wind Generation units accross each Dst. evenly in each state where enough wind is produced can knock the bills down for the school systems, and any extra electricity made can be bought back by the local electric companys at local rates for credit to the schools. Right now the electric companys have to barrow a lot of electricity from other states, at much higher prices, lets put a dent in this problem, for our kids future!

Windmill Farms answers:

The realistic answer: Wind Farms tend to be fairly aesthetically unpleasing (i.e. Ugly), and most folks will vocally object to having them in their back yard. The same can be said about Nuclear Power. There’s a strong NIMBY attitude about this stuff.
Your proposal might work, but until you can convince people that having a huge wind generator behind their house won’t cause their property values to plummet, the politics make it infeasible.

Sharon asks…

how do windmills make energy?

please send back

Windmill Farms answers:

We had a windmill as well as wind charger, when I was a kid on the farm. They have big bladed wheels on them that capture the energy of the wind as it blew. It’s like a fan in reverse. :)

Donna asks…

Among the many wind turbine designs, what do you like or appreciate most, and why?

Is it the Helix wind turbine? The Sky Serpent? The Selsam Super Turbine? The Loop Wing? Or what other designs you know that you find attractive and more efficient to use?
Thanks in advance for your answers!

Windmill Farms answers:

Hey Wind, take a good look at Charles answer to your question, it’s worth reading several times. I have to agree that the Helix, or the “Darrieus Rotor” is really neat looking. It is far from an efficient design. This is exactly the thing that got wind and solar into so much trouble in the 70′s, the misinformation that circulated around and was accepted as gospel by everyone. The vertical axis wind turbine is one of the most inefficient wind turbines in the world. This is the reason you don’t see any power companies installing them in their expensive wind farms, they would never pay for themselves. The typical VAWT runs about 5 – 8% efficiency, a far cry from the typical horizontal 3 bladed model, at around 25 – 30 %. But don’t take my word for it, it’s getting your information form hacks like us online that defeats the entire point of research in the first place. Get to the non profit websites like AWEA.ORG or MREA.ORG, or better yet, take a trip to the old fashioned library and check out some books, like Wind Power for Home and Business, by Paul Gipe, or anything written by Mick Sagrillo. Mick Sagrillo has a fantastic discussion on just this subject at the AWEA website by the way, he is considered by people in the business to be the modern day guru on wind power.

Better than all these ideas, get a subscription to Home Power Magazine, look up the event calender in the back, and get to one of the many energy fairs hosted all over the place. We went to one 12 years ago, and actually listened to Mick and other experts talk. Today our home is powered by the wind and sun, and I’m the guy that teaches wind and solar power to the kids in the local school here, that is where it has gotten us. If I listened to all the online pundits here 12 years ago, we never would have tried, and then I would have been just another guy sitting around telling the neighbors that, “Wind power doesn’t work,” because a guy told me that online. Put a little elbow grease into it, it will be worth it in the end. Take care, Rudydoo

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Renewable Energy Group Inc

Steven asks…

So how is obama’s energy department doing at picking winners and losers in green energy?

The complete list of faltering or bankrupt green-energy companies:

Evergreen Solar ($24 million)*
SpectraWatt ($500,000)*
Solyndra ($535 million)*
Beacon Power ($69 million)*
AES’s subsidiary Eastern Energy ($17.1 million)
Nevada Geothermal ($98.5 million)
SunPower ($1.5 billion)
First Solar ($1.46 billion)
Babcock and Brown ($178 million)
EnerDel’s subsidiary Ener1 ($118.5 million)*
Amonix ($5.9 million)
National Renewable Energy Lab ($200 million)
Fisker Automotive ($528 million)
Abound Solar ($374 million)*
A123 Systems ($279 million)*
Willard and Kelsey Solar Group ($6 million)
Johnson Controls ($299 million)
Schneider Electric ($86 million)
Brightsource ($1.6 billion)
ECOtality ($126.2 million)
Raser Technologies ($33 million)*
Energy Conversion Devices ($13.3 million)*
Mountain Plaza, Inc. ($2 million)*
Olsen’s Crop Service and Olsen’s Mills Acquisition Company ($10 million)*
Range Fuels ($80 million)*
Thompson River Power ($6.4 million)*
Stirling Energy Systems ($7 million)*
LSP Energy ($2.1 billion)*
UniSolar ($100 million)*
Azure Dynamics ($120 million)*
GreenVolts ($500,000)
Vestas ($50 million)
LG Chem’s subsidiary Compact Power ($150 million)
Nordic Windpower ($16 million)*
Navistar ($10 million)
Satcon ($3 million)*

*Denotes companies that have filed for bankruptcy.

The problem begins with the issue of government picking winners and losers in the first place. Venture capitalist firms exist for this very reason, and they choose what to invest in by looking at companies’ business models and deciding if they are worthy. When the government plays venture capitalist, it tends to reward companies that are connected to the policymakers themselves or because it sounds nice to “invest” in green energy.

The 2009 stimulus setaside $80 billion to subsidize politically preferred energy projects. Since that time, 1,900 investigations have been opened to look into stimulus waste, fraud, and abuse (although not all are linked to the green-energy funds), and nearly 600 convictions have been made. Of that $80 billion in clean energy loans, grants, and tax credits, at least 10 percent has gone to companies that have since either gone bankrupt or are circling the drain.
Posted in Energy and Environment, Featured

Windmill Farms answers:

THEY SEEM TO BE BETTER AT PICKING LOSERS THAN WINNERS

Lizzie asks…

China takes axe to polysilicon producers as solar panels pile up: Isn’t state-own-enterprises inefficiency?

By Charlie Zhu,

HONG KONG (Reuters) – Three quarters of China’s solar-grade polysilicon producers face closure as Beijing looks to overhaul a bloated and inefficient industry, resulting in fewer but better companies to compete against Germany’s Wacker Chemie AG and South Korea’s OCI Co Ltd.

The polysilicon sector, which has around 40 companies employing 30,000 people and has received investment of 100 billion yuan ($16 billion), suffers from low quality and chronic over-capacity as local governments poured in money to feed a fast-growing solar panel industry, for which polysilicon is a key feedstock.

Demand for solar panels has eased since the global financial crisis, forcing governments worldwide to slash solar power subsidies, and leaving China sitting on idle capacity and mounting losses. To help prop up the solar industry, Beijing plans to more than quadruple solar power generating capacity to 35 gigawatts (GW) by 2015 to use up some of the huge domestic panel glut. It has also said it will accelerate technological upgrades in polysilicon to weed out inefficient producers and “nurture a batch of internationally competitive producers.”

People in the polysilicon industry say the moves will halve China’s production capacity to 100,000 metric tons (110231 tons) a year, leaving around 10 relatively strong firms with better technology and cost efficiency.

“Most producers will be eliminated rather than acquired. This may sound cruel, but is the reality as they are technologically uncompetitive,” Lu Jinbiao, a senior official at China’s top polysilicon producer GCL-Poly Energy, told Reuters.

The challenges mirror those faced by much of China’s manufacturing sector, from cement and steel to shipbuilding – local governments chasing jobs and economic growth over-invested in often high-cost, low-tech capacity in the mid-2000s when demand for solar panels was booming. That boom is now over.

“Large amounts of ineffective, high-cost production capacity will exit the market,” said Ma Haitian, deputy secretary general of the Silicon Industry of China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association, a Beijing-based industry lobby.

PRICE SLUMP

As smaller polysilicon producers, with average annual capacity of a few thousand metric tons, are pushed out, the likely winners will be larger producers such as GCL Poly, TBEA Co Ltd, China Silicon Corp and Daqo New Energy Corp. The shake-out is already underway as polysilicon prices have plunged to below $20 per kg from a 2008 peak of almost $400, forcing some producers in the northwestern province of Ningxia and eastern China’s Zhejiang province to file for bankruptcy.

Their plight is made worse by cheaper, and better quality, imports from producers such as MEMC Pasadena Inc and Michigan-based Hemlock Semiconductor Group – a venture of Dow Corning, Shin-Etsu Handotai and Mitsubishi Materials Corp – and Norway’s Renewable Energy.

Of the 69,000 metric tons of solar-grade polysilicon China consumed in January-June, 41,000 metric tons were imported, according to industry data. China’s solar panel makers prefer imported polysilicon, which has a higher purity that helps in energy conversion, company executives say.

Foreign polysilicon producers can break even at prices of around $20/kg, while break-even for Chinese firms with capacity of 10,000 metric tons or more is $20-$25, say industry specialists, who noted that most smaller Chinese producers had begun to lose money when prices slipped to $30-$40.

“Restructuring is a must. Most Chinese polysilicon enterprises will disappear and only about 10 will survive,” said Glenn Gu, senior solar analyst at consultant IHS in Shanghai.

NEW DAWN?

In an apparent bid to protect its domestic industry, Beijing this month imposed preliminary anti-dumping duties on U.S. and South Korean polysilicon imports, [ID:nL4N0FV1QI] but has yet to decide whether to do the same for European suppliers like Wacker Chemie. Analysts said that idea could be dropped after China and the European Union struck a solar panel trade deal last weekend. [ID:nL6N0FX04U]

“Such a settlement could mark the start of another global photovoltaics (solar technology) upturn,” Wacker Chemie said in
in announcing better-than-expected quarterly earnings on Tuesday, adding polysilicon prices may have bottomed.

Many of China’s leading solar cell and module manufacturers – such as LDK Solar Co Ltd, Yingli Green Energy Holding Co Ltd, Suntech Power Holdings Co Ltd and JA Solar Holdings Co Ltd – are sitting on long-term take-or-pay contracts with foreign polysilicon producers, under which they import set amounts at fixed prices of around $40-$50/kg, people in the industry said.

By some estimates, 30 percent of the $2.1 billion worth of polysilicon that China imported last year came from those contracts. Those deals looked good before the financial crisis, and some Chinese panel makers – who regularly mix imported polysilicon with local materials to control costs – also invested in their own polysilicon production.

Much of that investment has since been written off.
@ Dog Lover, Thanks to the answer which only shows CCP is ignorant in a lot of things, business, investment, return on investment, market study, research, just to name a few. CCP does not need to know anything because they’re holding the supreme power to do and waste whatever taxpayers money they desire.

Going into any venture or project hastily without thorough knowledge nor research that ended up dumping tons of taxpayers money into the drain like China’s solar industry does is no responsible government could afford. But we all know CCP is one of the most irresponsible governments on earth, rather wasting tons of money on uncompetitive SOE trash than spending a few thousand Yuan to dig wells for the mountainous poor people.
EDIT
Chinese youngsters like Mr Liu Maoxing are the hope of future China, they are becoming more aware of the need for democracy to put the country into better perspectives. Throughout my years staying in China I’ve heard many Chinese calling CCP trash but they’re very wary what democracy is and stick to the brain-wash that one-party dictatorship is most suited for China.

China will rely on educated and well-informed People as Mr Liu to spread their words among Chinese.

Democracy though is only a beginning in itself by allowing opposition parties, free press, free speech, etc to act as government’s watch-dog, more importantly, it divides up and balances the power structure into 3 equal legs: administration (led by Obama in the US and Xi in China), legislation (passing of laws), and courts and judges. No one leg should above the other, ie Xi Jinping should and must not have power over legislation and court sentencing.

To enable democracy runs effectively as in many &qu
in many “Ameri-west” countries do and preventing corruptions as happening in India and the Philippines, a lot of good independent agencies and watch-groups needed set up in all levels of a policy execution to supervise that no person is acting agaisnt the rule and law.

For instance, a suspect in democratic countries cannot be detained for more than 36 – 48 hours, the suspect’s rights of calling home, lawyer and food/water/sleep are allowed, police is not allowed to use force nor threats to get information from the suspect, so forth. If any of the above is violated independent agencies’ investigations will be stepped in.

CCP’s rants that one-party dictatorship is most suitable for China and that Chinese people are corrrupted for centuries are LIES and WRONG. These are merely excuses to justify CCP’s horrible corruptions and inhuman rule. From Hong Kong, Singapore and now Taiwan’s, the world sees that democracy and anti-corruption can work just fine amon
just fine among Chinese ethnicity.

To curb China’s corruptions, good independent anti corruption agency outside of the police and government administration have to be set up like Hong Kong and Singapore. This anti corruption agency will have the ultimate power to investigate all top leaders including Xi Jinping, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao, Wen Jiabao. To do so, the legislation and court sentencing must be independent of and have equal footing as Xi Jinping.

Unfortunately under the present corrupted CCP, the courts, law legislature and police are all under administration Xi Jiping. How can you expect a staff to catch his big boss? This is something Dog Lover and Saffy can never explain so they could only say “give China more time to deal with corruption” – to enable CCP buy time to hang onto power to grab more wealth then immigrate to democractic “Ameri-west” !

Without the presence of democracy to split up the 3 legs of power along with the independent watch-do
to split up and balance the 3 legs of power along with the independent watch-dogs, no police nor courts in China dare go after Xi Jinping’s corruption.

As long as the very top leader remains corrupted, all the staff below him will just follow suit.

Kicking out corrupted leaders or the CCP is not enough. Most important task for China is to set up a good democratic system with divisions of balanced power and good supervisory systems with one watching closely the shoulders of the other, and whereby no one person nor small group is holding all the power like the current CCP does, otherwise whoever sits in the elite clan will just be repeating what Mao, Deng, Jiang, Hu and Xi been doing. The current one-party dictatorship lacks supervisory enabling the CCP elite clan hold onto the supreme power to grab and do whatever the clan desires.

CCP has been sending staff to learn HK’s ICAC, anti corruption agency, for over a decade and still no desire to implement the system, the answ
to split up and balance the 3 legs of power along with the independent watch-dogs, no police nor courts in China dare go after Xi Jinping’s corruption.

As long as the very top leader remains corrupted, all the staff below him will just follow suit.

Kicking out corrupted leaders or the CCP is not enough. Most important task for China is to set up a good democratic system with divisions of balanced power and good supervisory systems with one watching closely the shoulders of the other, and whereby no one person nor small group is holding all the power like the current CCP does, otherwise whoever sits in the elite clan will just be repeating what Mao, Deng, Jiang, Hu and Xi been doing. The current one-party dictatorship lacks supervisory enabling the CCP elite clan hold onto the supreme power to grab and do whatever the clan desires.

CCP has been sending staff to learn HK’s ICAC, anti corruption agency, for over a decade and still no desire to implement the system, the answ
the answer is too obvious. CCP corrupted dictators deliberately neglect a good supervisory system in its 64 years of rule.
@ Dog Lover, you don’t know what you’re talking about because you have no knowledge 1) how a business should run and make business decisions, nor 2) the duty of a responsible democratic government operating in a free capitalist country.
Government should and must not involve in private enterprises and businesses which should be left to the experienced and capable entrepreneurs. Government’s role should only be providing good laws, rules, regulations and a suitable environment for the industries to flourish, the rest leave to private businessmen. Government only should get a share of the businesses’ profits through taxations and with the taxes collected help the poor and needies.

CCP’s current role is a total shamble, the inefficient SOEs not only wasting huge taxpayers money and resources but where corruption lies.

Windmill Farms answers:

Quote:
” “Large amounts of ineffective, high-cost production capacity will exit the market,” said Ma Haitian, deputy secretary general of the Silicon Industry of China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association, a Beijing-based industry lobby…
…Their plight is made worse by cheaper, and better quality, imports from producers such as MEMC Pasadena Inc and Michigan-based Hemlock Semiconductor Group – a venture of Dow Corning, Shin-Etsu Handotai and Mitsubishi Materials Corp – and Norway’s Renewable Energy.

Of the 69,000 metric tons of solar-grade polysilicon China consumed in January-June, 41,000 metric tons were imported, according to industry data.

China’s solar panel makers prefer imported polysilicon, which has a higher purity that helps in energy conversion, company executives say. ”

In answer to your question about management of State Run Enterprises, the above statements sum it up as:
1) Inefficient
2) Too expensive
3) Low quality

It’s the age old problem in China’s manufacturing, wherein Quantity always takes precedence over Quality.

Lisa asks…

What is the green or Diatoms algae,with highest growth rate and oil content,for biodiesl&how can I get a batch

With thanks.

Windmill Farms answers:

PetroAlgae is a good company to look into for your need:

From their website:

PetroAlgae is commercializing a proprietary, environmentally-friendly algae that generates over two hundred times more energy per acre than traditional biofuel crops like soybeans. Using a cost-effective, modular cultivation process that can be massively scaled, PetroAlgae will produce renewable feed stock oils for use in applications such as transportation fuels (e.g. Biodiesel), heating oil, and plastics. This development places PetroAlgae in a leading position to address an ever-increasing multi-hundred billion dollar global market need for sustainable, affordable sources of petroleum derived products.

The algae can be grown in many areas, including those regarded as wasteland. The algae mature within 24 hours, permitting daily harvesting, and 50% of its weight is usable oil. To harvest, the oil is simply pressed from the algae. The energy density of the algae is such that, if just 2% of the cultivated land in the US was used to grow this alga, it would produce 60 billion gallons of oil – enough for the entire annual US demand for diesel fuel.

And contact info:
For further information:

XL TechGroup Inc
John Scott / Harold Gubnitsky
hgubnitsky@xltg.comTel: +1 321 409 7403
www.xltechgroup.com

XL Tech Group media enquiries:

Abchurch Communications
Heather Salmond / Gareth Mead
heather.salmond@abchurch-group.com Tel: +44 (0) 20 7398 7700
www.abchurch-group.com

Mark asks…

isn’t this why gas is 4 bucks a gallon?

1.Evergreen Solar ($24 million)*
2.SpectraWatt ($500,000)*
3.Solyndra ($535 million)*
4.Beacon Power ($69 million)*
5.AES’s subsidiary Eastern Energy ($17.1 million)
6.Nevada Geothermal ($98.5 million)
7.SunPower ($1.5 billion)
8.First Solar ($1.46 billion)
9.Babcock and Brown ($178 million)
10.EnerDel’s subsidiary Ener1 ($118.5 million)*
11.Amonix ($5.9 million)
12.National Renewable Energy Lab ($200 million)
13.Fisker Automotive ($528 million)
14.Abound Solar ($374 million)*
15.A123 Systems ($279 million)*
16.Willard and Kelsey Solar Group ($6 million)
17.Johnson Controls ($299 million)
18.Schneider Electric ($86 million)
19.Brightsource ($1.6 billion)
20.ECOtality ($126.2 million)
21.Raser Technologies ($33 million)*
22.Energy Conversion Devices ($13.3 million)*
23.Mountain Plaza, Inc. ($2 million)*
24.Olsen’s Crop Service and Olsen’s Mills Acquisition Company ($10 million)*
25.Range Fuels ($80 million)*
26.Thompson River Power ($6.4 million)*
27.Stirling Energy Systems ($7 million)*
28.LSP Energy ($2.1 billion)*
29.UniSolar ($100 million)*
30.Azure Dynamics ($120 million)*
31.GreenVolts ($500,000)
32.Vestas ($50 million)
33.LG Chem’s subsidiary Compact Power ($150 million)
34.Nordic Windpower ($16 million)*
35.Navistar ($10 million)
36.Satcon ($3 million)*

Windmill Farms answers:

Yes

Robert asks…

So another Obama “Green” job taxpayer funded company goes BK. A123 battery?

manufacturer for Fisker & Chevy Volt. So just how many of these dicey ventures did Obama invest in and LOSE?
The companies cited were: (Money listed is how much was offered, and does not include other state, local or federal tax credits and subsidies. Asterisk notes that the company has filed for bankruptcy)

Evergreen Solar ($24 million)*
SpectraWatt ($500,000)*
Solyndra ($535 million)*
Beacon Power ($69 million)*
AES’s subsidiary Eastern Energy ($17.1 million)
Nevada Geothermal ($98.5 million)
SunPower ($1.5 billion)
First Solar ($1.46 billion)
Babcock and Brown ($178 million)
EnerDel’s subsidiary Ener1 ($118.5 million)*
Amonix ($5.9 million)
National Renewable Energy Lab ($200 million)
Fisker Automotive ($528 million)
Abound Solar ($374 million)*
A123 Systems ($279 million)*
Willard and Kelsey Solar Group ($6 million)
Johnson Controls ($299 million)
Schneider Electric ($86 million)
Brightsource ($1.6 billion)
ECOtality ($126.2 million)
Raser Technologies ($33 million)*
Energy Conversion Devices ($13.3 million)*
Mountain Plaza, Inc. ($2 million)*
Olsen’s Crop Service and Olsen’s Mills Acquisition Company ($10 million)*
Range Fuels ($80 million)*
Thompson River Power ($6.4 million)*
Stirling Energy Systems ($7 million)*
LSP Energy ($2.1 billion)*
UniSolar ($100 million)*
Azure Dynamics ($120 million)*
GreenVolts ($500,000)
Vestas ($50 million)
LG Chem’s subsidiary Compact Power ($150 million)
Nordic Windpower ($16 million)*
Navistar ($10 million)
Satcon ($3 million)*
The total? More than $10 billion.

Previously, it was reported A123, the maker of electric car batteries, sought bankruptcy to allow “the company to provide for an orderly sale of the automotive business assets and and all other assets and business units,” the company said.

About the same time, the Washington Times found a series of emails from solar power giant BrightSource Energy Inc. showing how the company “applied political pressure and used behind-the-scenes cajoling to win a $1.6 billion loan guarantee.”

And the IRS has argued regarding Solyndra that the bankruptcy plan “amounts to little more than an avenue for owners of an empty corporate shell to avoid paying taxes.”

“The undeniable conclusion is that tax benefits drive this plan,” attorneys for the IRS told the bankruptcy court.

Windmill Farms answers:

Anybody STILL think it is a function of the federal government to be a venture capitalist? With YOUR money???? Especially in industries where the technology has not gotten anywhere close to what it needs to be to be feasible? And especially with federal bureaucrats who know absolutely NOTHING about the field making the decisions?

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Wind Power

Steven asks…

Is the technology in place to switch to Wind power?

Regarding wind power, is the technology advanced enough to be able to fully rely on wind power?

Windmill Farms answers:

The technology exists to switch to wind power but wind power will never be a sole energy source. As with many other alternative forms of energy, the cost to install the equipment and convert over is expensive. If you wanted to spend tens of thousands of dollars, you can buy a windmill for your home and run your house on wind power. One thing about wind power is that it is hard to store the energy.

Paul asks…

Why is wind power better than any other type of alternative energy?

I’m learning about alternative energy and I loved wind power the most. I wanted to know more about it. If you can give me names of companies that install wind turbines,the cost, and why it is better than any other alternative energy you could be the best answer and you can give me extra information too .

Windmill Farms answers:

First, it is good but I don’t know if it is better that solar.

Guascor Group is a company that manufactures and install wind turbines, bio mass, solar panels and more.

Http://www.setatwork.eu/database/actors/A56.htm

http://www.hellopro.co.uk/GRUPO_GUASCOR-1990-noprofil-1002411-9172-0-1-1-fr-societe.html

Gamesa was the second biggest company in the world installing wind turbines and has produced electricity comparable to 2.5 million tons of oil at some point. Then the chinese started making wind mills.

Interesting thing, this two companies are in the same town. That mus be like the world capital of wind mills.

Http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamesa_Corporaci%C3%B3n_Tecnol%C3%B3gica

Chris asks…

Why is wind power considered a form of solar energy?

Wind power is sometimes considered a form of solar energy. Explain why this is true.

Windmill Farms answers:

The temperature difference caused due to sun light cause warm air to move upwards. This caused air stream to move towards these warmer places hence creating a stream of air from sea towards the warm land.

David asks…

What would happen if everybody went solar/wind powered?

Suppose in the near it was commonplace to have nearly everybody’s home and business run on solar power and wind power (Or any other accessible renewable energy resources) What would happen to the economy? Utility services would certainly suffer, possibly to the point of becoming extinct. How would this affect the US and other power-hungry nations?

Windmill Farms answers:

I’ve seen analysis where we’d run out of sunny ground space — that it would take more solar panels than we’ve got room on earth for.

Wind power is an alternative. My grandparents used it for well water and electricity. But as soon as REA (rural electrical association?) came through with electricity-on-the-wire, they jumped at it. I guess wind-power wasn’t strictly dependable, and the batteries were messy and dangerous.

There’s a great deal of romance attached to solar/wind power, but if it were EASY, everyone would be doing it. It’s not. However, there are things we can do, and it should be used more than it is.

I’d love to have solar-heated water . . . .

George asks…

How much do you have to spend to get off the grid on home wind power?

Concidering wind power. Does the kit come complete? And will the investment pay off?

Windmill Farms answers:

More than you would get back in 30 years. Sorry.

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Is Wind Power Green Essays

Ruth asks…

kilowatts produced in lowering a large mass?

It occurred to me that excess solar/wind power could be stored by digging a shaft,say 500 feet deep,and suspending a large weight,say 5000 tons,by a cable or cables wrapped around a drum.The drum would be wound up by a motor,and the weight would rise up the shaft.When the stored power was needed,the weight would be allowed to descend,turning a generator.How much power could this setup store? Thanks!

Windmill Farms answers:

Awesome!! That is certainly a novel idea. If we assume a simple potential energy (Ep) = mgh equation and that 1 t = 1000kg, then your set-up provides 5000 kg x 9.81 ms^ -2 x 152.4 m = 7.48 million joules or 7.48 mega joules (MJ)

This value assumes absolutely no friction or other mechanical loss, assuming an average mechanical efficiency of 25% the value = 1.87 MJ

However, to determine the power, the time needed for the weight to descend is vital. In fact power output would likely be controlled by the speed with which the drum is allowed to descend. Power = mgv

P.S: I don’t know if you like writing essays, but ever thought of trying out for some UN/EU essay competitions? New “green” ideas are often being submitted. :)

Ken asks…

I need some help from good writers?

Well at school we have an essay we need to write about how to go green with our computers and I hVE A COUPLE IDeas but I need a few more before writting, please, this is really urgent!
Hint, I have to have it done by oct. 24, so I need a lot of answers, so just because I don’t choose yours, doesn’t meen I won’t use it

Windmill Farms answers:

Using a green power source, solar energy, wind energy, etc. One or two companies in the US are making computers for Africa that are powered by solar panels, hand cranks or pull cords (kind of like a lawnmower cord or the pull cord on a toy). I forget the companies but they were on “60 Minutes”.

Oh and recycle shops that either strip old computers of recyclable parts or ones that pick apart old computers and build renewed hybrid computers out of the pieces.

David asks…

How do i write an essay about Sustainable Energy? Please help! Answer needed before next Wednesday!?

Well, this is what its about:
Australia should develop new and existing technologies to meet our energy needs as a priority.

that’s the title

the description:

You must research these new and existing technologies, and write an ‘argumentive’ essay which explains and argues that Australia should develop green, sustainable technologies to deal with the current challenges and problems of non-renewable, fossil fuel energy use.

Windmill Farms answers:

Hey well I would structure my essay like this based on the topic you gave me:

Intro:
- Improve solar power
- Build more Win farms
- Less use of fossil fuels

(those are the topic sentences)

Paragraph 1:
- Less Use of fossil fuels
- Such as coal, explain why it is bad for the environment ( CO2 emissions etc.)
- Add more reasons why Australia should use less of it

Paragraph 2:
- Improve the use of Solar Energy
- Write about how it is being used a lot now and that more should be used
- Explain how it is environmentally friendly (no CO2 emissions)
- Compare it with coal

Paragraph 3:
-Do the same thing for Solar Energy except use Wind power

Conc.
-Summarise everything you have argued or whatever.

Hope I helped :)

Mary asks…

Good Senior argument/Research paper topics?

to add a Day care in high school was my first topic, because now in days we have young students getting pregnant and some want to continue high school but they have no where to leave their babies.

Windmill Farms answers:

Hello-

Hello-

Wind energy is a superb, unique topic for your essay and I’ve included some pros and cons for you:

Pros:

Good Private Potential: People can generate their own electricity with wind power in much the same manner as people do with solar panels (photovoltaics). Some companies specialize in residential installations and there are also several DIY wind power kits on the market. It is possible to save money in the long run with residential wind turbines. Then there’s the feeling of contributing towards fighting global warming on a more personal level.

Residential wind turbines open up for the possibility for people to become completely energy self-sufficient (often in combination with other solar power and geothermal heating and cooling systems). This means that you are not reliant on electricity from the utility grid, which protects you from blackouts and fluctuating energy prices.

Abundant: Although some places are better suited than others, harnessing wind energy can be done almost everywhere. However, whether or not a resource is financially viable, comes down to the following question: “Can we generate cost-competitive electricity with current technology in this particular area?” Offshore wind turbines expand exploitable resources even further, but then potential environmental impact to the ocean habitats need to be explored.

Prices are Decreasing: While still extremely expensive to produce on a large scale, rices have decreased significantly (as much as 60% since the 1980’s according to some sources). Technological advancements and higher demand is expected to continue to push the prices down even further.

Green Energy: Wind energy is a green energy source. Harnessing wind energy does not pollute the environment as fossil fuels, coal and nuclear energy does. Other than construction and installation, generating electricity with wind energy does not involve any emissions of climate gases whatsoever.

Renewable: Wind energy is a renewable source of energy. Wind is naturally occurring and there is no way we can empty the resources (it naturally comes back).

Cons:

Costs: The cost-competitiveness of wind power is highly debatable. In most cases, projects rely heavily on government incentives to give wind power a fair chance to compete against already well established the power sources such as fossil fuels and coal. Wind generated power ranks second highest only to solar generated power in terms of initial and maintenance costs. Without government subsidies, large scale wind generated energy would be cost-prohibitive.

Noise Pollution: The wind turbines create a lot of noise. This alone is the reason that wind farms are not built near residential areas. People who live nearby often complain of huge noise that comes from wind turbines.

Threat to Wildlife: Due to large scale construction of wind turbines on remote location, it could be a threat to wild life nearby. Few studies have been done by wind turbines to determine the effect of wind turbines on birds and animals and the evidence is clear that animals see wind turbines as a threat to their life. Also, wind turbines require them to be dug deep into the earth which could have negative effect on underground habitats.

Wind Can Never Be Predicted: The main disadvantage of wind energy aside from cost/kwh is that wind can never be predicted. In areas where large amount of wind is needed or winds strength is too low to support wind turbine, there solar or geothermal energy could prove to be great alternatives. That is one of the reasons that most of the companies determine wind turbine layout, power curve, thrust curve, long term wind speed before deploying wind turbines.

Suited To Particular Regions: Wind turbine farms are suited to the coastal regions which receive wind throughout the year. So countries that do not have any coastal or hilly areas may not be able to take any advantage of wind power. The location of a wind power system is crucial, and one should determine the best possible location for wind turbine in order to capture as much wind as possible.

Visual Impact: Though many people believe that wind turbines actually look nice but majority of them disagree. People consider wind turbines to be undesirable to live next to. Petitions usually come before court before any proposed wind farm development.

Hope this helps!

Steven asks…

What specific action(s) should Christians take regarding the environment and its preservation or restoration?

i have to write an essay on this

Windmill Farms answers:

I know of several churches in my area that have implemented both wind and solar power. Many have strong recycling programs, while some encourage their parishioners to plant trees. There are some churches that are considering LEED-certified “green” architecture. These are things that can help. They won’t magically erase centuries of environmental carelessness, but it’s a start. Christians and non-Christians alike can join together and contribute to bettering the environment.

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Uses Of Wind Energy In Everyday Life

Mary asks…

How can friction be both a positive and negative aspect in our everyday lives?

Use examples to support your statments

Windmill Farms answers:

Naturally everything has its good side and bad side.

Good part of friction is it help us move about without falling all the time. Friction can create heat and help us make campfires, lighting up a match. Dat are the good part of friction. Friction provides required energy, converts from mechanical to other form of useful energy.

The bad side is, sometimes when we dont need to convert mechanical energy to other forms of energy it still happens. For example when u plan to drag a box from point a to point b. Wind blowing against direction of motion of a vehicle or a person. This makes us require more energy to overcome the friction and continue motion.

John asks…

If I eat 700 calories everyday for 1 month?

I know it’s unhealthy. Dont give my that starvation mode bullshit. Idc. Just tell me how much I can potentially lose.

I do not care if its unhealthy, I’m gonna do it bottom line. If I die then oh well.
How much weight can I lose?
@Danny nothing tastes as good as skinny feels.
@Danny nothing tastes as good as skinny feels.

Windmill Farms answers:

It’s not a matter of you dying, it’s a matter of you screwing up your metabolism and winding up with the reverse of what you expected, and possibly messing up your Hormonal development as well.
Your going to want to look good and feel good ( skinny isn’t a feeling!) the rest of your life, you need a sensible, enjoyable program to see you through, you won’t be happy trying to control your weight by cutting your calories so much. It’s not that hard to do it the right way!
This applies to most anyone wanting to Lose or Gain Weight. The Most Important Thing You Must Understand is you need to keep your program ENJOYABLE! If your brain or body find it too painful, no matter how strongly your mind is committed to working the program, eventually (usually less than 6 weeks) your brain will make you quit! It won’t tolerate pain.. At the same time it’s so very important that you allow your body and brain time to adjust to your new training. From tendons being stretched to complicated metabolic issues, to learning proper form, pace and routines your brain and body need 6 weeks to line up to begin reaching optimal performance.
Don’t give much credit to the scale when first starting, it’s normal to retain more fluids, it’s your body’s way of being ready for the next workout. Don’t micro-manage your calories either. Sensible wholesome meals, the quality of the calories is more important than the quantity. Your diet should be ENJOYABLE too, and something you can develop and maintain as a habit.
Workout at your own pace, which in the beginning should be slower, focus more on how you move ( your form) as it’s important to how your body will shape up and that you don’t get injured. My number one choice for losing or gaining weight is weightlifting aka bodybuilding. If your a girl, don’t worry that you’ll get manly muscles, the average steriod-free female builds only a small amount of muscle each year. But that muscle is awesome! Because not only does it burn calories while your working and using them, and while they are repairing and replenishing themselves, but 24/ 7 they consume calories just to stay alive! Just try not to miss a single day of working out for the first 6 months without a real good reason, otherwise slacking off can become the habit. Other than taking your two scheduled days off per week. Rest is important, so get to bed at a decent time as well. Make sure you drink plenty of water everyday. Learn to drink water warm, so you can have it anytime/anywhere. Other than keeping it sensible and enjoyable, remember all the benefits you’ll get from exercising and a decent diet. You’ll sleep better, have better energy, breathing, moods, concentration, endurance, strength, self-confidence, and so much more. It’s really the closest thing to magical powers each human has, so don’t miss out! 45-60 minutes a day, 5 days a week is ideal, but by all means start with less if need be, again keeping it enjoyable is everything! One other piece of advice in this, and that’s don’t do situps! They don’t work the muscle properly so growth is very doubtful, and they risk lower back and hernia injuries. If you must, which most ppl don’t, do crunches. Most ppl don’t need to worry about their abs, they are small muscles that do alot of work already, every time you move your upper body they work, as well as working during many of your other movements, so if your working your body they are getting theirs. The diet industry has hyped up abs so much, because they know most ppl will fail, because they are too painful and produce little to no results, which they hope will lead people to buying their junk products ( it’s working, they’ve been doing it a long time) seeing your abs is a matter of having a low body fat percentage, even as a competitive Steroid-free Bodybuilder, I only do crunches starting a few weeks before a show, so I can flex my abs over and over with ease and to give them a little more definition, other than that, they’re already built from my many years of training the rest of my body and the low body fat percentage I obtain for doing shows, is only for the show, I wouldn’t consider it healthy to keep year round, and it would defiantly hinder any further muscle development. Remember the only thing your belly fat and abs have in common is location, other than that, they have nothing to do with one another, so don’t burn yourself out working your abs,when it’s your whole body that needs the workout and will produce the results you want.

Just start easy, give your body time to start providing you additional energy, keep learning more as you go, and before you know it, you’ll have the body you’ve always wanted, with the loads of extra benefits I pointed out.

Donald asks…

chemistry help…?

please help me with this
thank you so much
best answer ten points
anything helps but obviously the best answer wins the three points…

what are 3 ways that you yourself use energy in your everyday life and talk about how different your life would be without any one of these three.

Windmill Farms answers:

The food you eat releases chemical energy to enable you carry out your day to day activities. Without it you are as good as dead.
Wind and water can be used to generate electricity which of course is the backbone of mordern civilisation.
Automobiles and aircrafts are powered by petroleum products. These aid the movement of persons and goods which is essential to mordern life.

Chris asks…

I’m writing a very important work for my english class, can you please help me if i have any mistakes!? ?

I’m going to debate how petrol, as a non-renewable type of energy affects us in our daily lifes. Petrol is one of the most common fuels in the world, used to fuel automobiles and other mechanical engines. Petrol is a naturally occurring, flammable liquid found in rock formations in the Earth.

Nowadays we have different types of energy, like solar energy, wind energy and others. They all produce energy, but the most affective one is petrol. This is because it is very easy to use it, simple and quick. We only need to burn it and then we can use it as energy in very different type of things. Our word is so used to this energy that any other would be too slow, and they haven’t found another type of energy that could replace petrol.
We need it everyday because it is our principal energy for doing most of the things we do like driving cars, produce electriciy, factories…

Although petrol is really good right now how its working we have to remember that it’s a non-renewable type of energy, and this means that one day we will finish it all up, and that day is getting closer because we use petrol so much all around the world, and everyday the third world countries are developing more and more and they are also starting to use petrol and gasoline. This problem is making countries really nervous about what we are going to do in the future without petrol. And they have to increase the prices of the petrol more and more, and it will be really expensive, then the workers ask for more money because they wasted it all in gasoline and they don’t have much left for themselves. This goes on until everyone is involved and this is making a big crisis all around the world. Another problem the petrol causes is the air pollution. This causes problems on the environment and it can also cause us health problems by breathing polluted air.

In my opinion, we are in a very critical point right now with the petrol and its price, but i think we are slowly understanding that we will have to live by other energy, and we are starting to use other types of energy, that don’t pollute and are renewable, that unfortunetly aren’t as good as petrol. But scientifics are looking for another type of energy, and they’ll find it.

Windmill Farms answers:

Bit tautological in the first paragraph – energy produced by energy – you mean sources of energy, I think. Affective should be effective; the argument about petrol is odd – gas is more convenient for domestic and business use. Petrol is the best thing at the moment for cars, is perhaps what you are getting at – everything else has limitations. Don’t use ‘and’ to start a sentence (I’m old-fashioned); wasted it all on (not in) gasoline..(unless you are talking about stocks and shares), getting a bit repetitive with causes and problems in the last line.

Second para – ‘at’ a very critical point (can’t be ‘in’ it) – no comma after ‘energy that don’t pollute’… (you might need to use term energy sources to reconcile some of the singular/plural anomalies); Scientists, not scientifics.

Sharon asks…

So what is satanism then? Can it help me with my everyday life?

OK, so i’m not 100% sure what it is to be a Satanist, I am pretty sure it doesn’t involve being a child molester, sheep sodomiser, graveyard vandaliser, flag burner or ouija consultant.

I’m just not sure whether it’s just a way of thinking (a’la La Vey), or whether there is a way of pracising it and somehow making my life better. I’ve tried the Jesus stuff and that is all Emperor’s New Clothes gimmickry and pseudo spiritual inner healing which actually doesn’t work at all when faced with real life.

So I’m asking any practising satanists for tips and pointers

Windmill Farms answers:

Whoa, whoa, whoa…. Dang it man. Not all Satanists follow Lavey. I was a Satanist waaaaaaay before I’d ever heard of the man. I was taught from the master of enlightenment himself, at a pretty early age. And yes, I used to be fairly devout crispy, even carried a bible around with me trying to convince others of my faith. Then one day I just had an epiphany. It was like waking from a coma. I devised my own rituals, spoke the names of entities I’d never heard of before.

The key to having it help you in your life isn’t in the belief system itself, you’ll spend the rest of your life tring to defend yourself from anyone who gets wind of what you are, trust me.

It’s in the ritualizing of your emotions. Aligning yourself with the very forces others stand outside of a circle to protect themselves from,(hypocrites). It’s balling up your energy and releasing it into the ether with proper aim and timing. It’s anything from ritualizing your emotions to seek comfort, to seeking retribution for having been wronged.
And it’s taking responsibility for your own life.
Ceremony, ritual, even dogma all encompass Satanism.
Please don’t listen to these idiots.
E-mail me and I’ll sketch out a few rituals to get you started along with some pointers on how to make your rituals efective. Cleansing yourself of pent up emotions is just one way to make your life better.
Killing self-denial with a healthy dose of responsibility is still another.

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Wind Energy

Mark asks…

it’s about wind energy.?

how does wind energy work exactly? and i also need to know how it relate to wind turbines. and anybody know where wind energy usually use?

thanks a lot anyway!

Windmill Farms answers:

Wind energy is usually harvested by wind turbines, which are essentially propellers or fans in reverse. Instead of the propeller or fan being powered and pushing air, air pushes the propeller which instead of being connected to a motor is connected to a generator of electricity. In actual use, fields of towers with propellers and generators (wind farms) are used to generate electricity which is added to that being generated by other means. So wind power for electricity is generally supplemental, not primary.

Ruth asks…

Information on Wind Energy?

How is wind energy gathered?

Any help on wind energy will be greatly appreciated!

Windmill Farms answers:

Wind energy is extracted using sails (as for ships), wind generators, wind mills. Wind turbines are part of some of the above.

You could indirectly gather wind energy using machines that extract energy from waves.

The three links below should help with getting ideas.

James asks…

Pros and cons to wind energy?

im doing a paper on the pros and cons of wind energy…. could you guys help me out and post some links, i need to site my sources so thanks!

Windmill Farms answers:

Pros: wind turbines harness renewable energy and produce no greenhouse gasses or radioactive waste.

Cons: They are dependent on a constant wind supply that’s neither too weak nor to strong (they are turned off at high wind speeds and don’t produce anything when there’s no wind) and you need many turbines to replace one regular gas power station. As the wind is unpredictable, you always need some backup source of energy for storms/calm days. And some say they look ugly too. :)

Check out the sources if you want more detail…

Helen asks…

Why,are there not more Wind Powered Energy Places?

I,would like to see more Energy places set up.But?this needs to be done with Clean air.If,there are to be more People born.Then, we as a nation need to do our part in the Clean Air Act.I,for one am tired of smelling coal and seeing the traces of coal all over my yard.The cost of electricity,is too costly and the rates go up every year.where ,you have to make a choice of paying the electricity,or go with out food.People,are fighting too much over Oil and Gas.

Windmill Farms answers:

Since wind energy is renewable and quite clean why aren’t we using it more? Wind energy is not easy to store or save and investors, tax payers and politicians have issues with wind power.

Wind power is expensive to set up in terms of site preparation and installation as well as the cost of machinery. Producing electricity on a large scale would require large wind farms which take up a substantial amount of land. The location of ideally “windy” land is often not in proximity to where electricity is needed, thus requiring the addition of power transmission lines which adds to the cost of wind energy.

People don’t want their beautiful but windy views obstructed by wind turbines. Some people don’t like the look of a wind farm. The proximity to a wind farm may have an impact on home property values.

There are also some environmental issues with wind farms. Birds and bats are killed by wind turbines. The sound of the rotor blades turning contributes to noise pollution. A road may need to be built through a rural area to build the farm, which affects plants and animals that live there.

The natural timing of the winds may not coincide with energy demands since wind is variable. Grid operators therefore have to keep other power generation reserves on standby, which is also costly.

The tendency is to use what is now cheapest, and wind power isn’t the cheapest form of energy because of the high initial cost. But at what cost (lots of dirty pollution and depletion of natural resources) are we using fossil fuels because they “cost” less? There are disagreements within the power industry over who should pay to expand the power grid and how the grid should be planned.

Most Americans don’t drive the cheapest cars, nor do they buy the cheapest clothing, or go to cheapest brain surgeons, so why are we predominantly using the cheapest fossil fuels?

As with many decisions the pros and cons need to be weighed, and the full consequence must be taken into consideration, not merely the present cost. With the health of the planet at stake, and our ever increasing appetite for energy, not to mention the billions of dollars spent buying fossil fuels from foreign governments on whom we are largely dependent, why aren’t we trying harder to integrate renewable power sources?

Integrating more wind energy, geothermal energy, hydro energy and solar energy into the overall power grid, even if it costs more to set up, would make sense, for national security reasons to protect Americans from volatile oil prices. Like most issues, using wind energy is not as simple as it sounds, and politics, economics and public support or lack thereof, tend to further complicate progress.

Donald asks…

lots of wind energy questions?

explain how wind energy works/is used?

describe how the energy is collected and stored??

what are the ways that your energy could be used? what ways is it actually used?

list advantages and disadvantages of using this energy??

what does the future hold for your energy??

Windmill Farms answers:

Explain how wind energy works/is used?
Most wind energy is used to generate electricity.

Describe how the energy is collected and stored??
You are asking the big question here. Right now we do not have enough pump storage units in the USA to absorb the wind power generated at off peak times and put power back on the grid when demand is high.

What are the ways that your energy could be used? What ways is it actually used?

Electricity is used all over the home and businesses.

List advantages and disadvantages of using this energy??

It is clean. It is everywhere

what does the future hold for your energy??

Unless the storage issue is addressed the future is bleak.

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Renewable Energy Stocks

Sandra asks…

Best renewable energy stock?

What renewable energy company is worth the most?

And would you recommend buying it right now?

(first question is more important)

Windmill Farms answers:

I couldn’t tell you exactly which is the largest; I can name you some large ones:
- Vestas
- General Electric Energy
- Future Fuels
- Statkraft
- Suzlon

There are a few fusion investment opportunities, but fusion doesn’t work, yet.

Also; Chevron has some freaking massive eco-projects going on; don’t over-look them just because they’re branded with oil.

I personally have Future Fuels ‘FF’ as a bet; it’s a strong company considering the market is primitive.

Mandy asks…

About the coming renewable energy boom?

I read something on the motley fool about how the big stock market boom of the last decade was the internet. I also read that the coming clean green renewable energy boom will be bigger than the internet by an order of magnitude. This means a multiple of 10. What does it mean by this do you think? Does it mean that stocks will go up 10x their value or will there just be 10x more companies than the internet ever had? What does it mean?

Windmill Farms answers:

There won’t be a ten fold increase in companies. More likely you will see fewer larger companies due to the capital investment of developing new technology. It’s a finite market, stocks will peak higher than they are and there’s no reason they won’t hold, but by a magnitude of ten might be optimistic.

A ten fold increase in application isn’t unreasonable though, but it’s replacing the fossil fuel market which is demand driven. The price of a wind turbine doesn’t fluctuate like oil, so it’s a low risk, low return investment.

Jenny asks…

Stocks for the future?

What are a few good stocks you believe will do well in the next few years?

Windmill Farms answers:

Renewable energy and water companies. If you think about what are the two most demanded things going to be in the future compared to our current supplies.

Laura asks…

BCON-a green alternative energy stock..is this worth the look?

http://www.beaconpower.com/

Windmill Farms answers:

I’m a big risk taker with several renewable energy penny stocks but I don’t like BCON. They haven’t filed any NASDAQ paperwork since 2008. In fact, they’re in danger of being de-listed.
And they’re not anywhere close to being profitable.

On the other hand, they’ve recently received over $40 million in funds from the DOE and equity issuance. They’re actually building a power plant in NY with this new technology. Both positive signs.

If you don’t mind the risk and understand you could lose your entire investment, BCON could be a good investment. But the odds are against it.

Lisa asks…

Which sector are the stocks of renewable energy companies listed? ?

Stocks are divided into sectors. Which sector can I find renewable energy companies (solar/wind etc)?

Windmill Farms answers:

Such companies are listed in the Energy sector of my local Stock Exchange.

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