Micro Wind Power

Laura asks…

Powering your house(but not by national grid)?

Is there away to power your house your self. ie by not connecting to the national grid and making a mini power plant to power just your house

can put links to the companys that do, do something like that

thanks

Windmill Farms answers:

If you have the water rights to your property and a creek, you could use micro hydro. Any other technique such as wind or solar are not load following so you would need some energy storage mechanism, usually batteries. It can be done and is done in remote locations but it’s costly, you pay a lot less for power from the grid.

A well designed home such as an underground home like Earthships, require far less power to remain comfortable, making it far easier to be off the grid.

Joseph asks…

power generating?

how do power generators work? are there any designs or ways to make your own?

Windmill Farms answers:

You are asking about portable generators that use a spring to provide the motive force? I saw one which is basically a portable torch and which works with a spring, and is worked by just putting it in our hand and squeezed like a soft ball. The compression doesn’t produce any power but when the spring ‘springs back’ the coil is rotating in a magnetic field provided by a permanent magnet and electricity is produced, sufficient to light a small bulb and a little more to be stored in a capacitor so that the bulb stays lit up for some more time. A cycle dynamo is in fact a small generator that works by the rotation of a coil and the motive power is produced by a small wheel rubbing against the back wheel tyre.

There are small wind powered generators also. There are micro hydel plants that work with small streams which flow over a few feet of level difference.

I also saw small generators for telephones in remote areas. It is cranked by hand and stores the electricity in capacitors or batteries. The capacity of the generator depends upon the intended applications.

Solar based Photo Voltaic Cells are useful for small wattage applications and don’t have any moving parts.

If you look for the right type and size, you will find what you need. If you specify your applications in more detail, may be I can help you or some one more knowledgeable.

Mark asks…

How Much Power is Needed/Used in a Household?

Hi Anyone who knows how much power is needed/used in a household or for a residential Property.
I need to write a report urgently and I need this information for my Project Specification.
My project is to build a micro hydro power plant and i need to know the average power is used by a household.

Windmill Farms answers:

Some wind power companies assume that 1 megawatt is sufficient for 200 to 300 homes.
So, if we use the average of 1,000,000 watts per 250 homes, that would allow 4000 watts per home.

Susan asks…

where can I go to find the rightinfo about installing solar or wind power where I live? State/federal credits?

I live on a farm in NW Indiana. I want lower my energy bill and put up solar panels or windmills. Does Indiana have a program to help walk me through this, and where do I go to get the information?

Windmill Farms answers:

Let me start off by saying we (my family and I) live completely, 100% “off of the grid and are completely self sufficient”

The house is built utilizing natures natural elements, in the shape of an octagon with 8ft wide arch doors on every wall to catch every angle of wind (typical 4 sided homes have half the chance as one with 8 sides. A circle being the most efficient design). Woodburning stoves, solar chimney, solar AC, solar heating, solar water heating (pool and home), solar stove, solar power, wind power, hydrogen powered back up generator, hydrogen back up water heater, hydrogen stove, 2 hydrogen powered trucks, 1 EV (electric vehicle) and satellite internet.

There are no utility lines, no water lines, no roads, tv, cell service, etc. On our ranch. EVERYTHING needed is produced here. All electricity comes from 27 solar panels, 2 main wind gens and a back hydrogen generator if needed (typically we can last 9 days with all luxuries of sunless windless weather, hasn’t happened yet). Water is caught and storaged from the rain. Hot water is made with solar batch water heaters with an on-demand hydrogen hot water heater as backup. Even our vehicles use alternative energy (2 hydrogen trucks, 1 EV electric vehicle converted). Because of this we have no bills, no debt and no mortgage.

The fallowing steps were taking directly out of a DIY guide I offer to those who would like to run their homes on solar power safely, reducing their monthly utility bills or even selling power back the the electrical companies. The entire guide is available at www agua-luna com. Its pretty simple but if you have any problems feel free to contact me directly I can walk you threw the process.

Materials you will need
A sheet of copper flashing from the hardware store. This normally costs about $5.00 per square foot. We will need about half a square foot.
Two alligator clip leads.
A sensitive micro-ammeter that can read currents between 10 and 50 microamperes. Radio Shack sells small LCD multimeters that will do, but I used a small surplus meter with a needle.
An electric stove. My kitchen stove is gas, so I bought a small one-burner electric hotplate for about $25. The little 700 watt burners probably won’t work — mine is 1100 watts, so the burner gets red hot.
A large clear plastic bottle off of which you can cut the top. I used a 2 liter spring water bottle. A large mouth glass jar will also work.
Table salt. We will want a couple tablespoons of salt.
Tap water.
Sand paper or a wire brush on an electric drill.
Sheet metal shears for cutting the copper sheet.

The first step is to cut a piece of the copper sheeting that is about the size of the burner on the stove. Wash your hands so they don’t have any grease or oil on them. Then wash the copper sheet with soap or cleanser to get any oil or grease off of it. Use the sandpaper or wire brush to thoroughly clean the copper sheeting, so that any sulphide or other light corrosion is removed.
Next, place the cleaned and dried copper sheet on the burner and turn the burner to its highest setting.
As the copper starts to heat up, you will see beautiful oxidation patterns begin to form. Oranges, purples, and reds will cover the copper.
As the copper gets hotter, the colors are replaced with a black coating of cupric oxide. This is not the oxide we want, but it will flake off later, showing the reds, oranges, pinks, and purples of the cuprous oxide layer underneath.
The last bits of color disappear as the burner starts to glow red.
When the burner is glowing red-hot, the sheet of copper will be coated with a black cupric oxide coat. Let it cook for a half an hour, so the black coating will be thick. This is important, since a thick coating will flake off nicely, while a thin coat will stay stuck to the copper.
After the half hour of cooking, turn off the burner. Leave the hot copper on the burner to cool slowly. If you cool it too quickly, the black oxide will stay stuck to the copper.
As the copper cools, it shrinks. The black cupric oxide also shrinks. But they shrink at different rates, which makes the black cupric oxide flake off.
The little black flakes pop off the copper with enough force to make them fly a few inches. This means a little more cleaning effort around the stove, but it is fun to watch.
When the copper has cooled to room temperature (this takes about 20 minutes), most of the black oxide will be gone. A light scrubbing with your hands under running water will remove most of the small bits. Resist the temptation to remove all of the black spots by hard scrubbing or by flexing the soft copper. This might damage the delicate red cuprous oxide layer we need to make to solar cell work.
Cut another sheet of copper about the same size as the first one. Bend both pieces gently, so they will fit into the plastic bottle or jar without touching one another. The cuprous oxide coating that was facing up on the burner is usually the best side to face outwards in the jar, because it has the smoothest, cleanest surface.
Attach the two alligator clip leads, one to the new copper plate, and one to the cuprous oxide coated plate. Connect the lead from the clean copper plate to the positive terminal of the meter. Connect the lead from the cuprous oxide plate to the negative terminal of the meter.
Now mix a couple tablespoons of salt into some hot tap water. Stir the saltwater until all the salt is dissolved. Then carefully pour the saltwater into the jar, being careful not to get the clip leads wet. The saltwater should not completely cover the plates — you should leave about an inch of plate above the water, so you can move the solar cell around without getting the clip leads wet.
Now place in the sun with the magnefied on top.
The solar cell is a battery, even in the dark, and will usually show a few microamps of current.
That’s it it’s that simple. If you’d a more detailed process and some pics (ouldn’t put them here) it’s available along with some other DIY alternative energy projects at www agua-luna com

Hope this helped, feel free to contact me personally if you have any questions if you’d like assistance in making your first self sufficient steps, I’m willing to walk you step by step threw the process. I’ve written several how-to DIY guides available at www agua-luna com on the subject. I also offer online and on-site workshops, seminars and internships to help others help the environment.

Dan Martin
Alterative Energy / Sustainable Consultant, Living 100% on Alternative & Author of How One Simple Yet Incredibly Powerful Resource Is Transforming The Lives of Regular People From All Over The World… Instantly Elevating Their Income & Lowering Their Debt, While Saving The Environment by Using FREE ENERGY… All With Just One Click of A Mouse…For more info Visit:

www AGUA-LUNA com
Stop Global Warming!!!

David asks…

Micro Generation…please could someone tell me what it is, how you do it, and is it any good ??

Windmill Farms answers:

Micro Generation in the true sense is where we all have small generating units at home.

This might be a mini wind turbine, an array of photovoltaic solar panels or something like a Sterling Engine which takes waste heat from your hot water boiler and generates power that way.

The whole point of this is to maximise power generation where you need it. If you can produce what you need then there is no need for more power to be produced by power stations etc. As the “national grid” is relatively inefficient, local micro generation is the most efficient way to create and deliver power.

Thus far I have just mentioned “micro generation”. There are other ways of being more efficient locally in energy usage, for example CHP, or Combined Heat and Power. This is normally available when you have local power station that is powering, say, a large village or a town or district. The waste heat from the power station (assuming it is burning something and is not wind-, hydro-, or solar-powered) is used to heat local properties and generate hot water. In this way energy usage is maximised.

Anyway, there you go – loads of info. For the typical homeowner in the UK the realistic options are either a small wind turbine or photovoltaic solar panels. Unless you have a river running through your back garden…

Good luck in whatever you do. You can guarantee that it will save you money in the long run!

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Vertical Wind Power Plant

Thomas asks…

How much would it cost to build a vertical farm!?

How much would it cost to build like a 30 story vertical farm? How much would you save by not having all the dry wall and wood flooring and such? I would also want a biomass plant in the basement all windows to be Pythagoras solar panel windows because it let’s 50% of sun in while also collecting solar energy i could distribute evenly would through the building that would be put to better use! And also utilize geothermal power and have a large rotating solar panel on the roof with small wind turbines around the building if enough room! KEEP PERSONAL OPINIONS TO YOURSELF ABOUT THE FEASIBILITY OF A VERTICAL FARM! So how much would the extra energy production cost you?
Dr octagonupus or whatever! I was saying the biomass plant in the basement and have solar powered windows that have like shade type things in them do to the fact the light energy won’t be able to fully get into the building threw the side windows anyway! So yah people I know it’s gonna need work I’ve done some pretty good figures I believe and I just think it’s feasible thanks everyone!

Windmill Farms answers:

The Chinese are using such experimental techniques in their model cities they are buiilding. It is too early to say how productive they will be- some crops may not be very adaptable.

There are too many variables to “predict” savings, efficiencies, etc because factors as growing season, weather patterns, crops, soil ammendments, etc all have a direct bearing on the crop and the potential “insulating value” they represent.

It would take likely a decade of refinements and documentation in the field from numerous installations to even begin to come close to reasonable expectations and predictions. At best currently- it is only conjecture.on large scale.

There are other factors for your idea of wind turbines because they add stress to a building structure- and most are not suited to turbulence that is known to taller buildings. What happens when your solar panels end up in the shadow of your wind turbines?

It is fine to dream- but there are limits to the strength of materials. Technology also changes, so what might be a valid value today will not be valid a decade from now.

In industry- you designed it- you should know those answers without having to ask them because it is assumed you looked through and understood the product documentation to be able to accurately total your energy production. Use the web for what is best at- providing information. Go to the various manufacturer websites and read their documentation and you can work from there.

It is your dream, not mine.

Mary asks…

What do you think about the T. Boone Pickens energy plan?

Windmill Farms answers:

I like the idea that he is putting 58 million dollars of his money into alternative energy expansion.
Of course he is seeing how much money can be made from it, with the wind farms that he is putting up.
Texas is the largest producer of wind energy, followed closely by California.
California is also going heavily into Solar farms,
I did a Google search for wind and solar farms yesterday and found that utility companies in California are going heavily into both wind and solar energy.
Also have you seen the vertical wind generators that are being developed, that while require a lot less wind than the horizontal wind generators, while they do not produce as much power as the horizontal ones, produce 50% more power over a long time because they require less wind to operate.

Http://peswiki.com/index.php/Directory:Vertical_Axis_Wind_Turbines

My question is, for those that are looking at nuclear power plants to produce electricity, what is going to happen to all of the nuclear waste that is a by product of these plants?

Sharon asks…

If i put a solar panel on vacant Commercial land will that help put money in my pocket?

I plan on buying some land. but before i do i “MUST” find a way to bring down the monthly cost speedily!!! our family is stretched to nothing. and im the only one that can spare something because of my good credit. with this land i plan on having a firewood business along with my dads plant selling business. im thinking that if i were to buy a solar panel or Vertical wind Generator or both would that help put money into my pocket and then to the bills?
There is no house on the property of interest but there is trailer houses and actual houses around the place.
i live in killeen texas.
and the property is 10 miles out.
there is no need of electricity on the property just trying to make money by hopefully selling it. the property has no house but theres houses around it!

Windmill Farms answers:

Well, its a yes and no kind of answer. Can a wind generator or solar panels put money in your pocket? Yes.

However the high purchase cost and low output returning to the power grid makes this only viable over a very long period of time. Say 10 years.

That being said, if you can finance a solar cell or wind turbine into your mortgage on the property and then use its output to offset the monthly power requirements of the property then it could pay off in the form of a lower electricity bill each month.

Ruth asks…

physics topic for research paper or investigative theme that would help the environment?

i need a physics topic for our research paper, that would actually help the environment.. we all know what’s happening to environment right now.. and i want to make even a little change or progress to help our environment or wake people’s senses with what is going on using our research paper.. i know it’s a bit complicated because i need a physics topic..

Windmill Farms answers:

Look into the use of small windmills: there are some that are small enough to be mounted on the rooftop of a house. They have blades that rotate on the vertical axis. I saw on tv a report abuot a man in Chicago who has invented wind turbines that are shaped like giant rollers – the wind moves blades on a horizontal axis – and there are probably other forms of windmills to generate electricity from wind. Maybe you could compare efficiency of various types of energy generation from wind devices, and discuss the possible benefits in reduced carbon emissions from standard power plants.

Sandra asks…

psp Cheats……….?

anyone knows how to play Downstream Panic? i need help on level 19 pls……………. thank you…

Windmill Farms answers:

Lemmings and LocoRoco collide as we check out this colorful PSP puzzle game from Eko Software.

Currently scheduled for release early in February, Downstream Panic is an environmentally friendly puzzle game in which you assume the role of a conservationist attempting to guide fish and other small sea creatures back to the ocean. The ocean can be found at the bottom of each level, the aquatic life starts at the top, and there are all manner of puzzles and predators in between the two, which makes it impossible for gravity to simply do your work for you. We recently had an opportunity to play through the first 20 or so levels of Downstream Panic, and we’re pleased to report that its blend of Lemmings-style gameplay and LocoRoco-style visuals and audio really sucked us in.

Bombs and plants are the first tools that you’ll get to play with.

Every level in Downstream Panic kicks off with 100 small aquatic creatures being poured gradually from one or more goldfish-bowl-like containers at the top of the level. The water that the creatures are trapped in moves quite realistically as gravity attempts to pull it down to the ocean, and you’ll have only a very limited toolset with which to attempt to control the flow. Exactly which tools you’ll have at your disposal, and how many, varies with each level, and to date our arsenal has included only four different items: bombs, plants, fans, and harpoons.

Bombs are used to blow up chunks of the landscape, plants grow instantly into vertical walls, fans are used to blow away clouds (we’ve yet to encounter these) and to activate wind-powered switches for bridges and the like, and harpoons can be thrown at predators. The upper echelons of Downstream Panic’s food chain are home to birds (which will fly away if they get too wet), sharks (which are often beached at the outset, but are deadly if they end up in your water), and what we think are piranhas (which, needless to say, are also best avoided).

In addition to your small arsenal of tools, many of Downstream Panic’s level designs incorporate objects and switches that you can interact with. Windmills and waterwheels are often used to activate bridges, while seashells act as faucets with which you can turn the flow of water on or off at certain points. Furthermore, these objects come in a variety of flavors as indicated by their color. For example, you can turn some seashells on and off simply by pointing at them and pressing the X button, but others are programmed to switch on and off at regular intervals.

Only the area of the ocean that’s marked with buoys is safe.

To beat a level you’ll generally be required to rescue between 75 and 95 of your 100 fish, and we’ve found that there are typically a number of ways to approach doing that. Risk-versus-reward gameplay comes in the form of gold and silver coins scattered throughout each level. Collecting any of the coins, let alone all of them, often means taking a more risky route through the level or at least carefully timing parts of your creatures’ descent so that pools of water fill up enough for them to reach the coins. That sometimes means waiting around for a while with nothing to do, which is presumably why Eko Software went to the trouble of letting you speed up time simply by holding down the triangle button.

In story mode, which is the only mode available the first time you play Downstream Panic, the coins that you collect aren’t really used for anything. Once you unlock the free play mode and can revisit levels that you’ve beaten, though, you can use your money to purchase additional tools that will make it easier for you to improve your score or collect the remaining coins from those levels. Downstream Panic also boasts a survival mode, but at the time of writing we’ve yet to unlock it, so we’re not entirely sure how it works. Expect some information on that in our full review next month.

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Uses Of Wind Energy In India

Donald asks…

Construction of Wind energy Farms is on the rise worldwide. India is facing continuous energy crisis.?

this is my homework

Windmill Farms answers:

Wind Energy Farms In India :
With global oil prices touching $60 a barrel, the time for alternative energy, and in particular wind energy, has come. According to Dr. Anil Kane, chairman of the Indian Wind Energy Association, one of the fastest growing sectors in India is wind energy. At the rate at which new wind energy farms are being set up in India, he says that in less than two years electricity generated from wind will exceed 5,000 MW.

Currently, India has an installed capacity from wind energy of 3,595 MW of which 61 per cent is in Tamil Nadu. Dr. Kane says that Tamil Nadu has a double advantage as it gets wind from the south-west and the north-east. As a result, a 1 MW machine in Tamil Nadu can generate 35-lakh units a year as compared to 20-lakh units in a State like Maharashtra, which stands second in India for wind energy generation.

Cost recovery
Although the initial costs of wind energy are high, working out to Rs. 4.5 crores to 5 crores per MW, Dr. Kane says that the costs can be recovered in 10 years as 90 per cent of the cost of generation is the cost of financing. And over the next 10 years, the only costs are operating and maintenance costs, thereby reducing the cost of energy per unit to a mere 40 paise. On an average, the machines will last at least 20 years, he says.
The Government, Dr. Kane suggests, can play an important role in pushing for such alternative energy sources not by providing cash subsidies but other kinds of incentives. For instance, in Tamil Nadu, wind energy received a boost last year when the Union Ministry of Textiles agreed to include wind farms in its Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (TUFS) that gives a subsidy of five per cent in the rate of interest on the borrowed capital for upgrading textile mills. As a result, several textile mills in the State set up wind energy farms. Although wind farms have now been removed from the eligible list of TUFS, Dr. Kane hopes to persuade the Government to reverse its decision.

Some other industries that have successfully used wind energy include Bajaj Auto in Pune that has set up a Rs. 300-crore wind energy farm in Satara, which enables it to write off its entire energy bill. Other major users of wind power are the Ramco Group in Tamil Nadu and Alembic Chemicals and Guardian Glass in Gujarat.

In the face of the growing threat of global warming, Dr. Kane says India needs to take urgent steps to move away from fossil fuels. He believes that the potential for wind energy is far in excess of the 45,000 MW projected by the Centre for Wind Energy Technology. This figure was arrived at after one of the largest mapping programmes in the world where 500 to 600 meteorological masts were set up around the country. The Indian Wind Energy Association estimates that the potential generation is at least 100,000 MW.

Several European countries have made the use of renewable energy compulsory. Dr. Kane says that India too is thinking of creating Renewable Portfolio Standards that would require energy utilities to buy at least five per cent of their total energy from renewable sources. Maharashtra, Karnataka have set a target for renewables.

At the end of 2006 India had 6270 MW of wind generating capacity and is the fourth largest market in the world.There are about a dozen wind pumps of various designs providing water for agriculture, afforestation, and domestic purposes, all scattered over the country. The states of Tamil Nadu and Gujarat lead in the field of wind energy.

Maria asks…

Solar energy is becoming popular in rural and remote area in India. Why?

Windmill Farms answers:

Its free energy

Let me start off by saying we (my family and I) live completely, 100% “off of the grid and are completely self sufficient”

The house is built utilizing natures natural elements, in the shape of an octagon with 8ft wide arch doors on every wall to catch every angle of wind (typical 4 sided homes have half the chance as one with 8 sides. A circle being the most efficient design). Woodburning stoves, solar chimney, solar AC, solar heating, solar water heating (pool and home), solar stove, solar power, wind power, hydrogen powered back up generator, hydrogen back up water heater, hydrogen stove, 2 hydrogen powered trucks, 1 EV (electric vehicle) and satellite internet.

There are no utility lines, no water lines, no roads, tv, cell service, etc. On our ranch. EVERYTHING needed is produced here. All electricity comes from 27 solar panels, 2 main wind gens and a back hydrogen generator if needed (typically we can last 9 days with all luxuries of sunless windless weather, hasn’t happened yet). Water is caught and storaged from the rain. Hot water is made with solar batch water heaters with an on-demand hydrogen hot water heater as backup. Even our vehicles use alternative energy (2 hydrogen trucks, 1 EV electric vehicle converted). Because of this we have no bills, no debt and no mortgage.

The fallowing steps were taking directly out of a DIY guide I offer to those who would like to run their homes on solar power safely, reducing their monthly utility bills or even selling power back the the electrical companies. The entire guide is available at www agua-luna com. Its pretty simple but if you have any problems feel free to contact me directly I can walk you threw the process.

Materials you will need
A sheet of copper flashing from the hardware store. This normally costs about $5.00 per square foot. We will need about half a square foot.
Two alligator clip leads.
A sensitive micro-ammeter that can read currents between 10 and 50 microamperes. Radio Shack sells small LCD multimeters that will do, but I used a small surplus meter with a needle.
An electric stove. My kitchen stove is gas, so I bought a small one-burner electric hotplate for about $25. The little 700 watt burners probably won’t work — mine is 1100 watts, so the burner gets red hot.
A large clear plastic bottle off of which you can cut the top. I used a 2 liter spring water bottle. A large mouth glass jar will also work.
Table salt. We will want a couple tablespoons of salt.
Tap water.
Sand paper or a wire brush on an electric drill.
Sheet metal shears for cutting the copper sheet.

The first step is to cut a piece of the copper sheeting that is about the size of the burner on the stove. Wash your hands so they don’t have any grease or oil on them. Then wash the copper sheet with soap or cleanser to get any oil or grease off of it. Use the sandpaper or wire brush to thoroughly clean the copper sheeting, so that any sulphide or other light corrosion is removed.
Next, place the cleaned and dried copper sheet on the burner and turn the burner to its highest setting.
As the copper starts to heat up, you will see beautiful oxidation patterns begin to form. Oranges, purples, and reds will cover the copper.
As the copper gets hotter, the colors are replaced with a black coating of cupric oxide. This is not the oxide we want, but it will flake off later, showing the reds, oranges, pinks, and purples of the cuprous oxide layer underneath.
The last bits of color disappear as the burner starts to glow red.
When the burner is glowing red-hot, the sheet of copper will be coated with a black cupric oxide coat. Let it cook for a half an hour, so the black coating will be thick. This is important, since a thick coating will flake off nicely, while a thin coat will stay stuck to the copper.
After the half hour of cooking, turn off the burner. Leave the hot copper on the burner to cool slowly. If you cool it too quickly, the black oxide will stay stuck to the copper.
As the copper cools, it shrinks. The black cupric oxide also shrinks. But they shrink at different rates, which makes the black cupric oxide flake off.
The little black flakes pop off the copper with enough force to make them fly a few inches. This means a little more cleaning effort around the stove, but it is fun to watch.
When the copper has cooled to room temperature (this takes about 20 minutes), most of the black oxide will be gone. A light scrubbing with your hands under running water will remove most of the small bits. Resist the temptation to remove all of the black spots by hard scrubbing or by flexing the soft copper. This might damage the delicate red cuprous oxide layer we need to make to solar cell work.
Cut another sheet of copper about the same size as the first one. Bend both pieces gently, so they will fit into the plastic bottle or jar without touching one another. The cuprous oxide coating that was facing up on the burner is usually the best side to face outwards in the jar, because it has the smoothest, cleanest surface.
Attach the two alligator clip leads, one to the new copper plate, and one to the cuprous oxide coated plate. Connect the lead from the clean copper plate to the positive terminal of the meter. Connect the lead from the cuprous oxide plate to the negative terminal of the meter.
Now mix a couple tablespoons of salt into some hot tap water. Stir the saltwater until all the salt is dissolved. Then carefully pour the saltwater into the jar, being careful not to get the clip leads wet. The saltwater should not completely cover the plates — you should leave about an inch of plate above the water, so you can move the solar cell around without getting the clip leads wet.
Now place in the sun with the magnefied on top.
The solar cell is a battery, even in the dark, and will usually show a few microamps of current.
That’s it it’s that simple. If you’d a more detailed process and some pics (ouldn’t put them here) it’s available along with some other DIY alternative energy projects at www agua-luna com

Hope this helped, feel free to contact me personally if you have any questions if you’d like assistance in making your first self sufficient steps, I’m willing to walk you step by step threw the process. I’ve written several how-to DIY guides available at www agua-luna com on the subject. I also offer online and on-site workshops, seminars and internships to help others help the environment.

Dan Martin
Alterative Energy / Sustainable Consultant, Living 100% on Alternative & Author of How One Simple Yet Incredibly Powerful Resource Is Transforming The Lives of Regular People From All Over The World… Instantly Elevating Their Income & Lowering Their Debt, While Saving The Environment by Using FREE ENERGY… All With Just One Click of A Mouse…For more info Visit:

www AGUA-LUNA com
Stop Global Warming, Receive a FREE Solar Panels Now!!!

Lizzie asks…

Facing critical power shortage, why India is not setting up solar panels to meet current energy requirements?

Why is India always lagging behind when it comes to implementing techs especially in energy sector?

Windmill Farms answers:

As far as I know India is installing solar and wind at a fast pace, but the corporate media in the USA no longer reports news, only sensational stories and problems.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

National Solar Mission in India

India is densely populated and has high solar insolation, an ideal combination for using solar power in India. India is already a leader in wind power generation. In the solar energy sector, some large projects have been proposed, and a 35,000 km2 area of the Thar Desert has been set aside for solar power projects, sufficient to generate 700 GW to 2,100 GW.

In July 2009, India unveiled a US$19 billion plan to produce 20 GW of solar power by 2020.[1] Under the plan, the use of solar-powered equipment and applications would be made compulsory in all government buildings, as well as hospitals and hotels.[2] On 18 November 2009, it was reported that India was ready to launch its National Solar Mission under the National Action Plan on Climate Change, with plans to generate 1,000 MW of power by 2013.[3]

According to a 2011 report by GTM Research and Bridge, India is facing a perfect storm of factors that will drive solar photovoltaic (PV) adoption at a “furious pace over the next five years and beyond”. The falling prices of PV panels, mostly from China but also from the U.S., has coincided with the growing cost of grid power in India. Government support and ample solar resources have also helped to increase solar adoption, but perhaps the biggest factor has been need. India, “as a growing economy with a surging middle class, is now facing a severe electricity deficit that often runs between 10 and 13 percent of daily need”.

On another note, the USA and Europe and China are also installing wind and solar like mad. Europe will be free of fossil fuels in a decade, China not far behind, and unless the Republican succeed in derailing it, the US will catch them both.

John asks…

wind energy essay help?

well i need to type up 250 words and email it to my teacher tonight and it cant be copied of websites its plagiarism and i haven’t had sleep in 4 days and feel like shit so if any of you could throw in a few points it would be greatly appreciated

Windmill Farms answers:

Hi. Joe
I would help you from my company, St. Joseph’s Research Center, India. In the third millenium, there is excessive pollution in the cities due to emission from vehicles, from industries using fossil fuels, and from petroleum products that are burned. These emissions include carbon monoxide, which harms the blood of people who inhale it, and causes headache, weakness, etc. In China, the problem is so bad that people breathe pure oxygen from cylinders kept in places like restaurants, etc. So that the people can recover at the end of the day. With further progress, these problems will increase in countries like China. So what would be the alternative?
Other emissions are compounds with sulfur, phophorus, etc. Which come down with rain as acids that destroy or harm plant life.
Lead in the air harms the blood, and can cause diseases in the people who breathe it.
With all these problems, we look for an alternative, environment friendly alternative source of energy. The answer lies in 1. The traditional hydroelectric turbine power generator at the dams over as many rivers as possible, e.g. The Brahmaputra River for China. This is an issue today for diplomatic war between India and China. We hope, the International community intervenes and helps these countries resolve their worries in a sensible and useful manner.
The second, 2. Is the new sources of energy, Solar power, Wind Power, and such systems. Solar power consists of solar water heaters, that provide about 1000 WAtts of energy per square meter of exposed black metal heat collectors from the sun’s radiation. The photovoltaic cells, develop the same amount of electrical energy when exposed to visible light from the sun. The wind power generators have large blades that trap the wind and use the power to turn the turbine to generate power in remote areas that do not have access to power lines from hydroelectric generators.

When turning enviromental friendly, we must change our lifestyle. Our industries must be made more efficient, and use more electric, solar, or wind power for their operation, rather than fossil fuels.
The vehicles must run on electricity from the hydroelectric dams and not on fossil fuels. This means, vehicles must have an electric motor. A power line must feed in power from the hydroelectric dam so that the vehicle can run any distance along the highways. For safe power transfer from the insulated power line along the road to the vehicle, the Tesla system can be used.
For those who do not wish to drive a vehicle, especially women and school children who need to go to school, a cab with software control can be used to run along tracks or cables, and take the children to school as programmed. This eliminates the need for drivers and avoids accidents due to human error. A reserve battery must be present, in case of any power failure. According to Standing British Law, any reserve battery power supply unit can have less than one third the power used by the vehicle or industry. This is so that the backup is not used indiscriminately. Wind turbine blade power generators are useful for adding to the existing power supply systems in the mordern world. Since all fuels, (alcohol based, algae based, or fossil fuel based), release carbon dioxide into the air, and since carbon dioxide causes green house effect and global warming resulting of rise in sea water level and drowning of coastal areas where 70% of mankind flourishes, we must stop burning of fuels, and start using electricity for our needs. Wind Energy is a viable answer to this need. And is efficient in the trials until today. The Scandinavian Wind Turbine blade power generators are one of the best in the world. A wind turbine installed between two towers in the Bahamas supplies power needs for the towers and more. The wind between the towers is trapped and focussed into the turbine blade generators. This is an innovative idea for using wind power.

Sharon asks…

India is an emerging economy and its energy needs are exploding: how can it lower dependence on fossil fuels?

Is the answer nuclear, wind, solar or something else altogether?

Windmill Farms answers:

Nuclear is one way of generating the energy that cities need, but it would be insane not to use the natural rescources that wind and solar power can offer, especially for a nation rich in the natural resources of the sun!

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Wind Energy Facts

Richard asks…

Compare and contrast the various forms of energy in terms of their availability?

their cost and their impact upon the environment. Include the alternative sources of energy in your answer.

Windmill Farms answers:

I just wish someone would bring up the actual facts on wind power.
Sure, its renewable, sure, its free…basically…..but do we really want to convert our beautiful landscale to these farms of ugly white windmills ? The same windmills the elitist politicians and high to do don’t want in their own back yards or along the nature scenery that they have bought homes next to ? Why is it that the poor or those that are marginalized without being able to voice their opinions get the nuke plant plopped in their back yard.
Not saying Nuclear energy is bad, its very efficiet and clean…But this assualt on America’s energy needs to stop. Why are eco whacko’s interferring with government policy ? Why are a bunch of morons that made up an alternative energy (Ethanol) not getting their rightful kick to the curb ? This 10% solution turns to gell in cold temps….there was a report from Minnesota where school buses stopped because of this. We have reports that due to the country being forced to use this crap that boat engines are being damages since none were made to run this junk. Think people….what the hell are we initiating policy on fuels that are crap and not useful in the market ? We quadrupaled the price of Corn during this run up, as a result, more farmers planted corn to ride the boom and that sent all other commodities up since there was less supply than demand. We know that an engine running with ethanol has about 30% less power than gas, is more heavily subsidized to make it competitive (meaning a waste of our tax dollars…so driving or not, we are all paying for it) not to mention that there are alternative fuels out there that are just as good if not better that aren’t made from corn at all.
Why is it the safety problems of wind isn’t told ? Or that the wind makes them viable for only 25% of the time ? That petroleum products are still needed for grease and maintenance ? That transmission lines have adversely effected residents living too close to the farms ? Not to mention the asthetics of an area littered by these monstrosities ?
Solar is much more viable, but rather than huge farms with transmission lines, we ought to build them into roofs to supplement each home or block with them.
Seems alot of questions are asked about alternative fuels and energy sources when people should be asking the obvious….Does it make Sense ? What will we have to sacrifice if we go this route ? What are we supporting an inefficient form of energy ? Because Nancy Pelosi and T Boon pickens has invested so much ? Isn’t there a conflict in interest there just a little ? Look at all the time and money we have sunk into the wind power so far……and what is the real value ? Less than 1% of the power we use is generated by it…. At the price of those that have been medically effected…at the price of trying to force a good idea on paper down everyone’s throats whether they liked it or not ? At the price of our landscapes ?
At least a nuclear plant you can hide with trees….i’ve seen it done in Balston Spa, New York.
With a solar farm, at least the sun has proven to be more useful and productive than wind.
Green technology to build a building more energy efficient goes a long way too.
And coal, we aren’t the bastion of pollution we use to be in the 70′s, we are afflicted by acid rain like back then, and technology has changed. Coal isn’t the bastard child it use to be. And we are the Saudi Arabia of Coal. It is plentiful…but If Obama has his way, he will mess the USA up with his policy of cap and trade…making it almost impossible for anyone to build a new coal plant.
Talk about conspiracy….the government not allowing America to drill for its own oil…build its own coal plants….limiting new refineries….just where do the loyalties of our own government lie ?

Helen asks…

Wind Energy?

Besides the fact that it can’t be stored for later usage, what are some drawbacks to the harnessing and use of wind energy?

Windmill Farms answers:

The drawbacks are that it isn’t appropriate everywhere(Some places are just less windy) and it isn’t constant (the wind comes and goes). However, no technology is appropriate in 100% of cases. We need a mix of energy sources that are each appropriate to the bioregion in which they are being used. The awesome thing about wind power is that the best places for high amounts of constant wind are off shore areas, and the majority of the worlds population lives in costal regions. Wind and tidal energy could provide a signifigant portion of the energy portfolio of this massive wedge of the human population.

No electricity can be “stored” for later use, unless you consider batteries, electrolis into hydrogen, or aquatic gravity pumps. Storage is difficult, but no more or less difficult if the energy comes from wind.

Daniel asks…

Where can I find a small wind energy windmill in Western Maryland?

I keep reading about home sized windmills. The only ones the government seems to be interested in are the humongous 3 bladed giants with 100 ft wingspans, not very practical for my back yard here in Frederick Maryland.

Windmill Farms answers:

For wind energy facts for Maryland small wind energy turbines;
Go to http://www.reasonablepower.com .

See:
http://www.reasonablepower.com .

Before you scream reverent praise for the 3 bladed “airfoil lifting” wind turbines, read this:

http://www.reasonablepower.com/nice_to_know/Aerodynamic_Characteristics_from_Sandia.htm

Robert asks…

- What is a wind energy? – Why wind energy eco-friendly? – What are wind turbines? How were they invented? Who?

I have this project about wind energy and we were supposed to ask and expert.
my teacher wants us to get a primary source so here are the questions…..
- What is a wind energy?
- Why wind energy eco-friendly?
- What are wind turbines? How were they invented? Who invented them?
- How do people set up the wind turbines?
- Is wind energy more efficient than other alternative resources?
- Are wind turbines loud?
- Does wind energy have any money costs?
- How much does a wind turbine cost?
- how many wind turbine are build here in Hawaii?
- How can wind energy help Hawaii?
- for your opinion, what will happen to Hawaii in the future if we keep this up?
- What are the pros and cons of wind energy?
- Is wind energy cheaper than other energy sources? (please compare to biomass, hydrogen, geothermal, solar, fossil fuels, and hydropower)

it’s okay if some are not answered but i need your answers fast….

Windmill Farms answers:

What is a wind energy?

A method of harvesting energy from the natural phenomena of wind.

Why wind energy eco-friendly? Add the word “relatively”. It isn’t completely eco-friendly.

It is considered eco-friendly solely due to the fact that you don’t need to pollute continuously to operate your devices.

IT isn’t necessarily eco-friendly, because to build the devices requires the technology, the research and development, the resources for building, the complicated rectifier and inverter and charge controller systems.

IT just looks like it is eco-friendly….because common people don’t necessarily do the full cost-benefit analysis.

What are wind turbines? How were they invented? Who invented them?
The same thing as the classical windmill blades…just a modern re-design.

- Is wind energy more efficient than other alternative resources?
Only by the means that it is just a turbine and a generator and hasn’t anything to really cause an inefficiency…of course, the availability of wind resources makes it not necessarily as feasible.

Ok,….I am tired of answering.

Mandy asks…

Questions about Wind Energy?

i already have most of my information, but i just wanted to see if you guys could give me any additional facts. here are the questions
How is energy obtained from wind?
Where is wind harvested and used?
How much energy does wind rovide?
What is wind used to accomplish?
History of wind energy:
Future of wind energy:
Adavantages of using wind?
Disadvantages of using wind?

thanks for all your help :)
for our presentations, we have to have something that the rest of the class can see, feel, and take with them regarding our topic. for them to see, my group plans on buying on of those plastic windmills and demonstrating how an actualy wind turbine rotates. im totally stuck on what to bring in for them to “feel” and “take with them”. i thought about a hair dryer for feeling bc you could actually feel the air, simulating wind. any idea though??
thanks for your help!

Windmill Farms answers:

All of these are clickable links at the american wind energy assoc web site

Wind Web Tutorial
Wind Energy Basics Offshore Wind

Wind Energy Costs Wind Industry Statistics

Wind Energy’s Potential Small Wind Energy Systems

Wind Energy and the Economy Wind Energy Policy Issues

Wind Energy and the Environment Wind Energy Resource Guide

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Does Wind Power Create Greenhouse Gases

James asks…

Which of the following processes is not regarded as contributing to the creation of greenhouse gases?

deforestation
creating electricity from coal
creating electricity from wind
use of fertilizers

Windmill Farms answers:

Creating electricity from wind

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wind_power

Steven asks…

What technology could we use in the future to reduce greenhouse gases?

For Homework, I am required to research about a piece of technology we could use in the future to reduce greenhouse gases but I have had a look to see if there are any but I could not find anything

Windmill Farms answers:

Gee Sage are those classifieds as pearls or pellets of wisdom pellets I guess

We can use the technology we already have. Wind, Solar and Geothermal power and alternative fuels. The technology is already available to us. What we need to do is innovate, create and perfect these.

William asks…

Are electric vehicles really environment friendly?

They seem to be if we go by no emissions as compared to fuel fed vehicles. But don’t they emit bad vapors in the air, too when the batteries are being recharged? And in the long run, what happens when billions of batteries die out and needed to be replaced? Where do you dump them or what’s left of them? They would surely pollute big time. So is it really a good alternative against fuel fed vehicles?

Windmill Farms answers:

Yes, they are. The batteries are fully recycleable, for starters. The following quote is about hybrid batteries, but the same applies to electric vehicle batteries:

“Toyota has a comprehensive battery recycling program in place and has been recycling nickel-metal hydride batteries since the RAV4 Electric Vehicle was introduced in 1998. Every part of the battery, from the precious metals to the plastic, plates, steel case and the wiring, is recycled. To ensure that batteries come back to Toyota, each battery has a phone number on it to call for recycling information and dealers are paid a $200 “bounty” for each battery.”

http://www.toyota.com/about/environment/technology/2004/hybrid.html

Electric cars are refueled (batteries recharged) from the power grid, which does create greenhouse gas emissions. However, because the efficiency of these power plants and electric engines is much greater than the efficiency of burning gas, you still get a large overall reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. The greener the power grid (more renewables like solar, wind, water power), the lower the emissions created to refuel an electric vehicle.

ICE = gasoline car (internal combustion engine)
HEV = hybrid gas-electric car (uses gasoline to recharge batteries)
EV = electric vehicle (plugs in to recharge batteries)

“EVs reduce CO2 by 11%-100% compared with ICEs and by 24%-54% compared with HEVs, and significantly reduce all other greenhouse gas emissions, using the U.S. Grid mix. If all U.S. Cars were EVs, we’d reduce global warming emissions. Using electricity strictly from coal, EVs still would reduce CO2 by 0%-59% compared with ICEs (one analysis found 0% change; six others found reductions of 17%-59%) and might produce 30%-49% more CO2 than HEVs (based on only two analyses). On the other hand, if electricity comes from solar or wind power, EVs eliminate all emissions. Using natural gas to make electricity, emissions fall in between those from coal and renewable power.”

http://www.pluginamerica.com/images/EmissionsSummary.pdf

Mary asks…

How’s fireplaces Environment-friendly?

I mean the smoke that gets out of the fireplace, is that Environment-friendly? like how can that be when all the smoke goes up??

Windmill Farms answers:

Honestly, they aren’t!
The wood that burns in fireplaces comes from trees that have been cut down clearing earth’s forests of their vital plantation. Without trees our planet would be as smelter scorching hot as Venus, the inferno sulfur cloud infused desert rock planet.

To much wood burning also causes carbon monoxide to infuse our earth’s skies making our ozone layer worse. Our ozone layer is supposed to protect us and all other life forms from sun’s solar ultraviolet rays preventing our planet from becoming another Venus inferno sulfur cloud infused desert rock planet and at the same time maintain a normal mid-temperate climate preventing our planet from becoming icy cold like the polar ice planet Pluto.

Too much toxic fumes, such as smog caused by burning fossilized fumes infusing our atmosphere, carbon monoxide traps more heat at the surface of our planet making our planet’s greenhouse gas effect worse.

Fireplaces burning wood from trees cut down from forests cleared away through fire uses up earth’s natural resources just as much as running the heater through gas and/or electricity.

Gas comes from fossilized remains at the bottom of earth’s abyssal ocean floors, which could do damage to earth starting with the oceans, seas, reaching the lakes, straits, rivers, ponds, savannas, mangroves, streams and creeks, aquatic plants, aquatic animals, aquatic creatures before reaching land and evaporating through the atmosphere within our skies.

Electricity comes from wind power paneled through water into funnels and wind power paneled through wind mills. Too much electricity use can use too much pressure in water funnels and wind mills creating greenhouse gas effect.

When volcanoes erupt the only good thing that comes from that natural disaster is new land forming, new mountain ranges on land, above and below ocean floors.
Actually many underwater mountain ranges could make sailing dangerous and difficult just as brutal as the Titanic when the captain hadn’t realized about 70% of the actual ice berg was submerged underneath the arctic ocean.

Helen asks…

how can hydrogen help reduce the greenhouse effect?

chemistry homework help please :) !!

Windmill Farms answers:

When we burn hydrocarbons (such as gasoline or diesel) they produce CO2 vapor, which has been proven to be a greenhouse gas. If we burned Hydrogen for power, it would only produce water as a byproduct. However, it is important to note that the large majority of hydrogen produced in the world is currently made from hydrocarbons. So if we decided to run our cars on hydrogen, our cars would only produce water byproduct, but the refineries where the hydrogen was made would still produce the CO2 in making the hydrogen. If we want to reduce the greenhouse effect, we would need to start producing hydrogen by splitting water molecules using electricity. However, currently we generate the majority of our electricity in the US from burning coal (which creates a large amount of CO2).

So- to answer your question, if we used renewable (solar/wind/water) sources to generate electricity to create hydrogen from water, we can reduce our CO2 production and reduce the greenhouse effect generated from it.

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Renewable Energy Credits

Helen asks…

Does anyone have any online credited renewable energy course recommendations?

I am a stationary engineer by trade and want to add renewable energy coursework to my resume!

Windmill Farms answers:

Go green and save money!
[url=http://gogreen-info.com]Green Renewable Energy[/url]

Michael asks…

How do Renewable Energy Credits (RECs) work?

Is it an incentive to use renewable energy?

Windmill Farms answers:

The basic idea that people who feel bad about something can buy them to get rid of the guilt.

The way that they work is that a very small amount (much less than the subsidies and tax breaks given to politically correct energy) of money goes to those who operate a wind turbine or solar panel (or even methane gas recovery systems at landfills, sometimes things that would have to be built regardless of whether any carbon credits were sold), the amount of money that the carbon offset actually provides is really too small to actually encourage use of politically correct energy, especially when you consider how much bigger the subsidies are (and they really are over-subsidised compared to how much energy they produce).

Of course there are renewable energy credit systems that do actually help, just that they cost so much more that the frauds out compete them (and governments don’t seem too interested in keeping that sector honest, some such schemes are actually run by the government, including some that sell more renewable energy than they actually generate (in other areas of the economy the word used for that is fraud)).

The main purposes that renewable energy credits serve are to act as indulgences and to help fool people into believing that fossil fuels can be replaced without using nuclear power (which thereby prevents fossil fuels from actually being replaced and keeps the coal and oil companies in business).

Laura asks…

Why tax credits should not be given for using renewable energy?

For debate team we are debating the resolution that tax credits should/should not be given for using renewable energy. Please help by posting websites for and against it!

Thanks
Az0r

Windmill Farms answers:

I don’t know any web sites but I can tell you why I don’t like the idea of tax credits for alternative energy. Tax credits are a penalty against conventional energy sources. If the alternatives are so great they shouldn’t need tax credits to make them competitive. Using tax credits to make alternative energy able to compete with conventional sources doesn’t encourage the companies that make alternatives from improving their products to compete in a free market. The tax credits have to be replaced with some other source of revenue or savings. The term “savings” is not known to the government so they raise taxes or increase the deficit. Their is also the administrative cost of monitoring the tax credits. That means more government. Let the laws of supply and demand work without government interference

Maria asks…

When are republicans going to start supporting renewable energy?

Republicans are the biggest opponents of renewable energy legislation in Washington right now. Why?

http://features.csmonitor.com/environment/2008/07/31/gop-lawmakers-block-renewable-energy-credit-bill/

Windmill Farms answers:

We do support renewable energy. The sources of renewable energy are just not reliable and we do not have enough of any of them right now. What most republicans want is for there to be a comprehensive energy package with nothing off the table. That means drilling, solar, nuclear, wind and whatever other sources can be invented or created. We are not slaves to the environmentalists who want only so-called clean energy. Democrats seem to be in the environmentalists pockets and are not willing to discuss anything except what the environmentalists will accept.

Robert asks…

What does McCain have against renewable energy?

Have you read McCain’s Energy plan, known as The Lexington Project? He proposes expanding domestic oil production, committing $2 billion to clean coal (despite the fact that science shows there is no such thing as clean coal), and building more nuclear power plants. But he says frighteningly little about solar, wind, or hydro power:

“To develop these and other sources of renewable energy will require that we rationalize the current patchwork of temporary tax credits that provide commercial feasibility.”

http://www.johnmccain.com/Informing/Issu…

What does this mean? This sounds to me like a bunch of gobbledy-g00k. Why are billions of dollars being committed to further oil and coal production but not a single dollar is proposed for renewable energy?

There are no responses because the question won’t post. I completely agree with you that ethanol is the worst idea anyone has ever come up with in regards to the energy crisis….but the fact remains, McCain’s plan does not allocate a single dollar toward renewable energy. Read it for yourself, don’t blame me.

Windmill Farms answers:

Sto say not a single dollar is being used for renewables is asinine. I am paying twice as much for food because corn is being wasted for a fuel that doesn’t work. Posting lies doesn’t make it true. That is why you have no responses.

Sorry for being harsh. I just really don’t like paying more for food because of a failed lib idea. I think McCain will allocate a substantial amount for renewables (as he should).

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Wind Power Companies

Betty asks…

Solar or wind power? Is there a company provider that doesn’t cost thousands to install? Can be hooked up 4 le

Solar or wind power? Is there a company provider that doesn’t cost thousands to install? A service that’s less than regular power & can be hooked up the same way with out the high price!

Windmill Farms answers:

Check places such as ebay for used parts and learn how to set it up yourself.

For example: Solar panels that are 10 years old may be bulky, but they produce almost as much energy and costs a lot less.

Robert asks…

Who are the largest companies buying land for wind power?

What companies are currently looking to invest in wind power? Where are they building?

Windmill Farms answers:

Here is a great link to information on geothermal power. It also offers an additional free stock pick report. Hope this helps…

Linda asks…

Will switching to wind power thru my electric company save me money? What other costs are there besides kWh?

I’m trying to find more info on what my bill will look like if I swap to wind power thru OG&E @ 12000 kWh. I know it’s $7 per day but what else will show up on my bill?

Windmill Farms answers:

What happens is that the transmission company buys the power.
All of the other costs are the same.

I’ve never heard of green power being cheaper.

At some point, there will probably be a carbon offset fee on your bill if you’re using coal or oil.

Susan asks…

Do power companies store excess energy during times of low demand?

Power companies always shut down generation plants when there is low demand in the power grid, but they always have to maintain a safety margin – perhaps 10% or more power than the grids demand.

Do they STORE this excess/unused power? what happens to unused power.

Windmill Farms answers:

I read up a bit on this and here what I’ve found:
Like your car’s Alternator there is no “extra” power that is created without demand. Meaning if everyone shuts off their A/C’s in a big city the power plant’s generators simply slow down or shut off.

The safety margin is that they try to preemptively have power “potential” that is on the ready – maybe some turbines spinning, ready to accept load. Given, running a power generation source without load is wasteful but it is acceptable since even the power companies cannot tell when exactly or how much demand will change. They usually make up the needed power from providers while they increase capacity – if they can.

You car’s alternator is good example – once you get up to speed above an idle, it is making more power than the engine, the basic accessories and the battery needs. If you could monitor the drag or draw of the alternator on your car as you turned devices on a off you would see how load makes the alternator put out more power – while spinning at the same rate. Your engine has to absorb the drag of the alternator by increasing fuel consumption or idle speed. Your alternator is simply using regulating the voltage going out and its’ speed determines the amperage potential. At about 2500 rpm your alternator is putting at about 70% of capacity.

The easiest way to see this is turn on all your accessories at idle and you should see the headlights dim a bit. Raise the engine speed and notice that they brighten but only so much.

Overall the generators that power company’s use are far more efficient than the alternator in your car so any waste is simply there to feed our ravenous need for power.

The only utilities that are planning for storage for solar and wind, since the sun sets and winds change. Those methods range from air compression, to molten salt to flywheels and many others.

Donna asks…

The power company, wind, the sun’s heat without a fan twirl help four years ago to start work, I like to ride?

The power company, wind, the sun’s heat without a fan twirl help four years ago to start work,
I like to ride too far forward, but I would like some help.
If an organization would help the job can be quite successful.

Windmill Farms answers:

Repeating your question in the detail doesn’t help, especially when your question and the rest of the details don’t make much sense at all. Get some help in translation or something.

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Wind Energy Facts For Kids

Ken asks…

Why is everyone yapping about nuclear energy being dangerous?

Now you can already see these massive protests in Germany. How many have died from nuclear power this year or last year? How about deaths from lung cancer & lung damage caused by burning coal & gasoline? 2 million per year? Shall we count respiratory diseases too? How about methylmercury in fish? I don’t eat tuna anymore. That’s how poisonous it is. It’s not radioactive. It’s neuropoisonous. Mercury levels will increase 2x in the next 50 years and then certain fish will be banned from consumption. Say goodbye to longtail tuna (thunnus tonggol). Godspeed! Zai jian! Zai jian!

When was the last time you were dangerously exposed to radiation? I was born two years after Chernobyl and x-rays are safe, so nevah! Most of us will never be, yet you’re breathing polluted air right now. Hell, you’re even breathing fecal bacterias from the toilet that are floating in the air. Even if you live on the countryside, the wind is blowing pollution from big cities, highways & industrial areas every possible day. When was the last time wind blew some radioactive decay towards you? Hell, you’re probably getting some wind from the landfill of a thousand decomposing banana peels & tampons.

Don’t be an ignorant green hippy. It’s impossible to raise enough money to build enough wind & solar farms that would replace all nuclear & coal power plants, and neither is geothermal power the answer due to CO2, methane & hydrogen sulfide emissions. Then the air would smell like egg farts. Lol. What’s that? Wave power? Well that’s just expensive and not advanced enough. It’s way too easy to dump in loads of money in a project and build something. Nuclear is an established technology that makes good investments! Yeah, Trina Solar (TSL) is a good stock if you went in it in 2009, but until nuclear fusion reactors start producing more energy than they consume, we will have to use something that is very efficient & cheaper cause then the poor will complain over bills. Rich richer, poor poorer isn’t the future. Nuclear is :D

Yeah, nuclear power is dangerous but statistically it’s one of the safest. Wind turbines kill bats & god forbid if the safety system fails and they launch an ice bomb towards you in winter. Open your eyes. Statistics & fact-checking is really amazing. Look. In Britain alcohol kills more people than illegal drugs combined, sports kill more kids than school shootings and tweety the bird is actually a male. Lol. Statistically ecstasy is safer than guinness, so pop a pill on the next holiday :D at least you’ll remember the night and you won’t have a hangover.

Don’t listen to what Greenfreaks or Friends of the Earth have to say about nuclear. You don’t have to agree with someone that scares you with scary facts while they can’t understand science themselves. They even said to the president of Zambia that donated GM corn is poisonous and he refused to import the aid! Maybe people need to see a documentary with a nuclear physicist Jim Al-khalili instead of being frightened & paranoid of uranium. Nuclear is green enough, so let ur leightbalb shain bay da powah of yuraniem :D What’s the power level? Over 9000!

When there’s still coal used, is there any other reason not to use nuclear? Nuclear waste? Well radioactivity will diminish over time. Will methylmercury disappear from the seas and make tuna safe to eat? Now I eat low-mercury fish that I haven’t heard of before. What are japanese going to eat beside rice shaped like hello kitty?

Windmill Farms answers:

250,000 square kilometers of land in Europe is un-farmable for the next 100-1500 years, because of Chernoble.
93,000 people died because of this tragedy and at least 300,000 people will die earlier because of cancer.
Spent nuclear fuel rods will need to be stored for at least 50,000 years before their radiation emisions are safe.
I am no green-freak, but I do have genuine concerns for the coming generations.
Perhaps it takes the nearest reactor near to your house to meltdown, to convince you that this form of energy is not as safe as the nuclear lobbyists tell you.

The answer is to use much less power, and dramatically reduce our energy needs.
50 power stations in Europe alone can be taken out of service just by insulating buildings better.
That means you have to pay for the insulation, which people have been trying to avoid.
Higher tax breaks would improve the incentive to do this.

Too much freight goes by air, because airlines have the advantage of paying no tax on their fuel.
This tax free advantage should be stopped, and if a few airlines go out of business as a result, so be it. The tax this brings can be used to expand the rail freight network, and electrify more lines.
Sorry, but your holiday flights will be much more expensive, but that is a small price to pay.

Energy costs will rise dramatically because oil will become more scarce, so reducing our usage will soften this increase.
Coal will last much longer, but power stations using this must install CO2 filters.
This CO2 could be used to feed algae, which can be used as fertiliser and many other products, including high protein foodstuff.

Geothermal energy is not stinky, as you say, it is very clean and enviromenaly freindly, more heat and energy should be produced from this unlimted scource. There is a geothermal plant quite neaar to me so I know this to be true.

Purchasing locally produced goods also save much energy.
Buying something 10 % cheaper that has travelled half the globe is a false sense of cost reduction, you are ripping off sacred energy from the coming generations.

Joseph asks…

What source of enrgy will become dominant in the future?

It will still be Oil or Nuclear, Solar, Geothermal, Wind power, Seismic generated energy, Coal, Hydrogen, Chinese People excersing on Stationary Bicylces, just kidding about the last one.

Windmill Farms answers:

Sorry to say that oil will still be the main source of power in the next 60 years. That question was already asked to many of the world’s leading scientists a couple of months ago. The demand for oil will in fact increase in Africa and Asia due to the growing industries in these regions.

Sandy asks…

Who can give me some cool sites?

About on some cool facts on the universe

Windmill Farms answers:

Here are quite a few, I’m glad that you are interested in things like this!

Http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/kids_space/earth_galore.html&edu=elem

This one is really cool, did you know we are actually closer to the Sun in January than in July?

Http://www.windows.ucar.edu/spaceweather/basic_facts.html

This one tells alot about solar winds and other cool space phenomenon. Contrary to popular belief, solar wind is actually just an emission of radiant energy, not real wind. Don’t worry, the Earth’s magnetic field helps neutralize this.

Http://poonen.org/zac/amazing_facts.html#Chapter%201

This one is like a transcript from a book, but still some cool stuff.

Http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/universe/universe.html

This one too has some cool facts, and a few links to sites with more facts.

Http://www.didyouknow.cd/fastfacts/earth.htm

This one is called “fast facts” so I think it should be a little more simplified and easy to understand, although a few don’t have anything to do with the Universe.

Http://www.wilderdom.com/vignettes/WorldFacts.html

This one has a few more, pretty interesting facts.

I hope that I was able to help, keep on learning whatever you want to.

Sandra asks…

Domestic violence? Hubby hit me, tried to strangle me. We have 3 kids.?

He first did this 13 years ago. I left him and then I went back. Nothing more happened then 6 months ago he slapped me and burst my eardrum. 3 weeks ago he hit me and tried to strangle me. He gets in a rage when we argue and becomes aggressive. He says its all my fault because I ‘had an affair’. Actually it was 13yrs ago when I left him I slept with a male friend once. He found out 6 years later and since then has been very angry about it. He calls me ‘a slag’ and then hits me. I want to leave him but I feel guilty over what I did and partly responsible for his anger. I took out an injunction but he still won’t leave the house, as it is a joint mortgage. His family think I am awful for trying to throw him out and they have told him to divorce me and claim maintenance from me. I don’t know what I can do? I made a complaint to the police when he attacked me, and now he has suggested I withdraw the complaint. My son of 13 is being violent to his 2 younger sisters. Please help.

Windmill Farms answers:

You know what is getting you into this mess…you are worrying about what everyone else wants, and what everyone else thinks. They worry about themselves, and you are thinking about them, but who is thinking about what is best for you? It isn’t you, but it should be.

He showed signs of abusive behavior before you slept with this guy. Back then, he had the choice to decide to let go of the past and work on building a better marriage for the future or end the marriage. No where does it give him the right to punish you, your entire life, and to physically abuse you in any way. He only has to three choices, to stay and argue, to leave, or to take a time out. That is it!

I think you are under so much duress that you are not seeing a clear picture, and as a result, you are feeling responsible for his behavior, but that is distorted thinking. When you are living in fear, you are like a wire that is wound up so tight that it is going to snap, and when your body has to deal with that level of stress, you are not able to rest soundly and regenerate your brain, so you become fatigued, and you lose clarity with the things that are taking place in your life.

Your husband is using that “affair” as a means to justify his outbursts. Do you know how much energy it takes to hang on to anger and resentment for any length of time? It takes a lot, and for many years later…he has some emotional issues to deal with that go back a lot farther than that one night with that guy.

You have to look at what is best for you, and no one else is going to do that for you. You have to think about your children and how horrifying it must be for them to witness these attacks, or see you after the fact. The trauma you are feeling is affecting them too. Please get some help before it is too late. Your problem is that you are taking ownership of his problem, but his problem is that he has some kind of emotional issues, or mental health issues that is putting your life at risk. Once you are dead, you are dead, and he can’t take it back. Protect yourself and your children.

Lisa asks…

(long) Can anxiety make you have ZERO energy?? scared! Help plz!?

I have a history of anxiety, i’ve had it for 10 years (since i was 16, I am 26 now) I have been off my medication (lexapro) for 5 years (when I became pregnant) and never went back on it.

The past 5 years have been panic/anxiety free for the most part.. that is why this is all scaring me badly!

The past 2 months I have had zero energy!!! also, chest discomfort that comes and goes, dry mouth, headaches (mild ones) at times, and shortness of breath!

I have been to 3 ER’s, and regular Dr’s, and they ALL say its just severe anxiety and that all my blood tests/urine tests/EKG/etc come back with NO PROBLEMS at ALL!

I have a hard time believing and trusting its all anxiety though.. My boyfriend and family has already gotten severely aggravated with me because they keep hearing it from me that it must be more than anxiety because I feel PHYSICALLY bad with all of these symptoms.. They say.. “you are fine physically, you’ve seen lots of Dr’s the past 2 months and all your tests come back negative for anything.. just trust that its all mentally/anxiety”.. BUT, I can’t.. whenever I get feeling like I have been here recently, I panic/worry and obsess over feeling this way!! I can’t take my mind off of it.. I have a blood pressure cuff here at home and I check it about 5 times a day or more! I am always putting my hand over my chest to feel my heart too!

Last night all night I was at the baseball game and I was having a GREAT time.. yelling/cheering/drinking/eating/laughing/etc.. BUT, when I got in my house and into my bed to go to sleep.. I felt like this and couldn’t sleep even though I was (and still am right now) EXHAUSTED!!!!

I am ALWAYS online obsessing over every symptom and telling my boyfriend that I have a brain tumor/cancer/heart problems/etc etc.. I even asked one of the ER Dr’s last week if he thought I was sick and going to die and he almost like laughed (and I don’t blame him in a way.. cause it does sound silly coming from someone physically healthy)

Just a brief run down… My boyfriend and I have been having issues, we’ve been together for a year and a half.. This summer he let me take a break and go see a long time friend of mine (a guy) in Colorado (we live in Georgia) I was only supposed to be there for June, but wound up staying till the end of August.. the FIRST panic episode I had in 5 years happened in my friend’s apartment in colorado.. it was so bad, i seriously thought i was going to die.. he called 911 and at the ER the Dr told me everything came back fine and it was just a massive panic attack.. he gave me ativan to take as needed (they helped, I am out of them now).. When I got back home here to Georgia.. i’ve been like this ever since.. for near 2 months now.. each day is different, some are a tad better than the next. Sometimes I am light headed ALL day to where I THINK I am going to faint, but I never have.

I THINK the reason this stuff has all started again is because in Colorado I didn’t really want to leave to come back here!!! BUT, my boyfriend was like begging me to and saying he missed me so i decided to come back.. I mean, my first attack in 5 years was the week before coming back home! Yes, I did have a love affair with this friend of mine in Colorado.. I still talk/text to him even tho I am home.. My boyfriend IS AWARE OF EVERYTHING (no secrets).. We bicker/argue/fight almost everyday about that situation and the fact that he thinks I am a severe hypochondriac.

SOMEONE HELP!!

IS THIS ALL FROM ANXIETY???

By the way.. I am 26/female/5’3″ 110 pounds. NO FAMILY/FRIENDS out here in Georgia. I am a “stay at home girlfriend” no kids. I do nothing all day but clean the house/take care of my pets.. no job. I am so depressed/sad/bored/lonely/and just most of the time plain ole miserable basically… now feeling PHYSICALLY ILL is scaring the CRAP out of me.
Let me also add.. I am SO SO SO TIRED like EVERYDAY. I yawn NON STOP. Sometimes, I feel like I need to yawn, but I can’t complete the yawn!!! Which is very weird/scary!!!.

The chest discomfot is all over my chest, not specified to one area.. its light discomfort but on top of the shortness of breath, I PANIC that I must be having a heart related problem.

I DO NOT have nausea/vomiting/diarrhea/fever/cold or flu symptoms/cough/rash/problems down below/pain anywhere (except when i get headachey, but it isn’t bad or often)

The main issue is the feeling shortness of breath and ZERO energy.. I just wanna lay down/in bed/watch tv/etc. Example, I have to do my dishes/vacuum/put up laundry.. when I start a task like that, i’ll start feeling weak/dizzy almost right away.. so i stop and sit down and never go back to that tast which pisses my boyfriend off when he comes home and see’s it isn’t done.. he starts bickering sayng I am useless and lazy.. I try and tell him I don’t feel good and
Let me also add.. I am SO SO SO TIRED like EVERYDAY. I yawn NON STOP. Sometimes, I feel like I need to yawn, but I can’t complete the yawn!!! Which is very weird/scary!!!.

The chest discomfot is all over my chest, not specified to one area.. its light discomfort but on top of the shortness of breath, I PANIC that I must be having a heart related problem.

I DO NOT have nausea/vomiting/diarrhea/fever/cold or flu symptoms/cough/rash/problems down below/pain anywhere (except when i get headachey, but it isn’t bad or often)

The main issue is the feeling shortness of breath and ZERO energy.. I just wanna lay down/in bed/watch tv/etc. Example, I have to do my dishes/vacuum/put up laundry.. when I start a task like that, i’ll start feeling weak/dizzy almost right away.. so i stop and sit down and never go back to that tast which pisses my boyfriend off when he comes home and see’s it isn’t done.. he starts bickering sayng I am useless and lazy.. I try and tell him I don’t feel good and

Windmill Farms answers:

I think you are looking for reassurance more than anything else. If the doctors say nothing is wrong then you don’t have anything of a degree to give you all the usual neurotic symptoms. You have to stop going back to physical causes and believe it is psychological. I can assure you that as long as you think there is a chance it is physical the weakness and all the other feelings will stay with you. Fear burns energy rapidly leaving you tired. Over thinking tires the brain and leaves you emotionally exhausted and dizzy. You fear emotional and physical collapse but it won’t happen you will just stay miserable. Arguing is not for you, it will only make you feel worse and win you no converts. I know your symptoms are real and i also know they are from stress. You are not lazy, you are not useless, you are just trapped in a cycle of anxiety, fatigue, anxiety.
You are going to have to accept your symptoms and practice doing things in spite of them. You will prove to yourself you can do things. Just make an effort to try to do things you feel you cannot and do not stop because you are weak or dizzy. Eventually you will see your strength return and your shortness of breath diminish. You know the shortness of breath is actually the tiny muscles in your bronchi oles contracting during stress as do other muscles. Don’t let this cause panic as it is harmless and you will always be able to breathe.
If you want to live a normal life you are going to have to put in a great effort to overcome this. Unfortunately there are no pills that cure it and not amount of talk will be as effective as doing things.
You may be a hypochondriac and the people in your life may be partially correct. They have to understand what you are going through internally and be willing to give you encouragement. Saying things that will make you feel worse will only make you worse. Good Luck!

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Uses Of Wind Energy In Daily Life

Laura asks…

Alternative energy sources isn’t enough to power a growing economy?

Like solar and wind is that true?

But what about nuclear fusion, i know it takes a lot of energy to start one, but it should become self powering after is that true? and how far off are we from making a reactor

Windmill Farms answers:

Nuclear fusion, solar and wind have their advantages but they also have disadvantages. Many think clean and pure energy is the best solution for alternative energy. But that seem impossible because most vehicle run by oil based energy. So even the nuclear fusion is available someday you need to convert it into chemical energy which need more energy. My answer to these solution is renewable fuel, it could run on any normal vehicle with small modification. Palm oil is the best for bio diesel because palm oil produce more amount of oxygen during photosynthesis, these will reduce the carbon footprint a lot because the net of carbon that will be used during photosynthesis is the same or more as the carbon that release from the combustion of bio diesel. Palm oil is suitable compared to any plant because it high in productivity and can replace the need of fossil fuel because it also can be used in industry sector. Palm oil also produce the same amount of oxygen as rain forest compared to other bio diesel plant like soy bean. Through genetic modification we could increase the yield of production. Further research on palm oil could ultimately make the bio diesel suitable to replace fossil fuel. The plantation of palm oil also create job opportunities and increase the local economy. These palm oil product also could be used in industrial properties like make soap, rubber and plastic .Some people claim that the food shortage is due to the conversion of these plant product to be fuel is inaccurate and exaggeration because the food we produce especially in america could feed the entire world the problem is the distribution of the food product not the resource. I hope these bio diesel could be applied in our daily life as alternative energy instead be ridicule by fossil fuel producers countries.

Lizzie asks…

How are Nickel, Copper, Zinc and Mercury used in daily life?

Fire Dog: Nope, that’s only a fraction of it. I have to write a thousand word essay explaining the what the %^* they are, how they affect us, benefits, etc..

Windmill Farms answers:

Well zinc is used in the body to help the immune system work well, as well as the reporduction of cells, wound healing, and the break down of carbohydrates.
Well mercury is used in some thermometers like most would know, and also barmometeres which measures pressure.
Copper is used in fillings.
Nickel is used in resistors to absorb heat energy caused by electrical ions.

Hope this helps

Ruth asks…

society & environment {energy?

how does energy use in our society affects the environment and why it is important for individuals to analyse && limit their energy consumption ?

Windmill Farms answers:

About energy in the context of electricity:

The environmental impact of use of electricity is not the use itself but the way the energy is produced.
Today electricity for your daily activities is provided by power plants. Each government has its own power plants and depending on the size of the country and the demand of the community (individuals and industry) it can have from one to dozens.

Electricity is produced by different ways.
1) by burning fuels like coal or other solid and liquid fuels or gases

2) by controlling the heat expulsion of nuclear reactions

3) by absorbing hydrodynamic forces like in power generation from watter dams (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydroelectricity) or power generation from winds through Wind generators (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wind_power) and in tidal power generators (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tidal_power)

4) by absorbing radiant light and heat from the sun like in Photovoltaics (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photovoltaics) or in solar thermal plants (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_thermal)

I numbered these four categories in this order because of the percentage they hold in global energy production. Solid fuel power plants coupled with Nuclear power plants account for about 85%-90% of global electricity production (link: http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/ieo/world.html)

Now as you may expect electricity generated by burning fuels emits greenhouse gases most commonly CO2 which is a culprit for global warming.
Electricity generated by Nuclear power has its own impact on the environment. Common nuclear reactors use radio active materials (isotopes) to produce heat which in turn is turned into electricity. The concept unfortunately produces also a lot of nuclear waste, which is still radioactive and has to be housed for long periods of time in specialy build facilities (see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radioactive_waste_management#Management_of_waste). This has an environmental impact as radioactive waste management can lead to radioactive pollution of the environment if not done properly.
Also it is seriously expensive and is very often outsourced to countries of arguable capabilities (third world) or even illegally dumped.

The other two ways of producing electricity are environmentally friendly, with no known environmental impacts and thus are labeled as green energy.

So in the end as you use electricity to power your everyday appliances you actually use all the above facilities, poluting the atmosphere and potentially poisoning teh earths flora & fauna with radioactive waste.

About energy in the context of fuels:

We use fuels in our everyday lives to accomplish various activities like powering our car (petroleum) or cooking food (gas powered kitchen appliances) or keeping warm in the winter (AC burners / stoves). All fuel burning activities produce a varying plethora of gases like CO CO2 and wih this polute the atmosphere and feed the greenhouse effect. (further reading: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas)

So burning of fuels causes pollution of the atmosphere, aiding global warming.

About energy in the context of electrochemical capacitors (batteries):

The efficient storage of electricity has always been the Achilles heel of modern day electronics.
Consumer Batteries operate through the conversion of chemical energy stored in arrays of electrochemical cells into electricity. Thus, the production of batteries includes the use of various Chemicals which are in general harmful to the environment after the battery’s and of life.

So the consumer use of batteries implies chemical polution of the environment if the used batteries aren’t treated correctly (further reading http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battery_(electricity)).

Steven asks…

how can solar energy replace fossil fuels?

i need to know how solar energy can replace fossil fuels, i am doing a project and need to know

Windmill Farms answers:

This really depends on where you see solar energy starting and ending. If we take the broadest meaning of solar energy then.
We can replace electricity generation with a combination of photovoltaic solar cells and solar hot water heating. Wind turbines and tidal power. Wave generation, micro hydro power. Our whole weather system and tides are solar powered if you look into it .
The biggest place that solar energy can replace fossil fuels is the use of biomass as a fuel source. This has to be done very carefully. By taking biomass and converting it to fuel by what ever method you choose you are removing the nutrients from the soil. This method could only be done organically if you really wanted to replace fossil fuels as most fertilizers are made from fossil fuels. There are other methods of making fertilizers but organic would be the easiest. The other more important argument against using biomass is that it is what feeds the world.
If humans started to live in smaller communities and traveled less distance in their daily activities. We used our cars less or not at all and walked more you are replacing fossil fuels with solar. Plants need solar energy to grow and what ever way you look at it we eat plants either directly or indirectly.

The thing that the human race needs to realise is that fossil fuels ARE going to come to an end whether we bury our head in the sand or not. Every resource on this plant has finite amounts. We need to restrict our population growth and reduce our consumption. Look after the solar systems that we have in plants and the oceans as they are what is supporting our life on this planet.

Nancy asks…

energy crises?

tell me please why is there energy crises

Windmill Farms answers:

The Universe has plenty of energy resourses. The sun itself is an ultra big ball of energy, which if tapped can be of great use to entire life on earth. But we r facing energy crisis not because of lack of resourses but because of too much dependence on crude oil and non-enewable energy sources like coal for our daily energy requirements. They are depleting at a faster rate due to exponential increase in demand for such fuels.

The energy crisis is created because of we are still unable to develop reliable and cost-efficient systems to tap the enormous renewable energy resourses that are available on earth. All these constitute of solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy etc.

If we could find better solutions for the above problems we will not have that so called energy crises.

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Renewable Energy World

Betty asks…

How can renewable energy benefit 3rd world countries?

Windmill Farms answers:

They won’t have to rely on other people to obtain the needed fuel for their energy such as those who depend on fossil fuel (i.e. Needing to rely on the energy company who depend on the oil company who need to obtain that from an arab nation), they won’t have to worry about prices going up and down, and it will keep their air, land, and water a little bit cleaner. In many cases it could be cheaper such as if they use wind power (it’s actually quite easy to construct your own wind generator) and when you consider that oil is now at $100 a barrel. Coal is not only detrimental to our air, but also to our land and water as it needs to be mined or taken from mountaintops (look up mountain top removal and see how badly it is affecting the local communities around the Appalachians…).
It’s not just the energy which will benefit them, being more earth friendly in general will benefit them greatly as it costs less money and is more resourceful. A few examples would be using a solar oven for cooking, using local resources such as straw and clay to make their homes with which is also better insulated and would therefore require less energy for heating and cooling, composting to make the land more fertile and to grow their own fruits and vegetables, and bio-filtration for their water supply as most 3rd world countries have limited and/or unhealthy water sources.

Daniel asks…

Where are the jobs for renewable energy ?

Hello Mr. President Obama.
I have been a student in Zero Energy Technologies at Shoreline C.C. in Seattle WA. for over two now and I’m about to graduate with my degree in renewable energy. I have also been unemployed the whole time.
The out look for jobs in this industry does not look good at the present time and for that matter all jobs.
I am a firm believer in the course you have chosen for are future energy policies. And there many students waiting for a opportunity in this field of work. We are knocking at the door but nothing seems to opening up for us.
How can we stand back and let other countries around the world take the lead on renewable energy?

Windmill Farms answers:

A degree in renewable energy? Is that electronics, wiring, design, construction, fabrication, transport…? If you’re looking at solar or geothermal, go to CA or NJ or most any southern state. If wind, what about the Columbia Gorge area or Indiana or NY? No one is going to seek you out to give you a job.

Donna asks…

How soon will cheap renewable energy revolutionize the world?

It’s already begun. Business will drive toward change because the cost savings makes alternative energy sources so much more profitable. How long will it take for developed nations to change?

Windmill Farms answers:

Every nation is trying in her own way. In India, they have started harnessing wind energy by installing windmills at many places. Jatropa plantation is becoming widespread. This plant give alternate diesel.

It is just progressing and no time frame comes in my mind as no authority has given one.

Lisa asks…

what would the world be like if we continue use fossil fuels and not renewable energy?

Windmill Farms answers:

There is a growing concern regarding the collaboration between fossil fuels and environmental pollution. Debates regarding this contamination have become commonplace in today’s effort to sustain the earth’s health. Fossil fuels are not considered a renewable energy source and aside from the environmental impact, the cost of retrieving and converting them is beginning to demand notice. Seemingly this issue has many different angles that need to be addressed in order to ensure future generations a sustainable living

What is Renewable Energy? Renewable energy is that source of energy that does not diminish and gets their replenishment of energies from other natural sources like wind, sun, flowing water, geothermal flows of heat and biological processes.

With the depletion in resources of fossil fuel there seems to be a growing demand for solutions that can generate the same output but will not die out at the same time. Using energy resources also is environmentally friendly as we are only taking what nature has to offer, and generating energy from it.

Almost 18 % of energy consumption globally was from energy sources in the year 2006. The Geysers in United States, California is one of the world’s largest geothermal installations. The leader in Ethanol fuel is Brazil, this fuel drawn out of sugarcane, is used to drive vehicles. The highest ownership in household solar is Kenya, where most of the households draw their energy from solar power stations.

With so much happening globally in terms of renewable resources, several countries now have passed legislations that will help increase its use. This has seen a trend in increase in market demand for newer technologies in the energy resource industry.
Therefiore, converting fossil fuels may also result in the accumulation of solid waste. This type of accumulation has a devastating impact on the environment.

Robert asks…

Is China set to dominate the world in renewable energy industry?

China Leading Global Race to Make Clean Energy

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/31/business/energy-environment/31renew.html

“China vaulted past competitors in Denmark, Germany, Spain and the United States last year to become the world’s largest maker of wind turbines, and is poised to expand even further this year.

China has also leapfrogged the West in the last two years to emerge as the world’s largest manufacturer of solar panels.”

Does it matter that China is getting such a lead in the new technologies? Will we all be buying Chinese solar panels for ever after now? Why are British workers in our beleaguered heavy industry sectors not getting the chance to benefit from these new green jobs?
jeff, yes i know. But they are turning their tanker around a good deal faster than any of the ‘developed’ countries, its very impressive to watch, and very frustrating.
We too are still building coal power stations.
dana, yes, the engineers that run china can say ‘make it so’ and it happens. they dont have to slog through the sea of opposition from vested interests, they have a big advantage.

paul, spot on. it’s been happening since thatcher, and i spent several years waiting for nu-labour (= tory lite) to stem the arterial bleeding from the manufacturing sector. no chance!
you cant eat a city bank.
d/dx, lots to think about there. i only disagree about the innovation side; chinese patent numbers are rapidly catching up with ours, give it a decade and they will be up with europe and n. america. i dont know if we will see a cultural difference in the type of innovation, maybe more cautious steps?
On the wages side; there is far to much spread here, it is leading to a collapse of the social mobility that fuelled the innovations of the last four decades. the rich have clotted at the top of the milk again, time to shake the bottle.
i said to watch siemens didnt i;

http://www.greenwisebusiness.co.uk/news/siemens-invests-in-british-tidal-energy-developer-1179.aspx

but i’m not sure there’s not a much better design, this is too cribbed off a wind turbine. as for tooling up, harland and wolff got aid as no other shipyard did, because of the troubles.

Windmill Farms answers:

The Chinese are currently doing well at manufacturing, but this is not the best indicator of who will dominate the future renewable energy market. The current manufacturing capacity will supply only about 5% of the total energy market in the next 10 years. The other 95% of the market is still up for grabs. The best technologies are not on the market yet and information about them is not in the public domain. You might get a hint of capabilities by looking at patent filings at
www.uspto.gov
However, you need to know a lot of science to realize that patent on topic A is an enabling (choke point) technology for new technology B which is not directly addressed. People that know about the new technologies are bound by confidentiality agreements. One common clause in confidentiality agreements is that the existence of the agreement itself is confidential. The information that you find on the internet is the information that industry wants you to see. The public can and should be concerned at the macro level about the level of investment in R&D and manufacturing capability. The US is at a disadvantage because
1. The overall level of investment in renewable energy is too low.
2. US investors are at a disadvantage because of the federal failure to regulate the industry. Companies with credible technologies under development tend to be more discrete than Wall St. Stock promoters. The result is that some of the investment in renewable energy (and all other industrial sectors) is misdirected to scams whose only purpose is to enrich Wall St. Bankers. The US is falling behind because Wall St. Scam artists skim $1 trillion annually that would be better invested in R&D and manufacturing capacity. The UK dependence on the financial sector has the same consequence: lack of investment in industry.
3. US labor is overpriced. Human capital is a critical element in the competition for the future economy. The Chinese are playing for the advantage of manufacturing experience by investing now. They hope to persuade companies with the next generation of technologies to locate in their country. The work force in Europe and North America (and Japan) is more skilled than the Chinese workforce at present, but overpriced. The auto sector workers collectively are more skilled than their Chinese competitors and merit more pay than the $2/hr earned by Chinese workers. $20-$25/hr is realistic, $80/hr demanded by the UAW is not. The critical question is whether the workforce will take realistic wages, stay employed and prevent the Chinese from building manufacturing expertise or allow their skills to decay to zero value. If this issue is not resolved, US workers will be worth $2/hr in 10 years and Chinese workers will be worth $20/hr.
4. The Chinese are good at copying and stealing technology, but lag in innovation. Europe and North America can improve their competitive position by making market access for Chinese goods contingent on Chinese respect (payment) for intellectual property. Trade policies should favor domestic innovators rather than implicitly condone Chinese theft of IP by allowing unrestricted market access. Consumer prices will be higher, but consumers will have more wealth the pay the higher prices.

I don’t think that it is too late for Europe and North America, but structural adjustments noted above are needed. The companies and countries that own the best technologies between 2020 and 2030 will be the big winners.

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